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主题 : 考博英语语法:含蓄虚拟条件句
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楼主  发表于: 2015-10-30   

考博英语语法:含蓄虚拟条件句

考博英语语法:含蓄虚拟条件句 Y8s;w!/  
  含蓄条件句是指句中没有明显的虚拟条件句,而是利用其他手段来暗示存在虚拟条件。但是这类隐含式虚拟条件句往往都可以转化为if引导的条件句。常来表示含蓄虚拟条件的手段有: >.9eBz@  
  (1)介词或介词短语,如but for, but that, without, in case of, under more favorable condition等。 >X}{BDMb.  
  the leadership of the party, we could not be living a happy today.=If there hadn’t been the leadership of the party, we could not be living a happy today. 0O@_ cW  
  A. In spite of eBB:~,C^q.  
  B. But for %Tcf6cK"  
  C. Because of F%.xuLW  
  D. As for 答案选B。 R|,7d:k  
  But that she was afraid, she would have said no. /F[+13C  
  (2)连词,如:so that, unless, in case, supposing, lest, provided(倘若……),for fear that(唯恐),in order that, on condition that, if only(要是……就好了)等。 MOz}Q1`a  
  She listened carefully in order that she might discover exactly what he wante ^tAO_~4  
  D.=if she listened carefully ,she might discover exactly what he wante )na&" bJ  
  D.  y).P=z  
  If only I had more money, I could buy a car. Rq)BssdF  
  (注:lest, for fear that 和 in case 引起的从句中谓语动词多用should+动词原形,但可以不用虚拟语气,而用动词的陈述语气形式。)例如: L ^Y3=1#"g  
  The foreign teacher spoke slowly in case we misunderstood him. 这位外籍教师说得很慢以免我们听不懂。 W?,$!]0  
  Care must be taken in using this method lest overflow should occur.在使用此法时要小心谨慎,以免会发生溢流现象。 M-9gD[m  
  (3)通过上下文及内在含义,句中往往有but, otherwise, unfortunately等类似转折词。 4rB8Nm1  
  I thought the children when we returned home, but they were still awake. /)#8)"`nT  
  A. were sleeping R9dP,<2  
  B. would be sleeping ym%slg  
  C. had been sleeping TQ9'76INb  
  D. would sleep选择 B。 z]#hWfM4B:  
  (4)形容词及其比较级 +$pJ5+v  
  A more careful person would not have made so many mistakes. =I4.Gf"~f  
  A less conscientious man wouldn’t have tried so hard to get this job done. xfHyC'?  
  (5)分词短语 ?ApRJm:T  
  Having known in time, we might have prevented the accident. YdOUv|tZC  
  Born ten days earlier, the boy could have seen his late father. vjK, I9  
  (6)动词不定式短语。一般intended/meant/hoped/wished/planned 或 was/were+不定式完成式或had intended/meant/planned/hoped/wished/+不定式一般式表示虚拟。 s44iEh=V(I  
  I intended I should call on you, but I was busy at that time.  4#rAm"H  
  To hear him speak French, you would take him for an Englishman. #)74X% 4(  
  She would be stupid not to accept his invitation. 1L[S*X  
  It would be easier to do it this way. 1D1b"o  
  (7)名词短语和名词+and结构 0n5UKtB  
  A judicious man would not have committed suicide. N lt4)  
  A diligent student would have worked harder. &BgU:R,  
  (8)独立主格结构 7%CIt?Z%  
  All things considered, the price would be reasonable. lgT?{,>RkW  
  (9)定语从句 Y ><(?  
  Anyone who had been in your position would have done the same. 878tI3-  
  A nation, which stopped working, would be dead in a fortnight. && C~@WY,r  
  (10)情态动词完成式暗示虚拟语气: lIq~~cv)  
  I should have called to make an airline reservation, but I didn’t. |h,FUj<r  
  The porter ought to have called the fire-brigade as soon as he saw the fire in the stock, which went up in smoke. v MWC(m  
  (11)动词原形表示虚拟 ~ &~C#yjg1  
  动词原形直接用在句子中也被看作是一种虚拟,最常见于正式文体中,动词原形一般用在条件从句中,有时倒装置于句首,同时这种用法也常见于独立句中表达愿望。 %HEmi;  
  God bless you! % +8  
  All magnets behave the same, be they large or small. >sV Bj(f  
  She’ll be sixteen years odd, com May.(come May =when May come). 2{};6{yz  
  If that be so, we shall take action at once -s~p}CQ.  
lt%-m@#/  
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