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主题 : 2013年考博英语听力中影响理解的词组
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楼主  发表于: 2012-08-24   


1) a big time:尽兴,高兴的时刻 f]W$4f {  
e.g. I had a big time there. the big time:第一流,最高级 e.g. Don’t worry you are in the big time now. /Fy2ZYs,`8  
2) according to:按照,根据 ~,3+]ts='\  
e.g. They were commended or criticized according to their work. according as:随……而定 U2 m86@E  
e.g. The thermometer rises or falls according as the air is hot or cold. 1O3"W;SR<:  
3) admit to:承认 bHZXMUewC  
e.g. I have to admit to a dislike for modern music. admit sb.(in) to:允许某人进入某地或加入某组织、行业 5V5Nx(31i  
e.g. They have admitted me into their club. g\^7Q  
4) all for:完全赞成 :ZX#w`Y  
e.g. I am all for holding a meeting to discuss it. for all:尽管 $L%gQkz_  
e.g. They could not open the box for all their forces. l&#&}3M  
5) all in all:总的说来 8WU_d`DF  
e.g. All in all it is a success. all in:疲倦,筋疲力尽 uvC ![j^~  
e.g. He was all in but he stuck it out. uflRW+-2  
6) as it is (was):照目前的情况来看 6+`+$s0  
e.g. As it is we shall be able to complete our task in time. as it were:可以说,姑且这样说 FbO\#p s  
e.g. He is as it were a walking dictionary. K;j}qJvsb  
7) as much as:几乎,实际上 0 ~K4vSa  
e.g. By running away he as much as admitted that he had taken the money. as much…as:与……一样多 ip.aM#  
e.g. It is as much our responsibility as yours. ~Y;_vU  
8) as well:也,还是……为好 /WqiGkHV*  
e.g. He gave me advice and money as well. Since you have begun to do it you may as well finish it. as well as:不仅……而且,除……之外 P(h[QAM  
e.g. With television we see a picture as well as hearing sound. Small towns as well as big cities are being rapidly industrialized. X'[93 C|K  
9) at one time从前某个时期 e.g. At one time we met frequently. at a time:每次,一次 h|m>JDxn  
e.g. You can borrow only two books at a time. =VXxQ\{  
10) attach to:属于,归因于 jiAKV0lX W  
e.g. No blame attaches to him. attach oneself to:参加,加入 4l)Q  
e.g. He attached himself to the group of climbers. lHl1Ny\?  
11) be a credit to:为……增光 aG&ay3[&  
e.g. I hope you will be a credit to your school. do credit to:为……增进荣誉 yex4A)n9"'  
e.g. This piece of work does credit to you. U`*L`PM  
12) bear in mind:记住 a[).'$S}'  
e.g. I hope you will bear in mind all I am saying. have in mind:考虑  a@mMa {  
e.g. Don’t give your confidence to others regarding the plan you have in mind. Dq$co1eT  
13) begin with:以……为起点 q,ur[ &<  
e.g. He advised me to begin with something easy. to begin with:首先 )2lzPK t  
e.g. To begin with we must consider the problem from all sides. &n 1 \^:  
14) build up:逐步建成,增强 83~9Xb=!\  
e.g. They are trying hard to build up an independent economy. He went for an ocean voyage and built up his health. build on:以……为基础,依赖 bi =IIVlH  
e.g. Let’s build on your idea. We shall build on your supporting us. e/S^Rx4W  
15) by day:在白天 >n!,KUu]  
e.g. Most of them work by day and study by night. by the day:(指工作报酬等)按日计算 aNcuT,=(?8  
dF (m!P/R  
e.g. Will you pay me by the day or by the hour? /C: rr_4=  
16) can but只好……罢了 4=b{k,kzgA  
e.g. We can but try to make him see how unreasonable he has been. cannot but:不得不,禁不住 ~sk{O%OI  
e.g. I cannot but tell her the truth.(=I cannot help telling her the truth) =5 zx]N1r  
17) come forth:出现,发行 moe5H  
e.g. Many new things are coming forth.. Do you know that a set of new stamps has come forth? come forward:自告奋勇,提出供讨论 They have come forward with an offer to help. The matter was deferred at last evening’s meeting but will come forward at our next session. Po+tk5}''5  
18) compare … to比拟(指出其中的相似点) h_w_OCC&2  
e.g. Man’s life is often compared to a candle. compare … with:把……和……相比(指出其不同之处) kVG]z t2  
e.g. He compared his camera with mine. fBZ\,  
19) consist in:包含在……中 n-% 8RV  
e.g. Happiness consists in good health. consist of:由……组成 c2$&pZ M  
e.g. The apartment consisted of two rooms and a kitchen. Y64B"J=P 9  
20) end on:两端相碰,正对 Ku  W$  
e.g. The two ships collided each other end on. We shouldn’t place the bicycles end on. on end:竖着,连续地,不断地 x>E**a?!L  
e.g. Place the box on end. She often works for 20 hours on end. :zL.dJwa  
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21) familiar to:某事为某人熟知 ]:Q7Gys  
e.g. There were facts not familiar to me. familiar with:熟悉或通晓某事 >QusXD"L>  
e.g. He is familiar with English German and French.. ,u,]ab  
22) feel for sb.:同情某人,为某人难过 zn |=Q$81  
e.g. I feel for you in your sorrow. feel for sth:(用手、脚、棍子等)摸索,寻找某物 `R}D@  
UeRx ^  
e.g. She felt under the pillow for her watch b W`@9 =E  
23) for a moment:片刻,一会儿 Cf_Ik  
e.g. She was silent for a moment weighing in her mind the pros and cons. for the moment:此刻、暂时 Z?%j5G=4w  
e.g. I cannot recall his name for the moment. l|-TGjsX  
24) get down:下去,下来;写下来 uTRa]D_q  
e.g. The bus was so jammed that I could not get down. Here’s the telephone number I got down for you. get down to:认真着手进行处理 JH~ve  
;8 ~`fK  
e.g. It is no good shirking the job it will have to be got down to. o} #nf$v(  
25) get into trouble with sb.:遭到某人的(训斥等) I`44}oJ  
e.g. Poor Tom is always getting into trouble with the boss. get sb. into trouble:使某人陷入困境 `8F%bc54iw  
e.g. The letter got me into trouble. 26) give sb. a hand:帮助某人或参与某人做某事 F9e$2J)C  
e.g. Give me a hand with the cleaning please. give sb. one’s hand:与某人握手 8w| j Z@  
e.g. She gave me her hand and wished me a good trip. A.vcE  
27) go through:检查,搜查;通过,穿过 uNnwz%w  
e.g. They went through our luggage at the customs. It took us a whole week to go through the great forest. go through with:把……坚持到底 >TsJ0E?3x  
e.g. We should go through with the experiment now we’ve started. 2 c'=^0:  
28) good for:有益于 mW 5L;>  
e.g. This book is good for your English study. for good:永久地 <uL?7P  
 | qHWM  
e.g. The lost money was gone for good. 29) have a fancy for:爱好,喜爱 g_] u<8&  
(k M\R|  
e.g. She has a fancy for nice clothes. have a fancy that:猜想,认为 j&fr4t3  
"JVz v U]  
e.g. I have a fancy that he will come tonight. m[oe$yH  
6kT l(+  
30) head up:领头;领导 D{.%Dr?  
e.g. A band headed up the parade. Mr. Jones will head up the new business. heads up:注意,小心 W\U zw,vI  
e.g. Heads up now You can do better than that. 8t}=?:B+{  
31) in a way:在某种程度上 7!oqn'#>A  
e.g. In a way it is an important book. in the way:妨碍,挡路 I will visit you next weekend if there is nothing in the way. l,*Q?q  
v_c'n pC  
32) in black:穿黑色衣服 (G PJ=r  
e.g. Arabian women are always dressed in black clothes. in the black:赢利,赚钱 New production methods put the company in the black. 7R) )(-  
5Tu#o ()  
33) in charge of:负责 tx5_e [  
e.g. Who is in charge of this work? in the charge of:照护 mZ/B:)_  
e.g. The patients are in the charge of the nurse. 0^ E!P>  
34) in hand:控制 y\0^c5}  
/mD KQ<  
e.g. There was a little rioting but the police soon had the situation in hand. hand in:递交,交给 ['s_qCA[  
e.g. He handed in his resignation in protest against it. 3l L:vD5(  
35) in one’s honor:向……表示敬意或感谢 ,s)~Y p?<  
e.g. The day was kept as a holiday in honor of victory. on one’s honor:用人格担保 !@YYi[Gk  
)<^ ~${$U  
e.g. We were on our honor not to cheat on the exam. \~?s= LT  
@tj0Ir v  
36) in possession of:占有 \ 3 LD^[qi  
e.g. He is in possession of this house. in the possession of:被占有 6op\g].P  
|Q I3H]T7  
e.g. The keys are in the possession of the door keeper. .86..1  
F 5JgR-P  
37) in spirit:在内心,在精神上 ):|)/ZiC'  
e.g. In spirit at least these laws were very fair. in spirits:情绪或心情(好、坏等) Wey\GQ`"8  
e.g. He is in poor spirits because of his failing in the exam. b,`\"'1  
38) keep up:继续,保持 uB^]5sqfk  
e.g. They entered into a correspondence which was kept up for almost ten years. keep up with:与……齐步前进,跟上 GbE3 :;JI  
e.g. With their help he has kept up with the class. kL3=7t^ 1  
39) look about:环视 kj#yG"3+  
e.g. He looked about him with great interest. look about for:四处寻找 $+);!?^|:  
e.g. She was looking about for the key she had just lost. ' #mC4\<W8  
40) look up:向上看 onlyvH4  
o MAK[$k;  
e.g. He looked up and nodded to me. look up to:尊敬 pZjFpd|  
e.g. It must be rewarding to be looked up to by so many people. F)IP~BE-k  
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41) make one’s way:开路 bsm,lx]bH^  
r U O{-R  
e.g. As soon as he saw us the teacher made his way through the crowd to greet us. make one’s way to:向……走去 5ZVTI,4K  
1 W u  
e.g. In the evening we made our way to the appointed meeting place. {JgN^R<5<f  
42) measure to:测量到某一精度 Exr 7vL  
% 8Z,t+'  
e.g. Measure this part to mm. measure up to:够得上,可以匹敌 qAS^5|(b[  
e.g. The new techniques measure up to advanced world standard. lu_Gr=#O  
43) more than:很,非常 v,&2 !Zv  
e.g. He was more than upset by the accident. more…than:比……更 lNb\^b  
e.g. I regarded her more highly than me. &[kgrRF@HU  
44) much as:虽然 }H=OVbQor  
,X^_w g  
e.g. Much as I should like to go I can’t go right now. as much:同样的或同样多少的 TXcKuo=  
e.g. You have always helped me and I will always do as much for you. h86={@Le  
45. no less than:不亚于,竟达……之多 1!3kAcBP  
$4 Uy3C+6  
e.g. There were no less than one hundred people at the meeting. not less than:不比……差,至少 / JB4#i7  
Wi^rnr'S s  
e.g. There were not less than one hundred people at the meeting. 请大家注意区分以上两句的差别,第一句是指“竟达100人之多”,第二句则是“至少有100人”,要明白no less than是一种强调说法,它和not less than的区别在于事先假定的程度或是数量有所不同,no less than在某种意义上说来没有超过的意思,而not less than可能会超过,这种表达方式正好与no more than以及not more than相反。 %%6 ('wi  
46. no more than:同样不;仅仅,只有 : !3y>bP)  
e.g. This book is no more interesting than that one. It is no more than empty talk. not more than:不比……更,不如;至多  2p>SB/  
e.g. He is not more clever than you are. There were not more than 5 factories in our city before liberation. ?(yFwR,(  
47. on sale:出售的;廉价出售 ~aAJn IO  
e.g. Many new farm tools are on sale in this store. I got this book on sale it was very cheap. for sale:出售的,上市的 UUu-(H-J  
e.g. I shall put these goods up for sale. 在作“出售的”的意思的时候,on sale和for sale还是有一些不同的,一般来说,for sale多指物主亲自或委托代理人经手出售,而on sale通常表示店里的货物是供出售的。 d~-p;i  
48. once again:再一次 2Fgt)`{!  
e.g. I want to try this once again. once and again:一再 P lH`(n#  
ir:~* |  
e.g. I have told him once and again not to do that. zK4 8vo  
49. out of question:毫无疑问,必定  5!jNL~M  
e.g. Out of question this plan can be fulfilled ahead of time. out of the question:不可能的 B36puz 0{  
.# 55u+d,  
e.g. What you propose is out of the question. Wk #h,p3  
$n Sh[ {  
50. refer to:提及,涉及 m+2`"1IE[  
e.g. I would like to refer back to the first of my three points. refer to…as:称作,叫做 D?yE$_3>c  
e.g. Coal is often referred to as food for industry. /CI%XocB  
51. search sb.:认真搜查某人身体 wK'!xH^  
&49$hF g6"  
e.g. They searched him but nothing was found on him. search for sb.:搜查某地为找到某人 KBw9(  
e.g. They searched for him everywhere but failed. gFs/012{  
52. settle down:落下;定居 AwXt @!(  
e.g. The dust slowly settled down. He has settled down in the countryside. settle down to:专心致力于;逐渐习惯于 %8bzs?QI  
e.g. He settled down to his homework. They settled down to a new job. 8VuZ,!WH#  
53. speak for itself:不言而喻 w=D%D8 r2  
e.g. One does not to be told that this fact speaks for itself. speak for oneself:发表本人的意见 b H"}w$!>r  
NSS4v tA  
e.g. What others think I do not know I can only speak for myself. J 0Hm)*  
54. submit to:屈服于 J3~hzgY  
e.g. He has to submit to an operation. submit…to:提交 ]l=O%Ev  
e.g. They must submit the case to the court 'h^-t^:<>b  

3+5=? 正确答案:8