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主题 : 考博英语语法:含蓄虚拟条件句
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楼主  发表于: 2015-10-30   

考博英语语法:含蓄虚拟条件句

考博英语语法:含蓄虚拟条件句 rf.`h{!!  
  含蓄条件句是指句中没有明显的虚拟条件句,而是利用其他手段来暗示存在虚拟条件。但是这类隐含式虚拟条件句往往都可以转化为if引导的条件句。常来表示含蓄虚拟条件的手段有: d$t40+v  
  (1)介词或介词短语,如but for, but that, without, in case of, under more favorable condition等。 K cy@$uF{2  
  the leadership of the party, we could not be living a happy today.=If there hadn’t been the leadership of the party, we could not be living a happy today. &c>?~-!W  
  A. In spite of =-"c*^$]  
  B. But for Qkcjr]#^$  
  C. Because of 6gH{ R$7L=  
  D. As for 答案选B。 `d\r;cE%lm  
  But that she was afraid, she would have said no. "%qzj93>  
  (2)连词,如:so that, unless, in case, supposing, lest, provided(倘若……),for fear that(唯恐),in order that, on condition that, if only(要是……就好了)等。 q?):oJ  
  She listened carefully in order that she might discover exactly what he wante 1oiRWRe  
  D.=if she listened carefully ,she might discover exactly what he wante ]QVNn?PA8  
  D. xtfBfA  
  If only I had more money, I could buy a car. piy`zc- yu  
  (注:lest, for fear that 和 in case 引起的从句中谓语动词多用should+动词原形,但可以不用虚拟语气,而用动词的陈述语气形式。)例如: .,0bE  
  The foreign teacher spoke slowly in case we misunderstood him. 这位外籍教师说得很慢以免我们听不懂。 as*4UT3  
  Care must be taken in using this method lest overflow should occur.在使用此法时要小心谨慎,以免会发生溢流现象。 Q GZyL)Q  
  (3)通过上下文及内在含义,句中往往有but, otherwise, unfortunately等类似转折词。 !3X0FNGq  
  I thought the children when we returned home, but they were still awake. _ :Ag?2  
  A. were sleeping w[tmCn+  
  B. would be sleeping H@bf'guA|B  
  C. had been sleeping ":a\z(*t  
  D. would sleep选择 B。 a 2 IgC25  
  (4)形容词及其比较级 rf~Y6U?7  
  A more careful person would not have made so many mistakes. FMA6_fju4  
  A less conscientious man wouldn’t have tried so hard to get this job done. )R`xR,H  
  (5)分词短语 ApBWuXp|u  
  Having known in time, we might have prevented the accident. 3?2 FP|G8  
  Born ten days earlier, the boy could have seen his late father. tW WWx~k  
  (6)动词不定式短语。一般intended/meant/hoped/wished/planned 或 was/were+不定式完成式或had intended/meant/planned/hoped/wished/+不定式一般式表示虚拟。 CI353-`  
  I intended I should call on you, but I was busy at that time. HK`I\,K  
  To hear him speak French, you would take him for an Englishman. @)o^uU T  
  She would be stupid not to accept his invitation. YIw1   
  It would be easier to do it this way. q$I:`&  
  (7)名词短语和名词+and结构 )W/;=K  
  A judicious man would not have committed suicide. DL$@?.?I  
  A diligent student would have worked harder. sMu] /'7  
  (8)独立主格结构 .L'.c/ s  
  All things considered, the price would be reasonable. pe^u$YE  
  (9)定语从句 hjZKUM G(k  
  Anyone who had been in your position would have done the same. Z&;uh_EC  
  A nation, which stopped working, would be dead in a fortnight. "[y-+)WTG  
  (10)情态动词完成式暗示虚拟语气: 15o9 .   
  I should have called to make an airline reservation, but I didn’t. +v=C@2T  
  The porter ought to have called the fire-brigade as soon as he saw the fire in the stock, which went up in smoke. ]]zPq<b2  
  (11)动词原形表示虚拟 ;q*e=[_DF  
  动词原形直接用在句子中也被看作是一种虚拟,最常见于正式文体中,动词原形一般用在条件从句中,有时倒装置于句首,同时这种用法也常见于独立句中表达愿望。 +HBd %1  
  God bless you! #Y$hNQQ$F  
  All magnets behave the same, be they large or small. ."9];)2rx  
  She’ll be sixteen years odd, com May.(come May =when May come). AvfNwE  
  If that be so, we shall take action at once EOCN&_Z;  
@)fd}tV  
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沙发  发表于: 2015-10-30   
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