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主题 : 2013年考博英语听力中影响理解的词组
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楼主  发表于: 2012-08-24   

2013年考博英语听力中影响理解的词组

1) a big time:尽兴,高兴的时刻 Fvxu >BK  
e.g. I had a big time there. the big time:第一流,最高级 e.g. Don’t worry you are in the big time now. =Z  sGT  
2) according to:按照,根据 JeY' 8B  
e.g. They were commended or criticized according to their work. according as:随……而定 ]]cYLaq(  
e.g. The thermometer rises or falls according as the air is hot or cold. !]S=z^"<  
3) admit to:承认 l #@&~f[  
e.g. I have to admit to a dislike for modern music. admit sb.(in) to:允许某人进入某地或加入某组织、行业 }~o ikN:  
e.g. They have admitted me into their club. |*,jU;NI  
4) all for:完全赞成 =!ac7i\F  
e.g. I am all for holding a meeting to discuss it. for all:尽管 c[0oh.   
e.g. They could not open the box for all their forces. U&y`-@A4  
5) all in all:总的说来 E/za @W  
e.g. All in all it is a success. all in:疲倦,筋疲力尽 3D)b*fPc  
e.g. He was all in but he stuck it out. `<j_[(5yb  
6) as it is (was):照目前的情况来看 i~&c|  
e.g. As it is we shall be able to complete our task in time. as it were:可以说,姑且这样说 HP a|uDVv  
e.g. He is as it were a walking dictionary. 2W3W/> 2 h  
7) as much as:几乎,实际上 ,.g}W~S)  
e.g. By running away he as much as admitted that he had taken the money. as much…as:与……一样多 4w{-'M.B  
e.g. It is as much our responsibility as yours. 5a(<%Q <"  
8) as well:也,还是……为好 7aQcP  
e.g. He gave me advice and money as well. Since you have begun to do it you may as well finish it. as well as:不仅……而且,除……之外 Sue 6+p  
e.g. With television we see a picture as well as hearing sound. Small towns as well as big cities are being rapidly industrialized. F@hYA  
9) at one time从前某个时期 e.g. At one time we met frequently. at a time:每次,一次 d.pp3D 9/  
e.g. You can borrow only two books at a time. ARx0zI%N  
10) attach to:属于,归因于 ';/84j-3F  
e.g. No blame attaches to him. attach oneself to:参加,加入 "g `nsk  
e.g. He attached himself to the group of climbers. M^ 5e~y  
11) be a credit to:为……增光 fr#Qz{  
e.g. I hope you will be a credit to your school. do credit to:为……增进荣誉 3c u9 [~K  
e.g. This piece of work does credit to you. 9bn2UiJ k  
12) bear in mind:记住 8U^D(jrz  
e.g. I hope you will bear in mind all I am saying. have in mind:考虑 "2mFC!  
e.g. Don’t give your confidence to others regarding the plan you have in mind. 8D2yR#3  
13) begin with:以……为起点 T _~KxQ  
e.g. He advised me to begin with something easy. to begin with:首先 j@ C0af  
e.g. To begin with we must consider the problem from all sides. {NeWdC  
14) build up:逐步建成,增强 6_U |(f  
e.g. They are trying hard to build up an independent economy. He went for an ocean voyage and built up his health. build on:以……为基础,依赖 |yAK@ Hl'  
e.g. Let’s build on your idea. We shall build on your supporting us. qG^_c;l6a  
15) by day:在白天 bpMl =_  
e.g. Most of them work by day and study by night. by the day:(指工作报酬等)按日计算 M;qb7 Mu  
f N0bIE Y  
e.g. Will you pay me by the day or by the hour? .\)k+ R  
16) can but只好……罢了 i7f%^7!  
e.g. We can but try to make him see how unreasonable he has been. cannot but:不得不,禁不住 A^cU$V%?W  
e.g. I cannot but tell her the truth.(=I cannot help telling her the truth) ,|iy1yg(  
17) come forth:出现,发行 wDZ  
e.g. Many new things are coming forth.. Do you know that a set of new stamps has come forth? come forward:自告奋勇,提出供讨论 They have come forward with an offer to help. The matter was deferred at last evening’s meeting but will come forward at our next session. RnSm]}?  
18) compare … to比拟(指出其中的相似点) C1D ! V:  
e.g. Man’s life is often compared to a candle. compare … with:把……和……相比(指出其不同之处) -s89)lUkS  
e.g. He compared his camera with mine. '&)D>@g  
19) consist in:包含在……中 Dh?vU~v(6  
e.g. Happiness consists in good health. consist of:由……组成 )"F5lOA6  
e.g. The apartment consisted of two rooms and a kitchen. -+ ' #*V  
20) end on:两端相碰,正对 WT?b Bf  
e.g. The two ships collided each other end on. We shouldn’t place the bicycles end on. on end:竖着,连续地,不断地 S{ey@ X(  
e.g. Place the box on end. She often works for 20 hours on end. &!6DC5  
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21) familiar to:某事为某人熟知 )F +nSV;  
,zG<7~m  
e.g. There were facts not familiar to me. familiar with:熟悉或通晓某事 0n\^$WY  
WBy[m ?d  
e.g. He is familiar with English German and French.. xJ N|w\&  
9^(HXH_f  
22) feel for sb.:同情某人,为某人难过 xnT3^ #-h  
gH5CB%)  
e.g. I feel for you in your sorrow. feel for sth:(用手、脚、棍子等)摸索,寻找某物 &|s+KP|d  
+O&RBEa[  
e.g. She felt under the pillow for her watch 1 pa*T!  
:m]/u( /N  
23) for a moment:片刻,一会儿 *Ao2j;  
{ms,q_Zr  
e.g. She was silent for a moment weighing in her mind the pros and cons. for the moment:此刻、暂时 ESn6D@"  
k& WS$R?u  
e.g. I cannot recall his name for the moment. +{5JDyh0  
.4H_Zt[2  
24) get down:下去,下来;写下来 a#YuKh?  
Y||yzJdC  
e.g. The bus was so jammed that I could not get down. Here’s the telephone number I got down for you. get down to:认真着手进行处理  CEbzJ   
c!tvG*{  
e.g. It is no good shirking the job it will have to be got down to. Tld1P69(  
D LNa6  
25) get into trouble with sb.:遭到某人的(训斥等) yJF 2  
1P(%9  
e.g. Poor Tom is always getting into trouble with the boss. get sb. into trouble:使某人陷入困境 5dg-d\ 6S  
<Gn8B^~$  
e.g. The letter got me into trouble. 26) give sb. a hand:帮助某人或参与某人做某事 I~d#p ]>  
S9 $o  
e.g. Give me a hand with the cleaning please. give sb. one’s hand:与某人握手 7k'=Fm6za  
_7rqXkp%  
e.g. She gave me her hand and wished me a good trip. ;[;)P tFz\  
%y~`"l$-  
27) go through:检查,搜查;通过,穿过 &?KPu?9  
8W19#?7>B  
e.g. They went through our luggage at the customs. It took us a whole week to go through the great forest. go through with:把……坚持到底 aSn0o_4bD  
[54@irH  
e.g. We should go through with the experiment now we’ve started. g,00'z_D  
ML=hKwCA  
28) good for:有益于 cEDDO&u  
*Te4U5F  
e.g. This book is good for your English study. for good:永久地 EO4" Z@ji  
|HaU3E*R  
e.g. The lost money was gone for good. 29) have a fancy for:爱好,喜爱 S% JNxT7'  
DZHrR:q?e  
e.g. She has a fancy for nice clothes. have a fancy that:猜想,认为 z5x ,fQw6O  
2x)0?N[$O  
e.g. I have a fancy that he will come tonight. l(h;e&9x  
3v9gb,)y\  
30) head up:领头;领导 S[W9G)KWp  
N oX_?  
e.g. A band headed up the parade. Mr. Jones will head up the new business. heads up:注意,小心 `A4QU,0 8h  
F|]o9&/<]  
e.g. Heads up now You can do better than that. jOoIF/So  
6Nfof  
31) in a way:在某种程度上 "C$!mdr7  
?=;e.qK=71  
e.g. In a way it is an important book. in the way:妨碍,挡路 I will visit you next weekend if there is nothing in the way. m [g< K  
&rl]$Mtt  
32) in black:穿黑色衣服 `nd#< w>  
Sb:zN'U  
e.g. Arabian women are always dressed in black clothes. in the black:赢利,赚钱 New production methods put the company in the black. ^7ea6G"  
A@@) lD.  
33) in charge of:负责 [a>JG8[ ,t  
#a7Amh\nT  
e.g. Who is in charge of this work? in the charge of:照护 U}RS*7`  
h}anTFKP  
e.g. The patients are in the charge of the nurse. [6,]9|~  
an$ ]IN  
34) in hand:控制 +!L_E6pyXE  
1c<CEq:?e%  
e.g. There was a little rioting but the police soon had the situation in hand. hand in:递交,交给 v GR \GFm  
w+).pcG( *  
e.g. He handed in his resignation in protest against it. 0_,3/EWa  
-CU7u=*b  
35) in one’s honor:向……表示敬意或感谢 s{"`=dKT  
}Ll3AR7\  
e.g. The day was kept as a holiday in honor of victory. on one’s honor:用人格担保 G!e}j @@  
UALg!M#  
e.g. We were on our honor not to cheat on the exam. hdsgOu  
+c]N]?k&  
36) in possession of:占有 r'9=k x  
c5=v`hv  
e.g. He is in possession of this house. in the possession of:被占有 \c9t]py<.h  
skR, M=F~  
e.g. The keys are in the possession of the door keeper. *&hXJJ[+  
`jUS{ 3^  
37) in spirit:在内心,在精神上 (AM,4)lW,  
<D;H} ef  
e.g. In spirit at least these laws were very fair. in spirits:情绪或心情(好、坏等) G3_mWppH  
?(,5eg  
e.g. He is in poor spirits because of his failing in the exam. G7/?hky 0.  
CJ}@R.Zy  
38) keep up:继续,保持 WfTdD.Xx  
=qS^Wz.  
e.g. They entered into a correspondence which was kept up for almost ten years. keep up with:与……齐步前进,跟上 LKqog%,c  
t7!>5e)C}  
e.g. With their help he has kept up with the class. G7_"^r%c9;  
B yy-Cc  
39) look about:环视 :S+U}Sm[  
zFdz]z3  
e.g. He looked about him with great interest. look about for:四处寻找 {ck  
rt@-Pw!B  
e.g. She was looking about for the key she had just lost. S!I <m&Cgc  
' ! UF&  
40) look up:向上看 <E}]t,'3  
1[gjb((  
e.g. He looked up and nodded to me. look up to:尊敬 yz2oS|0'  
rCSG@D.  
e.g. It must be rewarding to be looked up to by so many people. AXU!-er$  
P"PeL B9K  
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41) make one’s way:开路 UVBw;V  
dG~B3xg;5i  
e.g. As soon as he saw us the teacher made his way through the crowd to greet us. make one’s way to:向……走去 <# x%A0  
zm3MOH^a  
e.g. In the evening we made our way to the appointed meeting place. HAUTCX  
,Qi|g'a  
42) measure to:测量到某一精度 h,6S$,UI  
L z>{FOR  
e.g. Measure this part to mm. measure up to:够得上,可以匹敌 / -qt}  
pQMpkAX  
e.g. The new techniques measure up to advanced world standard. U;Y}2  
D%Jc?6/I#3  
43) more than:很,非常 }!7DF  
dj& m  
e.g. He was more than upset by the accident. more…than:比……更 E29gnYxu8  
G8DIig<  
e.g. I regarded her more highly than me. 8qYGlew,  
V45Udwp ^  
44) much as:虽然 mF:s-+  
SU}oKii /  
e.g. Much as I should like to go I can’t go right now. as much:同样的或同样多少的 3k[<4-  
d8 Nh0!  
e.g. You have always helped me and I will always do as much for you. hsVJ&-#  
83,1d*`  
45. no less than:不亚于,竟达……之多 {,C8}8 a W  
^5 =E`q".  
e.g. There were no less than one hundred people at the meeting. not less than:不比……差,至少 FITaL@{c  
KPe.AK,8  
e.g. There were not less than one hundred people at the meeting. 请大家注意区分以上两句的差别,第一句是指“竟达100人之多”,第二句则是“至少有100人”,要明白no less than是一种强调说法,它和not less than的区别在于事先假定的程度或是数量有所不同,no less than在某种意义上说来没有超过的意思,而not less than可能会超过,这种表达方式正好与no more than以及not more than相反。 IoHkcP[H  
:w_1J'D}  
46. no more than:同样不;仅仅,只有 '2J6%Gg  
} 9s  
e.g. This book is no more interesting than that one. It is no more than empty talk. not more than:不比……更,不如;至多 =y]b|"s~2  
8*~:gZ7:  
e.g. He is not more clever than you are. There were not more than 5 factories in our city before liberation. ygY+2  
QuRg(K%:  
47. on sale:出售的;廉价出售 .%b_3s".  
;Hp'x_xQ  
e.g. Many new farm tools are on sale in this store. I got this book on sale it was very cheap. for sale:出售的,上市的 r<"/P`r  
r<N*N,~  
e.g. I shall put these goods up for sale. 在作“出售的”的意思的时候,on sale和for sale还是有一些不同的,一般来说,for sale多指物主亲自或委托代理人经手出售,而on sale通常表示店里的货物是供出售的。 vFC=qLz:  
ugPI1'f  
48. once again:再一次 f>/ 1KV  
#TwE??ms  
e.g. I want to try this once again. once and again:一再 yBh"qnOT  
v4~Xv5|w^F  
e.g. I have told him once and again not to do that. _rVX_   
|&'] ms5J  
49. out of question:毫无疑问,必定 NG!Q< !Y  
J15T!_AW<  
e.g. Out of question this plan can be fulfilled ahead of time. out of the question:不可能的 R:^ ?6f<Z}  
o(NyOC  
e.g. What you propose is out of the question. wSF#;lqd  
nJH%pBc  
50. refer to:提及,涉及 Jxw:Jk ~  
)nxIxr0d-  
e.g. I would like to refer back to the first of my three points. refer to…as:称作,叫做 ?yeC j1X  
x%ag.g2I  
e.g. Coal is often referred to as food for industry. Cfb-:e$0  
gF5EtdN?|  
51. search sb.:认真搜查某人身体 %GiO1:t  
K"$ky,tU  
e.g. They searched him but nothing was found on him. search for sb.:搜查某地为找到某人 U2nRgd  
%,D%Q~  
e.g. They searched for him everywhere but failed. Vn;] ''_  
y'/9KrV T  
52. settle down:落下;定居 f(o`=% k8  
7N=VVD~!b  
e.g. The dust slowly settled down. He has settled down in the countryside. settle down to:专心致力于;逐渐习惯于 o}Np}PE6  
4\es@2q  
e.g. He settled down to his homework. They settled down to a new job. tTp`e0L*m  
J"|$V#  
53. speak for itself:不言而喻 B*N8:u  
|XG7UH  
e.g. One does not to be told that this fact speaks for itself. speak for oneself:发表本人的意见 boovCW  
dL)5~V8s  
e.g. What others think I do not know I can only speak for myself. sH: &OaA  
t}l<#X5  
54. submit to:屈服于 kA`qExw%  
E#p 6A5  
e.g. He has to submit to an operation. submit…to:提交 j,jUg}b  
>z$|O>j  
e.g. They must submit the case to the court y&]D2"I  
-H]O&u3'c  
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