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主题 : 2013年考博英语听力中影响理解的词组
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楼主  发表于: 2012-08-24   

2013年考博英语听力中影响理解的词组

1) a big time:尽兴,高兴的时刻 ~H@+D}J?  
e.g. I had a big time there. the big time:第一流,最高级 e.g. Don’t worry you are in the big time now. |E/L.gdP7  
2) according to:按照,根据 \Mx JH[  
e.g. They were commended or criticized according to their work. according as:随……而定 GtI6[ :1t  
e.g. The thermometer rises or falls according as the air is hot or cold. NSLVD[yT  
3) admit to:承认 @y~P& HUN  
e.g. I have to admit to a dislike for modern music. admit sb.(in) to:允许某人进入某地或加入某组织、行业 &b C}3D  
e.g. They have admitted me into their club. =F%RLpNU4  
4) all for:完全赞成 (hZ:X)E>  
e.g. I am all for holding a meeting to discuss it. for all:尽管 nZvU 'k:  
e.g. They could not open the box for all their forces. f5dR 5G  
5) all in all:总的说来 U :9=3A2$x  
e.g. All in all it is a success. all in:疲倦,筋疲力尽 m24v@?*  
e.g. He was all in but he stuck it out. Zy]s`aa  
6) as it is (was):照目前的情况来看 Q2'eQ0W{ o  
e.g. As it is we shall be able to complete our task in time. as it were:可以说,姑且这样说 }#N]0I)JI  
e.g. He is as it were a walking dictionary. p%RUHN3G[  
7) as much as:几乎,实际上 mb\t/p  
e.g. By running away he as much as admitted that he had taken the money. as much…as:与……一样多 8cr NOZS6  
e.g. It is as much our responsibility as yours. iK}v`xq  
8) as well:也,还是……为好 /(6zsq'v|  
e.g. He gave me advice and money as well. Since you have begun to do it you may as well finish it. as well as:不仅……而且,除……之外 t3F?>G#y  
e.g. With television we see a picture as well as hearing sound. Small towns as well as big cities are being rapidly industrialized. $iJnxqn  
9) at one time从前某个时期 e.g. At one time we met frequently. at a time:每次,一次 N=ifIVc  
e.g. You can borrow only two books at a time. _-a|VTM  
10) attach to:属于,归因于 1$["79k  
e.g. No blame attaches to him. attach oneself to:参加,加入 }$)&{d G  
e.g. He attached himself to the group of climbers. &:vsc Ol  
11) be a credit to:为……增光 ?V+wjw  
e.g. I hope you will be a credit to your school. do credit to:为……增进荣誉 F3 f@9@b   
e.g. This piece of work does credit to you. kEAhTh&g*  
12) bear in mind:记住 %h*5xB]Tt  
e.g. I hope you will bear in mind all I am saying. have in mind:考虑 0 BC`iql5  
e.g. Don’t give your confidence to others regarding the plan you have in mind. Ow3a0cF[9  
13) begin with:以……为起点 xii$e  
e.g. He advised me to begin with something easy. to begin with:首先 IA4+ad'\E  
e.g. To begin with we must consider the problem from all sides. XtW_  
14) build up:逐步建成,增强 SI_?~Pf3k  
e.g. They are trying hard to build up an independent economy. He went for an ocean voyage and built up his health. build on:以……为基础,依赖 A+2oh3  
e.g. Let’s build on your idea. We shall build on your supporting us. |BJqy/  
15) by day:在白天 qBiyGlu4  
e.g. Most of them work by day and study by night. by the day:(指工作报酬等)按日计算 zlMlMyG4  
Ki 3_N*z  
e.g. Will you pay me by the day or by the hour? ((9YG  
16) can but只好……罢了 W"O-L  
e.g. We can but try to make him see how unreasonable he has been. cannot but:不得不,禁不住 yM17H\=  
e.g. I cannot but tell her the truth.(=I cannot help telling her the truth) NEg>lIu<~  
17) come forth:出现,发行 Xoi9d1fO  
e.g. Many new things are coming forth.. Do you know that a set of new stamps has come forth? come forward:自告奋勇,提出供讨论 They have come forward with an offer to help. The matter was deferred at last evening’s meeting but will come forward at our next session. }z{wQ\  
18) compare … to比拟(指出其中的相似点) J(hA^;8:  
e.g. Man’s life is often compared to a candle. compare … with:把……和……相比(指出其不同之处) 9TW8o}k`  
e.g. He compared his camera with mine. ]c,l5u}A$  
19) consist in:包含在……中 ~._ko  
e.g. Happiness consists in good health. consist of:由……组成 Q %y,;N"ro  
e.g. The apartment consisted of two rooms and a kitchen. R}.3|0  
20) end on:两端相碰,正对 S ]b xQa+  
e.g. The two ships collided each other end on. We shouldn’t place the bicycles end on. on end:竖着,连续地,不断地 u!u5g.Q  
e.g. Place the box on end. She often works for 20 hours on end. :'ihE\j  
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21) familiar to:某事为某人熟知 <\Vi,,  
pbFYiu+  
e.g. There were facts not familiar to me. familiar with:熟悉或通晓某事 2$  
BZ}`4W'  
e.g. He is familiar with English German and French.. oN4G1U Kc  
u5/t2}^T  
22) feel for sb.:同情某人,为某人难过 H[Cj7{V  
q< b"M$  
e.g. I feel for you in your sorrow. feel for sth:(用手、脚、棍子等)摸索,寻找某物 {dDq*s Lf  
%5`r- F  
e.g. She felt under the pillow for her watch T4vogoy  
{GAsFnZk  
23) for a moment:片刻,一会儿 ]u~Os<   
e{:86C!d)  
e.g. She was silent for a moment weighing in her mind the pros and cons. for the moment:此刻、暂时 g&q^.7c}  
N:twq&[Y  
e.g. I cannot recall his name for the moment. bd.j,4^  
_ \_3s  
24) get down:下去,下来;写下来 L,O>6~9:^1  
,!jR:nApE  
e.g. The bus was so jammed that I could not get down. Here’s the telephone number I got down for you. get down to:认真着手进行处理 MPqY?KF  
/j$$0F>s7  
e.g. It is no good shirking the job it will have to be got down to. >\Z lZ  
N'I?fWN!;R  
25) get into trouble with sb.:遭到某人的(训斥等) r$94J'_  
ZDW,7b% U  
e.g. Poor Tom is always getting into trouble with the boss. get sb. into trouble:使某人陷入困境 [kVpzpGr  
[SKP|`I>I  
e.g. The letter got me into trouble. 26) give sb. a hand:帮助某人或参与某人做某事 \MfR #k0  
e6Wl7&@6  
e.g. Give me a hand with the cleaning please. give sb. one’s hand:与某人握手 Ar\IZ_Q  
8[vl 3C  
e.g. She gave me her hand and wished me a good trip. kt;}]O2%R  
Rc$=+K#  
27) go through:检查,搜查;通过,穿过 W ]a7&S  
y.L|rRe@P  
e.g. They went through our luggage at the customs. It took us a whole week to go through the great forest. go through with:把……坚持到底 9OE_?R0c!  
r0rJ.}!  
e.g. We should go through with the experiment now we’ve started. T3=-UYx]  
gvow\9{|C  
28) good for:有益于 BiVd ka  
ZE5-i@1  
e.g. This book is good for your English study. for good:永久地 3Yn:fsy  
|;x fe"]  
e.g. The lost money was gone for good. 29) have a fancy for:爱好,喜爱 :< KSf#O  
jM|YW*zNZ  
e.g. She has a fancy for nice clothes. have a fancy that:猜想,认为 a!s.850@  
<z~2 d  
e.g. I have a fancy that he will come tonight. (h'$3~  
/6Jy'"+'0  
30) head up:领头;领导 .j'@K+< 45  
*!wO:< -  
e.g. A band headed up the parade. Mr. Jones will head up the new business. heads up:注意,小心 GN~[xXJU  
\4]zNV ~x  
e.g. Heads up now You can do better than that. +=,4@I%  
`\WcF7  
31) in a way:在某种程度上 lE VQA*u[  
V'f&JQ A  
e.g. In a way it is an important book. in the way:妨碍,挡路 I will visit you next weekend if there is nothing in the way. 0C"PC:h5  
E)rOlh7  
32) in black:穿黑色衣服 ]ft~OqLg!  
N4Fy8qU;  
e.g. Arabian women are always dressed in black clothes. in the black:赢利,赚钱 New production methods put the company in the black. B~ 'VDOG$Z  
/z.7: <gZ(  
33) in charge of:负责 D=q;+,Pc  
tehI!->l  
e.g. Who is in charge of this work? in the charge of:照护 $jUS[.S_|I  
u]>>B>KOJ7  
e.g. The patients are in the charge of the nurse. 67K RM(S  
avbr7 X(  
34) in hand:控制 SCt=OdP=  
F`ZIc7(.{  
e.g. There was a little rioting but the police soon had the situation in hand. hand in:递交,交给 P!4{#'_}  
;o w~vO,x  
e.g. He handed in his resignation in protest against it. %t5BB$y  
#pm-nU%|_j  
35) in one’s honor:向……表示敬意或感谢 r PRuSk-f  
tci%=3,)  
e.g. The day was kept as a holiday in honor of victory. on one’s honor:用人格担保 &T|&D[@  
BJ.8OU*9]S  
e.g. We were on our honor not to cheat on the exam. afP&+ 5t@O  
|q.:hWYFpM  
36) in possession of:占有 Jn <^Q7N  
l SVW}t  
e.g. He is in possession of this house. in the possession of:被占有 ,O&PLr8cJ?  
vX0I^ 8.  
e.g. The keys are in the possession of the door keeper. g0:4zeL  
i\Q"a B"r  
37) in spirit:在内心,在精神上 h@m n GE  
kj3o 1 Y  
e.g. In spirit at least these laws were very fair. in spirits:情绪或心情(好、坏等) 6nWx>R<  
.dKRIFo  
e.g. He is in poor spirits because of his failing in the exam. wq_oh*"  
C"Y]W-Mgg  
38) keep up:继续,保持 72`/xryY  
9X {nJ"  
e.g. They entered into a correspondence which was kept up for almost ten years. keep up with:与……齐步前进,跟上 ]-5jgz"  
5 *pN<S  
e.g. With their help he has kept up with the class. mv%:[+!  
`w=H'"Zv  
39) look about:环视 ]z q_gV8k  
}B '*8^S  
e.g. He looked about him with great interest. look about for:四处寻找 d,rEEc Y  
hC, -9c  
e.g. She was looking about for the key she had just lost. G* ~*2>~  
eW*ae;-  
40) look up:向上看 oJJ k  
:0j`yo:w  
e.g. He looked up and nodded to me. look up to:尊敬 T!xy^n]}  
rUpAiZfz >  
e.g. It must be rewarding to be looked up to by so many people. ~W*j^+T"  
p,u<g JUL  
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41) make one’s way:开路 N5Mz=UgB  
BI^]juH-c  
e.g. As soon as he saw us the teacher made his way through the crowd to greet us. make one’s way to:向……走去 !K~$ -jlT  
Hpg;?xAT  
e.g. In the evening we made our way to the appointed meeting place. (<JDD]J  
3 DHA^9<q  
42) measure to:测量到某一精度 2\tjeg  
;/q6^Nk3A  
e.g. Measure this part to mm. measure up to:够得上,可以匹敌 7<o;3gR7Kj  
4^ 6L])y  
e.g. The new techniques measure up to advanced world standard. T`ZJ=gv  
X@q1;J  
43) more than:很,非常 *+Q*&-$  
K/+C6Y?  
e.g. He was more than upset by the accident. more…than:比……更 ",V5*1w  
f:&OOD o  
e.g. I regarded her more highly than me. M #&L@fg!  
2I 7`  
44) much as:虽然 $QBUnLOek&  
a`iAA1HJ  
e.g. Much as I should like to go I can’t go right now. as much:同样的或同样多少的 N4jLbnA  
Z`c{LYP,y"  
e.g. You have always helped me and I will always do as much for you. !z 5d+ M  
lB~'7r`  
45. no less than:不亚于,竟达……之多 dKpa5f7  
A_|FsQ6$P  
e.g. There were no less than one hundred people at the meeting. not less than:不比……差,至少 A'(F%0NF6  
Vp{2Z9]}  
e.g. There were not less than one hundred people at the meeting. 请大家注意区分以上两句的差别,第一句是指“竟达100人之多”,第二句则是“至少有100人”,要明白no less than是一种强调说法,它和not less than的区别在于事先假定的程度或是数量有所不同,no less than在某种意义上说来没有超过的意思,而not less than可能会超过,这种表达方式正好与no more than以及not more than相反。 s2=X>,kz?  
Y{tu aBzD  
46. no more than:同样不;仅仅,只有 bR,Iq}p  
-V/i%_+Ze  
e.g. This book is no more interesting than that one. It is no more than empty talk. not more than:不比……更,不如;至多 M6#(F7hB  
S6tH!Z=(g  
e.g. He is not more clever than you are. There were not more than 5 factories in our city before liberation. }h6z&:qA[?  
F &}V65  
47. on sale:出售的;廉价出售 26K~m@  
SH|$Dg  
e.g. Many new farm tools are on sale in this store. I got this book on sale it was very cheap. for sale:出售的,上市的 zAUfd[g  
b.;}Hq>  
e.g. I shall put these goods up for sale. 在作“出售的”的意思的时候,on sale和for sale还是有一些不同的,一般来说,for sale多指物主亲自或委托代理人经手出售,而on sale通常表示店里的货物是供出售的。 ?='9YM  
[Cp{i<C  
48. once again:再一次 1hij4m$b  
[F EQ@  
e.g. I want to try this once again. once and again:一再 \]%U?`A  
HCK4h DKo}  
e.g. I have told him once and again not to do that. }*.*{I  
qr6jn14.c  
49. out of question:毫无疑问,必定 UXHFti/A<  
E:k?*l  
e.g. Out of question this plan can be fulfilled ahead of time. out of the question:不可能的 0aWb s$FyU  
}DaYO\:yK*  
e.g. What you propose is out of the question. yk2j&}M  
Z]BR Mx  
50. refer to:提及,涉及 z, [ +  
)K~nZLULY  
e.g. I would like to refer back to the first of my three points. refer to…as:称作,叫做 ]U%Tm>s.  
sSUd;BYf  
e.g. Coal is often referred to as food for industry. qa6~N3*  
YSyW '~!b  
51. search sb.:认真搜查某人身体 }R$%MU5::  
.U_=LV]C  
e.g. They searched him but nothing was found on him. search for sb.:搜查某地为找到某人 G>x0}c  
s8Oz^5p(  
e.g. They searched for him everywhere but failed. \`C3;}o:"P  
"Q1hP9xV  
52. settle down:落下;定居 FhGbQJ?[3  
2lRZ/xaF%P  
e.g. The dust slowly settled down. He has settled down in the countryside. settle down to:专心致力于;逐渐习惯于 JK4  @  
2dfA}i>k  
e.g. He settled down to his homework. They settled down to a new job. )Pq.kn{Sp  
o;fQ,r P%  
53. speak for itself:不言而喻 5 *_#"  
@kw=0  
e.g. One does not to be told that this fact speaks for itself. speak for oneself:发表本人的意见 U*cj'`eqC  
,P^"X5$   
e.g. What others think I do not know I can only speak for myself. !?{5ET,gtN  
a'BBp6  
54. submit to:屈服于 *L=C Jg  
* 7C I q  
e.g. He has to submit to an operation. submit…to:提交 \;}dS SB1  
o%:eYl  
e.g. They must submit the case to the court o&=m]hKpQl  
;I>`!|mT  
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