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主题 : 2013年考博英语听力中影响理解的词组
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楼主  发表于: 2012-08-24   

2013年考博英语听力中影响理解的词组

1) a big time:尽兴,高兴的时刻 pgz3d{]ua  
e.g. I had a big time there. the big time:第一流,最高级 e.g. Don’t worry you are in the big time now. FV^CSaN[R  
2) according to:按照,根据 Rt~Aud[  
e.g. They were commended or criticized according to their work. according as:随……而定 Nk=F.fp|/  
e.g. The thermometer rises or falls according as the air is hot or cold. x-+[gNc 6  
3) admit to:承认 j~c7nWfX  
e.g. I have to admit to a dislike for modern music. admit sb.(in) to:允许某人进入某地或加入某组织、行业 >U~.I2sz  
e.g. They have admitted me into their club. =" K;3a`GI  
4) all for:完全赞成 xjOy3_Js  
e.g. I am all for holding a meeting to discuss it. for all:尽管 "lLt=s2>L  
e.g. They could not open the box for all their forces. R[ S*ON  
5) all in all:总的说来 k\_>/)g  
e.g. All in all it is a success. all in:疲倦,筋疲力尽 * JGm  
e.g. He was all in but he stuck it out. 0TU~Q  
6) as it is (was):照目前的情况来看 hZI9*= `,"  
e.g. As it is we shall be able to complete our task in time. as it were:可以说,姑且这样说 o*97Nbjn  
e.g. He is as it were a walking dictionary. g. f!Uc{  
7) as much as:几乎,实际上 ,HS\ (Z  
e.g. By running away he as much as admitted that he had taken the money. as much…as:与……一样多 R6dw#;6{I  
e.g. It is as much our responsibility as yours. qhV DC  
8) as well:也,还是……为好 oTo'? E#  
e.g. He gave me advice and money as well. Since you have begun to do it you may as well finish it. as well as:不仅……而且,除……之外 U jVo "K  
e.g. With television we see a picture as well as hearing sound. Small towns as well as big cities are being rapidly industrialized. ~$#DB@b  
9) at one time从前某个时期 e.g. At one time we met frequently. at a time:每次,一次 AM##:4   
e.g. You can borrow only two books at a time. ! Qrlb>1z-  
10) attach to:属于,归因于 iKV;>gF,)v  
e.g. No blame attaches to him. attach oneself to:参加,加入 ] =b?^'  
e.g. He attached himself to the group of climbers. VJD$nh #M5  
11) be a credit to:为……增光 >!E:$;i@  
e.g. I hope you will be a credit to your school. do credit to:为……增进荣誉 td q;D  
e.g. This piece of work does credit to you. jnt0,y A  
12) bear in mind:记住 MR%M[SK1  
e.g. I hope you will bear in mind all I am saying. have in mind:考虑 =Xm [  
e.g. Don’t give your confidence to others regarding the plan you have in mind. 3nd02: GF  
13) begin with:以……为起点 vuuID24:  
e.g. He advised me to begin with something easy. to begin with:首先 rj$u_y3S*  
e.g. To begin with we must consider the problem from all sides. ~6!=_"  
14) build up:逐步建成,增强 t?28s/?  
e.g. They are trying hard to build up an independent economy. He went for an ocean voyage and built up his health. build on:以……为基础,依赖 $q DH  
e.g. Let’s build on your idea. We shall build on your supporting us. ?YXl.yj  
15) by day:在白天 ;W?e@ Lgxk  
e.g. Most of them work by day and study by night. by the day:(指工作报酬等)按日计算 ,bmiIW%  
nE]R0|4h  
e.g. Will you pay me by the day or by the hour? LH]nJdq?)  
16) can but只好……罢了 eN>=x40  
e.g. We can but try to make him see how unreasonable he has been. cannot but:不得不,禁不住 S#!PDg  
e.g. I cannot but tell her the truth.(=I cannot help telling her the truth) q{ @>2AlK  
17) come forth:出现,发行 Y!i4P#4+q  
e.g. Many new things are coming forth.. Do you know that a set of new stamps has come forth? come forward:自告奋勇,提出供讨论 They have come forward with an offer to help. The matter was deferred at last evening’s meeting but will come forward at our next session. /,2Em>  
18) compare … to比拟(指出其中的相似点) `iv,aQ '  
e.g. Man’s life is often compared to a candle. compare … with:把……和……相比(指出其不同之处) r4Pm i  
e.g. He compared his camera with mine. RFDwL~-p  
19) consist in:包含在……中 J.?6a:#bU/  
e.g. Happiness consists in good health. consist of:由……组成 b,D+1'  
e.g. The apartment consisted of two rooms and a kitchen. pb$U~TvzhM  
20) end on:两端相碰,正对 $oq&uL  
e.g. The two ships collided each other end on. We shouldn’t place the bicycles end on. on end:竖着,连续地,不断地 vhT te |(  
e.g. Place the box on end. She often works for 20 hours on end. u_e}m>[S  
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21) familiar to:某事为某人熟知 hCc_+/j|  
 z4&|~-m,  
e.g. There were facts not familiar to me. familiar with:熟悉或通晓某事 fN?HF'7V  
zK}$W73W^  
e.g. He is familiar with English German and French.. V!DQ_T+a  
]{0 2!  
22) feel for sb.:同情某人,为某人难过 Nf}G "!  
3O:Z;YP:<  
e.g. I feel for you in your sorrow. feel for sth:(用手、脚、棍子等)摸索,寻找某物 yw{GO([ZQ  
}Rt?p8p  
e.g. She felt under the pillow for her watch ql2>C.k3L  
n* 9)Y~  
23) for a moment:片刻,一会儿 MJt?^G (w?  
J3oH^  
e.g. She was silent for a moment weighing in her mind the pros and cons. for the moment:此刻、暂时 a^@6hC>sr  
eXc`"T,C.  
e.g. I cannot recall his name for the moment. }(hx$G^M  
`$AX!,<!G  
24) get down:下去,下来;写下来 TXv3@/>ZlG  
l7ZqkGG]  
e.g. The bus was so jammed that I could not get down. Here’s the telephone number I got down for you. get down to:认真着手进行处理 l <Tkg9  
!.?2zp~  
e.g. It is no good shirking the job it will have to be got down to. N41)? -7F  
?rKewdGY  
25) get into trouble with sb.:遭到某人的(训斥等) ^{T]sv  
MD1n+FgTu  
e.g. Poor Tom is always getting into trouble with the boss. get sb. into trouble:使某人陷入困境 @dvlSqm)  
(OLjE]9;  
e.g. The letter got me into trouble. 26) give sb. a hand:帮助某人或参与某人做某事 pV9$Vg?-H  
DJ dW$S7  
e.g. Give me a hand with the cleaning please. give sb. one’s hand:与某人握手 hbl:~O&a/  
)>QpR8 G-  
e.g. She gave me her hand and wished me a good trip. &GGJ=c\  
fa//~$#"{L  
27) go through:检查,搜查;通过,穿过 Cvry8B  
)"/.2S;  
e.g. They went through our luggage at the customs. It took us a whole week to go through the great forest. go through with:把……坚持到底 $Ypt /`  
Q bjO*:c4  
e.g. We should go through with the experiment now we’ve started. w[YiH $  
uD0T()J.P5  
28) good for:有益于 ` $*I%oT;  
(HbA?Aja  
e.g. This book is good for your English study. for good:永久地 8s16yuM  
C jISU$O  
e.g. The lost money was gone for good. 29) have a fancy for:爱好,喜爱 \f\ CK@  
L{1MyR7`I+  
e.g. She has a fancy for nice clothes. have a fancy that:猜想,认为 JN)@bP  
!k@ (}CN_*  
e.g. I have a fancy that he will come tonight. x7J8z\b"O  
{P')$f)  
30) head up:领头;领导 /|Z_Dy  
znnnqR0us  
e.g. A band headed up the parade. Mr. Jones will head up the new business. heads up:注意,小心 V1di#i:  
`& ufdn\j  
e.g. Heads up now You can do better than that. 3MX&%_wUhB  
 B0 E`C  
31) in a way:在某种程度上 n=Ze p{^  
USd7g Oq(  
e.g. In a way it is an important book. in the way:妨碍,挡路 I will visit you next weekend if there is nothing in the way. rf?%- X(V  
M/?eDW/  
32) in black:穿黑色衣服 (;VlK#rnC  
59Lc-JJ  
e.g. Arabian women are always dressed in black clothes. in the black:赢利,赚钱 New production methods put the company in the black. ~(*2 :9*0  
56w uk [)  
33) in charge of:负责 fofYe0z  
#{_iNra9  
e.g. Who is in charge of this work? in the charge of:照护 ?_ 476A  
z@I'Ryalyc  
e.g. The patients are in the charge of the nurse. AjVX  
9$k0  
34) in hand:控制 eWWqK9B.-  
7+9o<j@@o  
e.g. There was a little rioting but the police soon had the situation in hand. hand in:递交,交给 rMWJ  
)Fgu'  
e.g. He handed in his resignation in protest against it. igx~6G*  
NC%96gfD  
35) in one’s honor:向……表示敬意或感谢 HmiG%1+{A  
S86,m =  
e.g. The day was kept as a holiday in honor of victory. on one’s honor:用人格担保 `G0k)eW  
7Q^p|;~a  
e.g. We were on our honor not to cheat on the exam. !He_f-eZ  
c=,HLHpFO(  
36) in possession of:占有 Jxf>!\:AZu  
|'Z+`HI  
e.g. He is in possession of this house. in the possession of:被占有 gky+.EP.  
QLH!>9Ch  
e.g. The keys are in the possession of the door keeper. r]@T9\9  
5S<Rz)1r  
37) in spirit:在内心,在精神上 C7O8B;  
tD* k   
e.g. In spirit at least these laws were very fair. in spirits:情绪或心情(好、坏等) 5tyA{&Ao  
 zo1T`"Y  
e.g. He is in poor spirits because of his failing in the exam. 5,-g^o7  
yAAV,?:o[  
38) keep up:继续,保持 (gnN </%  
Iprt ZqiL  
e.g. They entered into a correspondence which was kept up for almost ten years. keep up with:与……齐步前进,跟上 hraR:l D  
6cd!;Ca  
e.g. With their help he has kept up with the class. oi m7=I0  
I{ Ip  
39) look about:环视 +oh|r'~  
^vxx]Hji  
e.g. He looked about him with great interest. look about for:四处寻找 (/2rj[F&  
wo+`WnDh  
e.g. She was looking about for the key she had just lost. \pk9i+t  
,ss"s3  
40) look up:向上看 xT+#K5  
=/}Rnl+c  
e.g. He looked up and nodded to me. look up to:尊敬 T;5VNRgpI  
0Ix,c(%  
e.g. It must be rewarding to be looked up to by so many people. "f8,9@  
 3b\s ;!  
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41) make one’s way:开路 vs$h&o>|  
4CchE15  
e.g. As soon as he saw us the teacher made his way through the crowd to greet us. make one’s way to:向……走去 GApvRR+Z  
50dN~(;p  
e.g. In the evening we made our way to the appointed meeting place. %,1TAmJfHa  
A4|7^Ay  
42) measure to:测量到某一精度 {ZSAPq4)L  
5x|$q kI  
e.g. Measure this part to mm. measure up to:够得上,可以匹敌 c~/poFj  
<m^a ?q^  
e.g. The new techniques measure up to advanced world standard. I L7kpH+y  
Xs|d#WbX  
43) more than:很,非常 F WU >WHX  
AcEz$wy  
e.g. He was more than upset by the accident. more…than:比……更 4YI6&  
Nt_sV7zzb  
e.g. I regarded her more highly than me. a * CXg.i  
r_+!3   
44) much as:虽然 J @~g>   
j@#RfVx  
e.g. Much as I should like to go I can’t go right now. as much:同样的或同样多少的 fQ"Vx!  
j~S=kYrGM  
e.g. You have always helped me and I will always do as much for you. ?D7zty+}^  
p<h(  
45. no less than:不亚于,竟达……之多 & ^1 b]f  
!gV{[j?~zr  
e.g. There were no less than one hundred people at the meeting. not less than:不比……差,至少 #@w/S:KbJt  
ReD]M@;  
e.g. There were not less than one hundred people at the meeting. 请大家注意区分以上两句的差别,第一句是指“竟达100人之多”,第二句则是“至少有100人”,要明白no less than是一种强调说法,它和not less than的区别在于事先假定的程度或是数量有所不同,no less than在某种意义上说来没有超过的意思,而not less than可能会超过,这种表达方式正好与no more than以及not more than相反。 6:8Nz   
Ake l.&  
46. no more than:同样不;仅仅,只有 ltU{P|7!E  
+A1*e+/b\  
e.g. This book is no more interesting than that one. It is no more than empty talk. not more than:不比……更,不如;至多 a%a0/!U[  
~iiDy;"  
e.g. He is not more clever than you are. There were not more than 5 factories in our city before liberation. ;5$ GJu(  
IO7gq+  
47. on sale:出售的;廉价出售 S76MY&Vx23  
FIAmAZH}_  
e.g. Many new farm tools are on sale in this store. I got this book on sale it was very cheap. for sale:出售的,上市的 3G 5xIr6   
K0o${%'@7  
e.g. I shall put these goods up for sale. 在作“出售的”的意思的时候,on sale和for sale还是有一些不同的,一般来说,for sale多指物主亲自或委托代理人经手出售,而on sale通常表示店里的货物是供出售的。 =zrfh-lwH  
 )h>dD  
48. once again:再一次 @].!}tz  
bQ 0Ab"+D  
e.g. I want to try this once again. once and again:一再 UUbO\_&y  
/pU`-  
e.g. I have told him once and again not to do that. Y`$\o  
7F]Hq  
49. out of question:毫无疑问,必定 :i {; 81V  
c=?6`m,"M  
e.g. Out of question this plan can be fulfilled ahead of time. out of the question:不可能的 U7g,@/Qx  
5! +{JTXa  
e.g. What you propose is out of the question. omPxU2Jw  
)a'`  
50. refer to:提及,涉及 #)48dW!n  
`(P71T  
e.g. I would like to refer back to the first of my three points. refer to…as:称作,叫做 umAO&S.+M  
 xI#rnx*  
e.g. Coal is often referred to as food for industry. Rg46V-"d,@  
#uC}IX2n  
51. search sb.:认真搜查某人身体 c(b`eUOO  
h -091N  
e.g. They searched him but nothing was found on him. search for sb.:搜查某地为找到某人 U,fPG/9  
E[zq<&P@  
e.g. They searched for him everywhere but failed. aC Iz(3^  
iYw1{U  
52. settle down:落下;定居 'gD./|Z0  
3i4m!g5Z?  
e.g. The dust slowly settled down. He has settled down in the countryside. settle down to:专心致力于;逐渐习惯于 QG L~??  
_F4=+dT|  
e.g. He settled down to his homework. They settled down to a new job. .A6pPRy e  
42,dHYdt  
53. speak for itself:不言而喻 4R8Qn^  
86?~N  
e.g. One does not to be told that this fact speaks for itself. speak for oneself:发表本人的意见 n<b}6L}  
R{aqn0M  
e.g. What others think I do not know I can only speak for myself. pj3H4yCM:  
< %<nh`D  
54. submit to:屈服于 z 3Z8vq  
^AZv4H*~  
e.g. He has to submit to an operation. submit…to:提交 R@>^t4#_Q0  
Zm6jF  
e.g. They must submit the case to the court y0) mBCX  
)`gxaT>&l  
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