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主题 : 2013年考博英语听力中影响理解的词组
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楼主  发表于: 2012-08-24   

2013年考博英语听力中影响理解的词组

1) a big time:尽兴,高兴的时刻 ^,ZvKA"}+/  
e.g. I had a big time there. the big time:第一流,最高级 e.g. Don’t worry you are in the big time now. W~+!"^<n  
2) according to:按照,根据 ] fwTi(4y  
e.g. They were commended or criticized according to their work. according as:随……而定 :`Zl\!]E`o  
e.g. The thermometer rises or falls according as the air is hot or cold. 9^C!,A{u4  
3) admit to:承认 >FE QtD~F  
e.g. I have to admit to a dislike for modern music. admit sb.(in) to:允许某人进入某地或加入某组织、行业 n_!]B_Vd$  
e.g. They have admitted me into their club. 4<eJ  
4) all for:完全赞成 .@/z-OgXg  
e.g. I am all for holding a meeting to discuss it. for all:尽管 x/jN& ;"/  
e.g. They could not open the box for all their forces. B#Oc8`1Y  
5) all in all:总的说来 40l#'< y;  
e.g. All in all it is a success. all in:疲倦,筋疲力尽 5  a*'N~  
e.g. He was all in but he stuck it out. |Z^c #R  
6) as it is (was):照目前的情况来看 w3]0 !) t1  
e.g. As it is we shall be able to complete our task in time. as it were:可以说,姑且这样说 i5~ /+~  
e.g. He is as it were a walking dictionary. v,x%^gv0  
7) as much as:几乎,实际上 [2H(yLwO  
e.g. By running away he as much as admitted that he had taken the money. as much…as:与……一样多 [0,q7d?"  
e.g. It is as much our responsibility as yours. me}Gb a  
8) as well:也,还是……为好 nD?M;XN  
e.g. He gave me advice and money as well. Since you have begun to do it you may as well finish it. as well as:不仅……而且,除……之外 uK&wS#uY  
e.g. With television we see a picture as well as hearing sound. Small towns as well as big cities are being rapidly industrialized. p6eDd" Y  
9) at one time从前某个时期 e.g. At one time we met frequently. at a time:每次,一次 {i7Fu+xZj  
e.g. You can borrow only two books at a time. g9r5t';  
10) attach to:属于,归因于 *mhw5Z=!  
e.g. No blame attaches to him. attach oneself to:参加,加入 |~" A:gf  
e.g. He attached himself to the group of climbers. yOCcp+`T}  
11) be a credit to:为……增光 o!_; H}pq  
e.g. I hope you will be a credit to your school. do credit to:为……增进荣誉 m=y,_Pz>U  
e.g. This piece of work does credit to you. z?) RF[  
12) bear in mind:记住 ,DUQto  
e.g. I hope you will bear in mind all I am saying. have in mind:考虑 n~>CE"q  
e.g. Don’t give your confidence to others regarding the plan you have in mind. y8WXp_\  
13) begin with:以……为起点 g #<?OFl  
e.g. He advised me to begin with something easy. to begin with:首先 {4jSj0W  
e.g. To begin with we must consider the problem from all sides. ^VYZ %  
14) build up:逐步建成,增强 2dJ)4  
e.g. They are trying hard to build up an independent economy. He went for an ocean voyage and built up his health. build on:以……为基础,依赖 lJQl$Wx^  
e.g. Let’s build on your idea. We shall build on your supporting us. J3}C T  
15) by day:在白天 }6{ )Jv  
e.g. Most of them work by day and study by night. by the day:(指工作报酬等)按日计算 !rmo*-=^=  
VqT[ca\  
e.g. Will you pay me by the day or by the hour? |q b92|?  
16) can but只好……罢了 d1_*!LW$  
e.g. We can but try to make him see how unreasonable he has been. cannot but:不得不,禁不住 8i$`oMv[y  
e.g. I cannot but tell her the truth.(=I cannot help telling her the truth) Ox1QP2t6Y  
17) come forth:出现,发行 @9P9U`Z P  
e.g. Many new things are coming forth.. Do you know that a set of new stamps has come forth? come forward:自告奋勇,提出供讨论 They have come forward with an offer to help. The matter was deferred at last evening’s meeting but will come forward at our next session. 3\~fe/z'I  
18) compare … to比拟(指出其中的相似点) v8(u9V%?6  
e.g. Man’s life is often compared to a candle. compare … with:把……和……相比(指出其不同之处) &IY_z0=  
e.g. He compared his camera with mine. /'^>-!8_1  
19) consist in:包含在……中 0s[3:bZ\Ia  
e.g. Happiness consists in good health. consist of:由……组成 7n]%` Yb  
e.g. The apartment consisted of two rooms and a kitchen. $d[:4h~  
20) end on:两端相碰,正对 A>@e pCD  
e.g. The two ships collided each other end on. We shouldn’t place the bicycles end on. on end:竖着,连续地,不断地 p arG  
e.g. Place the box on end. She often works for 20 hours on end. L uK m  
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21) familiar to:某事为某人熟知 $4,6&dwg  
63$m& ]x  
e.g. There were facts not familiar to me. familiar with:熟悉或通晓某事 NWj@iyi<  
c>.Xc[H  
e.g. He is familiar with English German and French.. 6>J #M  
yK3z3"1M?  
22) feel for sb.:同情某人,为某人难过 WQ`T'k#ESW  
q>X 2=&1  
e.g. I feel for you in your sorrow. feel for sth:(用手、脚、棍子等)摸索,寻找某物 E 3 .s8}}  
d5hE!=  
e.g. She felt under the pillow for her watch }FVX5/.'  
1fZ:^|\  
23) for a moment:片刻,一会儿 N3) v,S-  
J K^;-&  
e.g. She was silent for a moment weighing in her mind the pros and cons. for the moment:此刻、暂时 ?Q2pD!L{  
<X*8Xzmv  
e.g. I cannot recall his name for the moment. +6atbbe}   
@( l`_Wx  
24) get down:下去,下来;写下来 Y[4B{  
FO$Tn+\6  
e.g. The bus was so jammed that I could not get down. Here’s the telephone number I got down for you. get down to:认真着手进行处理 ZbUf|#GTB  
lH.2H  
e.g. It is no good shirking the job it will have to be got down to. !4:,,!T  
flqTx)xE  
25) get into trouble with sb.:遭到某人的(训斥等) 9j`-fs@:  
J7xmf,76w  
e.g. Poor Tom is always getting into trouble with the boss. get sb. into trouble:使某人陷入困境 KJ_R@,v\  
cx}-tj"m-  
e.g. The letter got me into trouble. 26) give sb. a hand:帮助某人或参与某人做某事 at!?"u  
{W] jVh p  
e.g. Give me a hand with the cleaning please. give sb. one’s hand:与某人握手 intf%T5#  
"L]_NS T  
e.g. She gave me her hand and wished me a good trip. kns]P<g  
+zsya4r  
27) go through:检查,搜查;通过,穿过 32yNEP{  
JN_# [S$  
e.g. They went through our luggage at the customs. It took us a whole week to go through the great forest. go through with:把……坚持到底 '#PT C,0UJ  
.FUE F)  
e.g. We should go through with the experiment now we’ve started. mX89^  
FWg 7 e3  
28) good for:有益于 q) *0G*  
7F.,Xvw&@  
e.g. This book is good for your English study. for good:永久地 E _K7.c4M  
,P}c92;  
e.g. The lost money was gone for good. 29) have a fancy for:爱好,喜爱 qb Q> z+c  
{Fj`'0Xu;  
e.g. She has a fancy for nice clothes. have a fancy that:猜想,认为 z2V!u\It  
' vwBG=9C  
e.g. I have a fancy that he will come tonight. >qE$:V "_5  
uyj5}F+O  
30) head up:领头;领导 ]Uu/1TTf  
d1-QkW^0y  
e.g. A band headed up the parade. Mr. Jones will head up the new business. heads up:注意,小心 =["GnL*!0  
.eE5pyw+C  
e.g. Heads up now You can do better than that. 5GKz@as8  
8PQt8G.  
31) in a way:在某种程度上 f =Nm2(e  
&b_duWs  
e.g. In a way it is an important book. in the way:妨碍,挡路 I will visit you next weekend if there is nothing in the way. 2h=RNU|  
KnuqU2< {  
32) in black:穿黑色衣服 ?^dyQhb  
t?\o sPL  
e.g. Arabian women are always dressed in black clothes. in the black:赢利,赚钱 New production methods put the company in the black. %vW@_A~  
H_{Yr+p  
33) in charge of:负责 uZfo[_g0S  
K&/W cuP &  
e.g. Who is in charge of this work? in the charge of:照护 8W{R&Z7aL  
=_5-z| <  
e.g. The patients are in the charge of the nurse. 2'D2>^os  
' `S,d[~  
34) in hand:控制 r_QWt1K  
BwR)--75  
e.g. There was a little rioting but the police soon had the situation in hand. hand in:递交,交给 k3&Wv  
|g~.]2az  
e.g. He handed in his resignation in protest against it. s\@! J.Da  
\Q]7Hw<  
35) in one’s honor:向……表示敬意或感谢 =cxjb,r  
-{HA+YL H  
e.g. The day was kept as a holiday in honor of victory. on one’s honor:用人格担保 `U(FdT  
YQ]W<0(  
e.g. We were on our honor not to cheat on the exam. ]`LMy t0  
Au9Rr3n  
36) in possession of:占有 Zf ;U=]R  
6:H@= fEv  
e.g. He is in possession of this house. in the possession of:被占有 4h-tR  
{q:6;yzxl  
e.g. The keys are in the possession of the door keeper. @I9A"4Im  
YH@^ 6Be9  
37) in spirit:在内心,在精神上 }5`Kn}rY  
QN":Qk(,q  
e.g. In spirit at least these laws were very fair. in spirits:情绪或心情(好、坏等) #>}cuC@  
+Y-Gp4"  
e.g. He is in poor spirits because of his failing in the exam. umI@ej+D  
b:2# 3;)  
38) keep up:继续,保持 51xiX90D  
p[>! ;qI  
e.g. They entered into a correspondence which was kept up for almost ten years. keep up with:与……齐步前进,跟上  (cx Q<5  
-a !?%  
e.g. With their help he has kept up with the class. y2KR^/LN|Y  
^ ? }-x  
39) look about:环视 /V0[Urc@  
;X, A|m$(  
e.g. He looked about him with great interest. look about for:四处寻找 ,N93H3(  
<- L}N '  
e.g. She was looking about for the key she had just lost. FN\*x:g  
evjj~xkte  
40) look up:向上看 #Pt_<?JtV  
}p5_JXBV  
e.g. He looked up and nodded to me. look up to:尊敬 gamE^Ee  
Ym%XCl  
e.g. It must be rewarding to be looked up to by so many people. AT%6K.  
>jz9o9?8  
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41) make one’s way:开路 R:4@a ':H  
,p{naT%R  
e.g. As soon as he saw us the teacher made his way through the crowd to greet us. make one’s way to:向……走去 )xq=V  
=p^$>o  
e.g. In the evening we made our way to the appointed meeting place. Sl/]1[|mb  
?VlGTMaS+  
42) measure to:测量到某一精度 DQ(0 :r  
O}>@G  
e.g. Measure this part to mm. measure up to:够得上,可以匹敌 D&i\dgbK  
 9u^M{6  
e.g. The new techniques measure up to advanced world standard. ,Kl:4 Tv  
( +Sv3h  
43) more than:很,非常 &Ts!#OcB,  
fX]`vjM{  
e.g. He was more than upset by the accident. more…than:比……更 Q7rBc wm5  
%cLS*=MO  
e.g. I regarded her more highly than me. .u>[m.  
{.542}A  
44) much as:虽然 ULqI]k(  
tPl 4'tW_  
e.g. Much as I should like to go I can’t go right now. as much:同样的或同样多少的 1^LdYO?g'  
5CZyA`3V^5  
e.g. You have always helped me and I will always do as much for you. TKM^  
h~7#$i  
45. no less than:不亚于,竟达……之多 kN.;;HFq#  
arDl2T,igF  
e.g. There were no less than one hundred people at the meeting. not less than:不比……差,至少 Rjq Xz6  
yI 2UmhA  
e.g. There were not less than one hundred people at the meeting. 请大家注意区分以上两句的差别,第一句是指“竟达100人之多”,第二句则是“至少有100人”,要明白no less than是一种强调说法,它和not less than的区别在于事先假定的程度或是数量有所不同,no less than在某种意义上说来没有超过的意思,而not less than可能会超过,这种表达方式正好与no more than以及not more than相反。 g35!a<JW  
=nHKTB>  
46. no more than:同样不;仅仅,只有 *mzi ?3  
i}VF$XN  
e.g. This book is no more interesting than that one. It is no more than empty talk. not more than:不比……更,不如;至多 \= v.$u"c  
1(-!TJ{  
e.g. He is not more clever than you are. There were not more than 5 factories in our city before liberation. Q]YB.n3   
X >8,C^~$1  
47. on sale:出售的;廉价出售 sFc\L94  
H:@hCO[a  
e.g. Many new farm tools are on sale in this store. I got this book on sale it was very cheap. for sale:出售的,上市的 B+K6(^j,,y  
moM? aYm  
e.g. I shall put these goods up for sale. 在作“出售的”的意思的时候,on sale和for sale还是有一些不同的,一般来说,for sale多指物主亲自或委托代理人经手出售,而on sale通常表示店里的货物是供出售的。 q#tUDxf(|  
V4+ |D2   
48. once again:再一次 ECOJ .^  
_#u\ar )  
e.g. I want to try this once again. once and again:一再 {V6&((E8  
c_3B:F7  
e.g. I have told him once and again not to do that. m\56BP-AM  
Co1d44Q  
49. out of question:毫无疑问,必定 `}EnY@*h  
L[x`i'0B  
e.g. Out of question this plan can be fulfilled ahead of time. out of the question:不可能的 `,qft[1  
#7]Jz.S  
e.g. What you propose is out of the question. i "h\*B=  
nGH6D2!F  
50. refer to:提及,涉及 0$*7lQ<a#M  
o;$xN3f,  
e.g. I would like to refer back to the first of my three points. refer to…as:称作,叫做 KqK]R6>  
PVIOe}N  
e.g. Coal is often referred to as food for industry. l7|z]v-  
j'D%eQI,V  
51. search sb.:认真搜查某人身体 YO$Ig:a#  
r fqwxr45h  
e.g. They searched him but nothing was found on him. search for sb.:搜查某地为找到某人 cnu&!>8V  
NiZfaC6V  
e.g. They searched for him everywhere but failed. 8ymdg\I+L  
dKzG,/1W[m  
52. settle down:落下;定居 |'h (S|  
1SExl U  
e.g. The dust slowly settled down. He has settled down in the countryside. settle down to:专心致力于;逐渐习惯于 t%:7W[_s  
jZA1fV  
e.g. He settled down to his homework. They settled down to a new job. `NIb? /!f  
o%_-u +  
53. speak for itself:不言而喻 Nf| 0O\+%y  
>V"{]v  
e.g. One does not to be told that this fact speaks for itself. speak for oneself:发表本人的意见 Qc7*p]E&  
i]ZGq7YJ%  
e.g. What others think I do not know I can only speak for myself. *j3 U+HV  
2xNR=u`  
54. submit to:屈服于 Qw0k-t0=4  
#:?:gY<  
e.g. He has to submit to an operation. submit…to:提交  tj;47UtH  
Oe Q[-e  
e.g. They must submit the case to the court TzKM~a#  
-b!?9T?}  
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