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主题 : 考博英语语法:含蓄虚拟条件句
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楼主  发表于: 2015-10-30   

考博英语语法:含蓄虚拟条件句

考博英语语法:含蓄虚拟条件句 ;BejFcb  
  含蓄条件句是指句中没有明显的虚拟条件句,而是利用其他手段来暗示存在虚拟条件。但是这类隐含式虚拟条件句往往都可以转化为if引导的条件句。常来表示含蓄虚拟条件的手段有: K3!|k(jt  
  (1)介词或介词短语,如but for, but that, without, in case of, under more favorable condition等。 }\OLBg/  
  the leadership of the party, we could not be living a happy today.=If there hadn’t been the leadership of the party, we could not be living a happy today. KFCuv15w,3  
  A. In spite of #:DDx5%x<b  
  B. But for m:/nw,  
  C. Because of 8 y/YX  
  D. As for 答案选B。 wvp\'* $  
  But that she was afraid, she would have said no. rcOpOoU|  
  (2)连词,如:so that, unless, in case, supposing, lest, provided(倘若……),for fear that(唯恐),in order that, on condition that, if only(要是……就好了)等。 k2j:s}RHY  
  She listened carefully in order that she might discover exactly what he wante ;!Ojb  
  D.=if she listened carefully ,she might discover exactly what he wante ~; Ss)d  
  D. :BC 0f9  
  If only I had more money, I could buy a car. ~ AS2$  
  (注:lest, for fear that 和 in case 引起的从句中谓语动词多用should+动词原形,但可以不用虚拟语气,而用动词的陈述语气形式。)例如: +}I[l,,xy  
  The foreign teacher spoke slowly in case we misunderstood him. 这位外籍教师说得很慢以免我们听不懂。 gmj a2F,  
  Care must be taken in using this method lest overflow should occur.在使用此法时要小心谨慎,以免会发生溢流现象。 |t4k&Dkx`  
  (3)通过上下文及内在含义,句中往往有but, otherwise, unfortunately等类似转折词。 -]+ XTsL  
  I thought the children when we returned home, but they were still awake. V%<<Udu<  
  A. were sleeping 7$8z}2  
  B. would be sleeping "5synfO  
  C. had been sleeping e ! 6SJ7xC  
  D. would sleep选择 B。 xX{uDMYa;  
  (4)形容词及其比较级 / h0-qW  
  A more careful person would not have made so many mistakes. Z?ZcQ[eC  
  A less conscientious man wouldn’t have tried so hard to get this job done. a_`E'BkgU  
  (5)分词短语 5l=B,%s  
  Having known in time, we might have prevented the accident.  --Dw  
  Born ten days earlier, the boy could have seen his late father. l(v$+  
  (6)动词不定式短语。一般intended/meant/hoped/wished/planned 或 was/were+不定式完成式或had intended/meant/planned/hoped/wished/+不定式一般式表示虚拟。 d?v#gW  
  I intended I should call on you, but I was busy at that time. E:D1ZV  
  To hear him speak French, you would take him for an Englishman. prlB9,3|C  
  She would be stupid not to accept his invitation. -E2[P W4$  
  It would be easier to do it this way. CbQ@l@d]  
  (7)名词短语和名词+and结构 zv@'x nY]  
  A judicious man would not have committed suicide. E&{*{u4  
  A diligent student would have worked harder. V*=cNj  
  (8)独立主格结构 w_KGn17  
  All things considered, the price would be reasonable. ;wL *  
  (9)定语从句 ,h #!!j\j6  
  Anyone who had been in your position would have done the same. HoH3.AY X  
  A nation, which stopped working, would be dead in a fortnight. ]1)@.b;QR  
  (10)情态动词完成式暗示虚拟语气: \$?[>=<wB  
  I should have called to make an airline reservation, but I didn’t. (PsA[>F  
  The porter ought to have called the fire-brigade as soon as he saw the fire in the stock, which went up in smoke. 7KRc^ *pZs  
  (11)动词原形表示虚拟 +A~lPXAXW  
  动词原形直接用在句子中也被看作是一种虚拟,最常见于正式文体中,动词原形一般用在条件从句中,有时倒装置于句首,同时这种用法也常见于独立句中表达愿望。 g~FB&U4c  
  God bless you! Kzo{L  
  All magnets behave the same, be they large or small. ])m",8d&T  
  She’ll be sixteen years odd, com May.(come May =when May come). p\+#`] Q7}  
  If that be so, we shall take action at once )6bxP&k  
oq8~P Tw  
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