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主题 : 2013年考博英语听力中影响理解的词组
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楼主  发表于: 2012-08-24   

2013年考博英语听力中影响理解的词组

1) a big time:尽兴,高兴的时刻 ZH<:YOQ  
e.g. I had a big time there. the big time:第一流,最高级 e.g. Don’t worry you are in the big time now. tuF hPqe {  
2) according to:按照,根据 }t^N|I  
e.g. They were commended or criticized according to their work. according as:随……而定 oSOO5dk:z  
e.g. The thermometer rises or falls according as the air is hot or cold. tgPx!5U  
3) admit to:承认 ~Yw`w 2  
e.g. I have to admit to a dislike for modern music. admit sb.(in) to:允许某人进入某地或加入某组织、行业 ,@1.&!F4it  
e.g. They have admitted me into their club. D< h+r?  
4) all for:完全赞成 }I1SC7gY  
e.g. I am all for holding a meeting to discuss it. for all:尽管 N=QeeAI}}m  
e.g. They could not open the box for all their forces. 9$u'2TV  
5) all in all:总的说来 z"@yE*6  
e.g. All in all it is a success. all in:疲倦,筋疲力尽 jeM/8~^4-  
e.g. He was all in but he stuck it out. 1b,,uI_  
6) as it is (was):照目前的情况来看 c3># .NP_  
e.g. As it is we shall be able to complete our task in time. as it were:可以说,姑且这样说 :q x d])-  
e.g. He is as it were a walking dictionary. Gs% cod  
7) as much as:几乎,实际上 !e}LB% zf  
e.g. By running away he as much as admitted that he had taken the money. as much…as:与……一样多 ;;2Yfn'`9  
e.g. It is as much our responsibility as yours. 2$g3ABfV  
8) as well:也,还是……为好 KfO$bmwmx  
e.g. He gave me advice and money as well. Since you have begun to do it you may as well finish it. as well as:不仅……而且,除……之外 &{Zt(%\ '  
e.g. With television we see a picture as well as hearing sound. Small towns as well as big cities are being rapidly industrialized. pa6.Tp>  
9) at one time从前某个时期 e.g. At one time we met frequently. at a time:每次,一次 sMq*X^z )?  
e.g. You can borrow only two books at a time. ~e ,D`Lv  
10) attach to:属于,归因于 =-r[ s%t &  
e.g. No blame attaches to him. attach oneself to:参加,加入 vT#$`M<  
e.g. He attached himself to the group of climbers. G8y:f%I!b  
11) be a credit to:为……增光 1q])"l"<  
e.g. I hope you will be a credit to your school. do credit to:为……增进荣誉 0jlwL  
e.g. This piece of work does credit to you. E0miX)AG  
12) bear in mind:记住 | Vtd !9  
e.g. I hope you will bear in mind all I am saying. have in mind:考虑 ]pZxbs&Vb  
e.g. Don’t give your confidence to others regarding the plan you have in mind. SxHj3,`#C  
13) begin with:以……为起点 vgc #IEx@  
e.g. He advised me to begin with something easy. to begin with:首先 F ;o ^.  
e.g. To begin with we must consider the problem from all sides. oA^aT:o +  
14) build up:逐步建成,增强 bOt6q/f  
e.g. They are trying hard to build up an independent economy. He went for an ocean voyage and built up his health. build on:以……为基础,依赖 eVobs2s  
e.g. Let’s build on your idea. We shall build on your supporting us. T+OQa+E@P  
15) by day:在白天 'w?*4H  
e.g. Most of them work by day and study by night. by the day:(指工作报酬等)按日计算 lzQmD/ i*  
1ke H1[  
e.g. Will you pay me by the day or by the hour? }/ p>DMN  
16) can but只好……罢了 qP"+SVqC  
e.g. We can but try to make him see how unreasonable he has been. cannot but:不得不,禁不住 _B@=fY(g!  
e.g. I cannot but tell her the truth.(=I cannot help telling her the truth) woctnT%"Q/  
17) come forth:出现,发行 K0|8h!WF+  
e.g. Many new things are coming forth.. Do you know that a set of new stamps has come forth? come forward:自告奋勇,提出供讨论 They have come forward with an offer to help. The matter was deferred at last evening’s meeting but will come forward at our next session. ~nQv yM!$  
18) compare … to比拟(指出其中的相似点) dE<}X7J%  
e.g. Man’s life is often compared to a candle. compare … with:把……和……相比(指出其不同之处) .Ulrv5wJ  
e.g. He compared his camera with mine. i`]-rM%J#  
19) consist in:包含在……中 wUGSM"~ |  
e.g. Happiness consists in good health. consist of:由……组成 7QXA*.' F  
e.g. The apartment consisted of two rooms and a kitchen. u!=9.3  
20) end on:两端相碰,正对 )ZU)$dJ>V  
e.g. The two ships collided each other end on. We shouldn’t place the bicycles end on. on end:竖着,连续地,不断地 ~i)m(65:  
e.g. Place the box on end. She often works for 20 hours on end. N$8do?  
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21) familiar to:某事为某人熟知 BoJYP  
dKs^Dq  
e.g. There were facts not familiar to me. familiar with:熟悉或通晓某事 9ANC,+0p  
ikr|P&e#u  
e.g. He is familiar with English German and French.. O}4(v#  
28 h3Ayw4  
22) feel for sb.:同情某人,为某人难过  U>0' K3_  
9.<dS  
e.g. I feel for you in your sorrow. feel for sth:(用手、脚、棍子等)摸索,寻找某物 }( x|  
[@SLt$9"  
e.g. She felt under the pillow for her watch aBo8?VV]8  
YeN /J.R  
23) for a moment:片刻,一会儿 Z3:M%)e_u$  
<SiD m-=E  
e.g. She was silent for a moment weighing in her mind the pros and cons. for the moment:此刻、暂时 HPc7Vo(  
KfC8~{O-  
e.g. I cannot recall his name for the moment. 4vri=P 2%  
^P5+ _P  
24) get down:下去,下来;写下来 rgQ6/3}qc  
qT`sPEs;V  
e.g. The bus was so jammed that I could not get down. Here’s the telephone number I got down for you. get down to:认真着手进行处理 #St=%!  
,@+ 7(W  
e.g. It is no good shirking the job it will have to be got down to. ,2Y P D4  
E)eRi"a46  
25) get into trouble with sb.:遭到某人的(训斥等) YkRv~bc1]  
"=cWcztiP  
e.g. Poor Tom is always getting into trouble with the boss. get sb. into trouble:使某人陷入困境 L nQm2uF  
J(BtGGU'  
e.g. The letter got me into trouble. 26) give sb. a hand:帮助某人或参与某人做某事 A >;Q<8rh  
,| gX?[o  
e.g. Give me a hand with the cleaning please. give sb. one’s hand:与某人握手 GF6c6TXF@  
;^5d^-T  
e.g. She gave me her hand and wished me a good trip. K6#9HF'2I  
N3P!<J/tc  
27) go through:检查,搜查;通过,穿过 gTz66a@i  
xkv2#"*v  
e.g. They went through our luggage at the customs. It took us a whole week to go through the great forest. go through with:把……坚持到底 )9~1XiS,  
\;0J6LBc  
e.g. We should go through with the experiment now we’ve started. l26DPtWi  
"j+zd&*={  
28) good for:有益于 !^Mk5E(  
TNs0^h)  
e.g. This book is good for your English study. for good:永久地 auOYi<<>W  
8 '=8!V  
e.g. The lost money was gone for good. 29) have a fancy for:爱好,喜爱 NTRw:'  
=Qt08,.bW  
e.g. She has a fancy for nice clothes. have a fancy that:猜想,认为 JTcK\t8  
QcyYTg4i  
e.g. I have a fancy that he will come tonight. xNG 'UbU  
vkE[Ur>  
30) head up:领头;领导 ZN)a}\]  
=>ooB/  
e.g. A band headed up the parade. Mr. Jones will head up the new business. heads up:注意,小心 r!eCfV7  
TGxspmY6  
e.g. Heads up now You can do better than that. Ro+/=*ql~  
sY?pp '}a  
31) in a way:在某种程度上 ZoJ:4uo N`  
'U<-w$!f+^  
e.g. In a way it is an important book. in the way:妨碍,挡路 I will visit you next weekend if there is nothing in the way. ^FSUK  
Zf<M14iM  
32) in black:穿黑色衣服 m ys5B}  
YH`/;H=$G/  
e.g. Arabian women are always dressed in black clothes. in the black:赢利,赚钱 New production methods put the company in the black. t0Q/vp*/  
x1)G!i  
33) in charge of:负责 DJ"O`qNV3  
sMAc+9G9k  
e.g. Who is in charge of this work? in the charge of:照护 WXj}gL`  
L|G!of[8n  
e.g. The patients are in the charge of the nurse. |Ia3bV W  
2-821Sf#h  
34) in hand:控制 <Vp7G%"'W  
X#mm Z;P  
e.g. There was a little rioting but the police soon had the situation in hand. hand in:递交,交给 11}fPWK  
.fxI)  
e.g. He handed in his resignation in protest against it. DB'pRo+U  
*a Y`[,4#$  
35) in one’s honor:向……表示敬意或感谢 #3maT*JY  
y wlN4=  
e.g. The day was kept as a holiday in honor of victory. on one’s honor:用人格担保 0N.tPF}  
h d1H  
e.g. We were on our honor not to cheat on the exam. '01H 8er  
XJnDx 09h  
36) in possession of:占有 wL,b.]  
~I6Er6$C^  
e.g. He is in possession of this house. in the possession of:被占有 )F 6#n&2  
VY8 p[`  
e.g. The keys are in the possession of the door keeper. MJ[#Gq\0R  
P%>? O :a  
37) in spirit:在内心,在精神上 NLM ]KT  
-bo2"*|m  
e.g. In spirit at least these laws were very fair. in spirits:情绪或心情(好、坏等) `pY\Mmgv1  
{e[S?1t=l  
e.g. He is in poor spirits because of his failing in the exam. cH6ie?KvAo  
,-A8;DW]^J  
38) keep up:继续,保持 !mK[kXo  
dC@aQi 6{6  
e.g. They entered into a correspondence which was kept up for almost ten years. keep up with:与……齐步前进,跟上 OxX{[|!`  
?_[xpK()  
e.g. With their help he has kept up with the class. 8WV1OIL  
=nOV!!  
39) look about:环视 TCp!4-~,  
"s2?cQv{#  
e.g. He looked about him with great interest. look about for:四处寻找 4vTO  #F  
c\UVMyE  
e.g. She was looking about for the key she had just lost. @Fqh]1t  
exV6&bdu  
40) look up:向上看 'P}"ZHW  
8YraW|H  
e.g. He looked up and nodded to me. look up to:尊敬 <Hhl=6op  
+Uq9C-Iu  
e.g. It must be rewarding to be looked up to by so many people. Y5=~>*e  
,T"pUeVJ  
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41) make one’s way:开路 )V JAs|  
M ! gX4  
e.g. As soon as he saw us the teacher made his way through the crowd to greet us. make one’s way to:向……走去 KoiU\r  
"%urT/F v&  
e.g. In the evening we made our way to the appointed meeting place. |`s}PcV  
wc)[r~On(5  
42) measure to:测量到某一精度 [ar:zl V8  
cGkl=-oQ'  
e.g. Measure this part to mm. measure up to:够得上,可以匹敌 +^gh3Y  
/}2 bsiJT  
e.g. The new techniques measure up to advanced world standard. )]J I Q"rR  
Y:^ =jV7  
43) more than:很,非常 _4o2AS:j  
cAyR)Y!I  
e.g. He was more than upset by the accident. more…than:比……更 ,M7sOp6}  
fj0+a0h  
e.g. I regarded her more highly than me. j6Jz  
y;0.P?Il"  
44) much as:虽然 78+H|bH8  
=d~]*[8  
e.g. Much as I should like to go I can’t go right now. as much:同样的或同样多少的 |rdG+ >  
wuzz Wq  
e.g. You have always helped me and I will always do as much for you. <B`}18x  
J}jK_  
45. no less than:不亚于,竟达……之多 "1%<IqpU+  
lx$Y-Tb^F  
e.g. There were no less than one hundred people at the meeting. not less than:不比……差,至少 XYod>[.x  
a47Btd'm  
e.g. There were not less than one hundred people at the meeting. 请大家注意区分以上两句的差别,第一句是指“竟达100人之多”,第二句则是“至少有100人”,要明白no less than是一种强调说法,它和not less than的区别在于事先假定的程度或是数量有所不同,no less than在某种意义上说来没有超过的意思,而not less than可能会超过,这种表达方式正好与no more than以及not more than相反。 ]~WP;o  
MFW?m,It)  
46. no more than:同样不;仅仅,只有 ~pzaX8!  
C^n L{ZP,  
e.g. This book is no more interesting than that one. It is no more than empty talk. not more than:不比……更,不如;至多 y{u6t 3  
{6 #3`  
e.g. He is not more clever than you are. There were not more than 5 factories in our city before liberation. 3;>(W  
R%#c~NOO  
47. on sale:出售的;廉价出售 07(E/A]  
$)n{}8^  
e.g. Many new farm tools are on sale in this store. I got this book on sale it was very cheap. for sale:出售的,上市的 ~;+i[Z&e  
&51/Pm2O  
e.g. I shall put these goods up for sale. 在作“出售的”的意思的时候,on sale和for sale还是有一些不同的,一般来说,for sale多指物主亲自或委托代理人经手出售,而on sale通常表示店里的货物是供出售的。 ` t6lnO  
1/cb;:h>  
48. once again:再一次 7]nPWz1%*  
>E]*5jqU  
e.g. I want to try this once again. once and again:一再 *r-Bt1  
+B8Ut{l  
e.g. I have told him once and again not to do that. Bs##3{ylu  
N.64aL|1  
49. out of question:毫无疑问,必定 RLKO0 #  
3M@>kIT8  
e.g. Out of question this plan can be fulfilled ahead of time. out of the question:不可能的 W/\7m\ B  
M  j5C0P(  
e.g. What you propose is out of the question.  vo::y"  
W2<X 5'  
50. refer to:提及,涉及 [;?^DAnK2  
}s)Z:6;(,q  
e.g. I would like to refer back to the first of my three points. refer to…as:称作,叫做 ;JZ XSM-3  
Q1jyetk~I  
e.g. Coal is often referred to as food for industry. 3R{-\ZMd  
TuF:m"4  
51. search sb.:认真搜查某人身体 5=?&q 'i  
] !A;-m  
e.g. They searched him but nothing was found on him. search for sb.:搜查某地为找到某人 hV,3xrm?P  
VLO>{"{'  
e.g. They searched for him everywhere but failed. p0tv@8C>  
\;?\@vo<  
52. settle down:落下;定居 b~Ruhi[E  
Gg!))I+  
e.g. The dust slowly settled down. He has settled down in the countryside. settle down to:专心致力于;逐渐习惯于 .Yf h*  
fC-^[Af)  
e.g. He settled down to his homework. They settled down to a new job. b9Y pUm7#  
gO/(/e>P  
53. speak for itself:不言而喻 uVk8KMYU   
QB.7n&u  
e.g. One does not to be told that this fact speaks for itself. speak for oneself:发表本人的意见 /Mk)H d  
h49Q2`  
e.g. What others think I do not know I can only speak for myself. nY8UJy}<oL  
)s8r(.W  
54. submit to:屈服于 ,qfa,O  
vr  vzV  
e.g. He has to submit to an operation. submit…to:提交 dL \8^L  
NV gLq@F  
e.g. They must submit the case to the court 3(&.[o Z  
Z-<u?f8{*  
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