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主题 : 考博英语语法:含蓄虚拟条件句
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楼主  发表于: 2015-10-30   

考博英语语法:含蓄虚拟条件句

考博英语语法:含蓄虚拟条件句 BJlF@F#  
  含蓄条件句是指句中没有明显的虚拟条件句,而是利用其他手段来暗示存在虚拟条件。但是这类隐含式虚拟条件句往往都可以转化为if引导的条件句。常来表示含蓄虚拟条件的手段有: $'[( DwLS  
  (1)介词或介词短语,如but for, but that, without, in case of, under more favorable condition等。 N 8mK^{  
  the leadership of the party, we could not be living a happy today.=If there hadn’t been the leadership of the party, we could not be living a happy today. t$UFR7XE  
  A. In spite of y8,es$  
  B. But for =@ON>SmPs  
  C. Because of eH1Y!&`  
  D. As for 答案选B。 J/ rQ42d  
  But that she was afraid, she would have said no. vmmu[v  
  (2)连词,如:so that, unless, in case, supposing, lest, provided(倘若……),for fear that(唯恐),in order that, on condition that, if only(要是……就好了)等。 l sUQ7%f  
  She listened carefully in order that she might discover exactly what he wante 9`vse>,-hg  
  D.=if she listened carefully ,she might discover exactly what he wante ;N4mR6  
  D. n}._Nb 5  
  If only I had more money, I could buy a car. U;{VL!  
  (注:lest, for fear that 和 in case 引起的从句中谓语动词多用should+动词原形,但可以不用虚拟语气,而用动词的陈述语气形式。)例如: j&#p&`B  
  The foreign teacher spoke slowly in case we misunderstood him. 这位外籍教师说得很慢以免我们听不懂。 sb8SG_c.  
  Care must be taken in using this method lest overflow should occur.在使用此法时要小心谨慎,以免会发生溢流现象。 ]Q)TqwYF  
  (3)通过上下文及内在含义,句中往往有but, otherwise, unfortunately等类似转折词。 LTJ|EXYA  
  I thought the children when we returned home, but they were still awake. [ 9$>N  
  A. were sleeping wGbD%=  
  B. would be sleeping s[Njk@y,  
  C. had been sleeping uRUysLIw  
  D. would sleep选择 B。 $R"~BZbt;  
  (4)形容词及其比较级 7$b78wax  
  A more careful person would not have made so many mistakes. `cVG_= 2  
  A less conscientious man wouldn’t have tried so hard to get this job done. Le_?x  
  (5)分词短语 Yz{UP)TC  
  Having known in time, we might have prevented the accident. i%-c/ lop  
  Born ten days earlier, the boy could have seen his late father. ^>]p4Q3 6  
  (6)动词不定式短语。一般intended/meant/hoped/wished/planned 或 was/were+不定式完成式或had intended/meant/planned/hoped/wished/+不定式一般式表示虚拟。 u6|7P<HUfb  
  I intended I should call on you, but I was busy at that time. sd#a_  
  To hear him speak French, you would take him for an Englishman. m#8mU,7  
  She would be stupid not to accept his invitation. 3B;B#0g50  
  It would be easier to do it this way. QvqX3FU  
  (7)名词短语和名词+and结构 79S=n,O  
  A judicious man would not have committed suicide. qzV:N8+,`  
  A diligent student would have worked harder. zJtYy4jI)  
  (8)独立主格结构 'fZHtnmc0  
  All things considered, the price would be reasonable. 1uS _]59=  
  (9)定语从句 XB^z' P{-Y  
  Anyone who had been in your position would have done the same. xNl_Q8Z?R^  
  A nation, which stopped working, would be dead in a fortnight. C+2*m=r  
  (10)情态动词完成式暗示虚拟语气: C;STJrew  
  I should have called to make an airline reservation, but I didn’t. LVO`+:  
  The porter ought to have called the fire-brigade as soon as he saw the fire in the stock, which went up in smoke. wYNh0QlBH  
  (11)动词原形表示虚拟 N "FQMxqm  
  动词原形直接用在句子中也被看作是一种虚拟,最常见于正式文体中,动词原形一般用在条件从句中,有时倒装置于句首,同时这种用法也常见于独立句中表达愿望。 Qs</.PO  
  God bless you! V"\t  
  All magnets behave the same, be they large or small. WM*7p;t@)  
  She’ll be sixteen years odd, com May.(come May =when May come). u9}=g%T V  
  If that be so, we shall take action at once lts{<AU~  
>5)$Qtz#  
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