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主题 : 考博英语语法:含蓄虚拟条件句
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楼主  发表于: 2015-10-30   

考博英语语法:含蓄虚拟条件句

考博英语语法:含蓄虚拟条件句 5s5GBJ?  
  含蓄条件句是指句中没有明显的虚拟条件句,而是利用其他手段来暗示存在虚拟条件。但是这类隐含式虚拟条件句往往都可以转化为if引导的条件句。常来表示含蓄虚拟条件的手段有: P!6 v0ezN  
  (1)介词或介词短语,如but for, but that, without, in case of, under more favorable condition等。 34D7qR  
  the leadership of the party, we could not be living a happy today.=If there hadn’t been the leadership of the party, we could not be living a happy today. z: ;ZPSn  
  A. In spite of mQbpv'N  
  B. But for Bq l 5=p  
  C. Because of B}:/2?gQ  
  D. As for 答案选B。 Wzn!BgxRr  
  But that she was afraid, she would have said no. %2S+G?$M?  
  (2)连词,如:so that, unless, in case, supposing, lest, provided(倘若……),for fear that(唯恐),in order that, on condition that, if only(要是……就好了)等。 LR(Q.x  
  She listened carefully in order that she might discover exactly what he wante 5xS ze;  
  D.=if she listened carefully ,she might discover exactly what he wante b`9J1p.;  
  D. ,m HQ  
  If only I had more money, I could buy a car. 3PBGI o  
  (注:lest, for fear that 和 in case 引起的从句中谓语动词多用should+动词原形,但可以不用虚拟语气,而用动词的陈述语气形式。)例如: tc|`cB3f  
  The foreign teacher spoke slowly in case we misunderstood him. 这位外籍教师说得很慢以免我们听不懂。 Lddk:u&J  
  Care must be taken in using this method lest overflow should occur.在使用此法时要小心谨慎,以免会发生溢流现象。 u%s@B1j  
  (3)通过上下文及内在含义,句中往往有but, otherwise, unfortunately等类似转折词。 \ZOH3`vq  
  I thought the children when we returned home, but they were still awake. hoLQuh%2%  
  A. were sleeping z{>p<)h  
  B. would be sleeping 3Ilf lXb  
  C. had been sleeping pBbfU2p  
  D. would sleep选择 B。 ,Fv8&tR  
  (4)形容词及其比较级 H[x$65ND  
  A more careful person would not have made so many mistakes. yu~o9  
  A less conscientious man wouldn’t have tried so hard to get this job done. W5f|#{&L:  
  (5)分词短语 zK_+UT  
  Having known in time, we might have prevented the accident. 9_4bw9 A  
  Born ten days earlier, the boy could have seen his late father. y$Y*%D^w  
  (6)动词不定式短语。一般intended/meant/hoped/wished/planned 或 was/were+不定式完成式或had intended/meant/planned/hoped/wished/+不定式一般式表示虚拟。 v 0 3  
  I intended I should call on you, but I was busy at that time. c@&`!e  
  To hear him speak French, you would take him for an Englishman. P{gGvC,  
  She would be stupid not to accept his invitation. YWK|AT-4  
  It would be easier to do it this way. e r%D`VHe  
  (7)名词短语和名词+and结构 X%sMna)  
  A judicious man would not have committed suicide. WxrG o o^  
  A diligent student would have worked harder. nF#1B4b>  
  (8)独立主格结构 !%lcn O  
  All things considered, the price would be reasonable. ALO0yc  
  (9)定语从句 y+"6Y14  
  Anyone who had been in your position would have done the same. <| kS`y  
  A nation, which stopped working, would be dead in a fortnight. H[M(t^GM  
  (10)情态动词完成式暗示虚拟语气: ih[!v"bv  
  I should have called to make an airline reservation, but I didn’t. [v V5@nP:  
  The porter ought to have called the fire-brigade as soon as he saw the fire in the stock, which went up in smoke. &$V&gAN  
  (11)动词原形表示虚拟 EG &97l b  
  动词原形直接用在句子中也被看作是一种虚拟,最常见于正式文体中,动词原形一般用在条件从句中,有时倒装置于句首,同时这种用法也常见于独立句中表达愿望。 mV'XH  
  God bless you! GLpl  
  All magnets behave the same, be they large or small. QO;OeMQv%  
  She’ll be sixteen years odd, com May.(come May =when May come). 8rEUZk  
  If that be so, we shall take action at once {Y7dE?!`7  
[(kC/W)!  
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沙发  发表于: 2015-10-30   
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