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主题 : 考博英语语法:含蓄虚拟条件句
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楼主  发表于: 2015-10-30   

考博英语语法:含蓄虚拟条件句

考博英语语法:含蓄虚拟条件句 O=A2QykV(  
  含蓄条件句是指句中没有明显的虚拟条件句,而是利用其他手段来暗示存在虚拟条件。但是这类隐含式虚拟条件句往往都可以转化为if引导的条件句。常来表示含蓄虚拟条件的手段有: p 1'l D  
  (1)介词或介词短语,如but for, but that, without, in case of, under more favorable condition等。 ;^5k_\  
  the leadership of the party, we could not be living a happy today.=If there hadn’t been the leadership of the party, we could not be living a happy today. A^>@6d $2  
  A. In spite of G aV&y  
  B. But for T&?g)  
  C. Because of 6 Rl[M+Q  
  D. As for 答案选B。 4|=>gdW)KN  
  But that she was afraid, she would have said no. Lwr's'ao.  
  (2)连词,如:so that, unless, in case, supposing, lest, provided(倘若……),for fear that(唯恐),in order that, on condition that, if only(要是……就好了)等。 Uj):}xgi'  
  She listened carefully in order that she might discover exactly what he wante @up,5`  
  D.=if she listened carefully ,she might discover exactly what he wante Io1j%T#ZT  
  D. \ND]x]5d  
  If only I had more money, I could buy a car. OrkcY39"~a  
  (注:lest, for fear that 和 in case 引起的从句中谓语动词多用should+动词原形,但可以不用虚拟语气,而用动词的陈述语气形式。)例如: Bhv;l/K])  
  The foreign teacher spoke slowly in case we misunderstood him. 这位外籍教师说得很慢以免我们听不懂。 o?baiOkH  
  Care must be taken in using this method lest overflow should occur.在使用此法时要小心谨慎,以免会发生溢流现象。 JHxcHh  
  (3)通过上下文及内在含义,句中往往有but, otherwise, unfortunately等类似转折词。 .I`>F/Sjr  
  I thought the children when we returned home, but they were still awake. mdc?~??8  
  A. were sleeping $H<_P'h-B  
  B. would be sleeping #Pd9i5~N  
  C. had been sleeping x6/u+Urn  
  D. would sleep选择 B。 >WZ.Dj0n  
  (4)形容词及其比较级 [G_ ;78  
  A more careful person would not have made so many mistakes.  ,$6si  
  A less conscientious man wouldn’t have tried so hard to get this job done. hC$e8t60  
  (5)分词短语 ;6 V~yB  
  Having known in time, we might have prevented the accident. ) 8xbc&M  
  Born ten days earlier, the boy could have seen his late father. 8$uq60JK  
  (6)动词不定式短语。一般intended/meant/hoped/wished/planned 或 was/were+不定式完成式或had intended/meant/planned/hoped/wished/+不定式一般式表示虚拟。 iZ]^JPU}  
  I intended I should call on you, but I was busy at that time. 4zs0+d +  
  To hear him speak French, you would take him for an Englishman. %g?M?D8Ud3  
  She would be stupid not to accept his invitation. (\qf>l+*  
  It would be easier to do it this way. @kSfF[4H  
  (7)名词短语和名词+and结构 Eq_@ xT0>  
  A judicious man would not have committed suicide. EwBrOq`C  
  A diligent student would have worked harder. <mJ8~  
  (8)独立主格结构 1#L%Q(G  
  All things considered, the price would be reasonable. I`+,I`~u  
  (9)定语从句 ~"*W;|)  
  Anyone who had been in your position would have done the same. <XrXs  
  A nation, which stopped working, would be dead in a fortnight. B|o@ |zF  
  (10)情态动词完成式暗示虚拟语气: d v4~CW%Td  
  I should have called to make an airline reservation, but I didn’t. F^.]g@g.|  
  The porter ought to have called the fire-brigade as soon as he saw the fire in the stock, which went up in smoke. &CQ28WG X  
  (11)动词原形表示虚拟 ;P' 5RCqj  
  动词原形直接用在句子中也被看作是一种虚拟,最常见于正式文体中,动词原形一般用在条件从句中,有时倒装置于句首,同时这种用法也常见于独立句中表达愿望。 p! k~uf U  
  God bless you! M]%dFQ  
  All magnets behave the same, be they large or small. XlXt,  
  She’ll be sixteen years odd, com May.(come May =when May come). leF!Uog  
  If that be so, we shall take action at once e)s l  
e2fv  %  
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