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主题 : 2013年考博英语听力中影响理解的词组
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楼主  发表于: 2012-08-24   

2013年考博英语听力中影响理解的词组

1) a big time:尽兴,高兴的时刻 L` Qiu@  
e.g. I had a big time there. the big time:第一流,最高级 e.g. Don’t worry you are in the big time now. kV(?u_ R  
2) according to:按照,根据 g|nPr)<  
e.g. They were commended or criticized according to their work. according as:随……而定 E"w7/k#3}C  
e.g. The thermometer rises or falls according as the air is hot or cold. u$a%{46  
3) admit to:承认 W?6RUyMC$T  
e.g. I have to admit to a dislike for modern music. admit sb.(in) to:允许某人进入某地或加入某组织、行业 i$%V)pH~F  
e.g. They have admitted me into their club. <Ft.{aNq$c  
4) all for:完全赞成 =)y=M!T2  
e.g. I am all for holding a meeting to discuss it. for all:尽管 B*?v`6  
e.g. They could not open the box for all their forces. qbT].,?!U  
5) all in all:总的说来 fY-{,+ `'  
e.g. All in all it is a success. all in:疲倦,筋疲力尽 ;OVJM qg  
e.g. He was all in but he stuck it out. l'o'q7&=z  
6) as it is (was):照目前的情况来看 nE/T)[1|  
e.g. As it is we shall be able to complete our task in time. as it were:可以说,姑且这样说 Ymn0?$,D1=  
e.g. He is as it were a walking dictionary. UQhfR}(  
7) as much as:几乎,实际上 T=>&`aZH  
e.g. By running away he as much as admitted that he had taken the money. as much…as:与……一样多 Y> 7/>x6  
e.g. It is as much our responsibility as yours. T4Zp5m")  
8) as well:也,还是……为好 UUA7m$F1  
e.g. He gave me advice and money as well. Since you have begun to do it you may as well finish it. as well as:不仅……而且,除……之外 O(!wDnhc  
e.g. With television we see a picture as well as hearing sound. Small towns as well as big cities are being rapidly industrialized. o"5R^a@  
9) at one time从前某个时期 e.g. At one time we met frequently. at a time:每次,一次 rL_AqSGAK1  
e.g. You can borrow only two books at a time. 'rz*mR8  
10) attach to:属于,归因于 MMcHzRF  
e.g. No blame attaches to him. attach oneself to:参加,加入 T>L6 X:d  
e.g. He attached himself to the group of climbers. o&X!75^G>  
11) be a credit to:为……增光 \:O5,wf2  
e.g. I hope you will be a credit to your school. do credit to:为……增进荣誉 Z*`CK^^~  
e.g. This piece of work does credit to you. )vo PH)!  
12) bear in mind:记住 %>pgl I  
e.g. I hope you will bear in mind all I am saying. have in mind:考虑  \ 1|T  
e.g. Don’t give your confidence to others regarding the plan you have in mind. e;[/ytz"d'  
13) begin with:以……为起点 8$@gAlI^  
e.g. He advised me to begin with something easy. to begin with:首先 N/^r9Nu  
e.g. To begin with we must consider the problem from all sides. >JnEhVRQJ9  
14) build up:逐步建成,增强 tl0_as  
e.g. They are trying hard to build up an independent economy. He went for an ocean voyage and built up his health. build on:以……为基础,依赖 h-#Glse<  
e.g. Let’s build on your idea. We shall build on your supporting us. nCYicB  
15) by day:在白天 0M:.Jhp  
e.g. Most of them work by day and study by night. by the day:(指工作报酬等)按日计算 iPI6 _h  
R]L 7?=  
e.g. Will you pay me by the day or by the hour? ~6 {;3"^<  
16) can but只好……罢了 =|am=Q?Q  
e.g. We can but try to make him see how unreasonable he has been. cannot but:不得不,禁不住 ,mjwQ6:Ny  
e.g. I cannot but tell her the truth.(=I cannot help telling her the truth) V#5BZU-  
17) come forth:出现,发行 ")cdY) 14"  
e.g. Many new things are coming forth.. Do you know that a set of new stamps has come forth? come forward:自告奋勇,提出供讨论 They have come forward with an offer to help. The matter was deferred at last evening’s meeting but will come forward at our next session. ^Cpvh}1#  
18) compare … to比拟(指出其中的相似点) <Gs)~T#'  
e.g. Man’s life is often compared to a candle. compare … with:把……和……相比(指出其不同之处) `O0v2?/f0  
e.g. He compared his camera with mine. !.x(lOqf  
19) consist in:包含在……中  +loD{  
e.g. Happiness consists in good health. consist of:由……组成 U%j=)VD ])  
e.g. The apartment consisted of two rooms and a kitchen. qnru atA  
20) end on:两端相碰,正对 S9-K  
e.g. The two ships collided each other end on. We shouldn’t place the bicycles end on. on end:竖着,连续地,不断地  |o=eS&)  
e.g. Place the box on end. She often works for 20 hours on end. ZZ?=^g  
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21) familiar to:某事为某人熟知 ,W7\AY07]  
}4  5|  
e.g. There were facts not familiar to me. familiar with:熟悉或通晓某事 )z$VQ=]"  
_`*x}  
e.g. He is familiar with English German and French.. #&5m=q$EI  
ld$LG6[PA  
22) feel for sb.:同情某人,为某人难过 a]BnHLx  
n3jA[p:  
e.g. I feel for you in your sorrow. feel for sth:(用手、脚、棍子等)摸索,寻找某物 KP -g<Zc  
<Y9((QSM4  
e.g. She felt under the pillow for her watch FsTE.PT  
+#A >[,U  
23) for a moment:片刻,一会儿 _{TGO jZr  
HBV~`0O$  
e.g. She was silent for a moment weighing in her mind the pros and cons. for the moment:此刻、暂时 o_vK4%y(  
w91{''sK  
e.g. I cannot recall his name for the moment. .~4%TsBaY  
n*{e0, gp`  
24) get down:下去,下来;写下来 \[% [`m  
Qj VP]C}p  
e.g. The bus was so jammed that I could not get down. Here’s the telephone number I got down for you. get down to:认真着手进行处理 3)Wi? -  
/E@LnKe  
e.g. It is no good shirking the job it will have to be got down to. 4?jXbC k~x  
xoA\^AA  
25) get into trouble with sb.:遭到某人的(训斥等) QA+qFP  
Xv|~1v %s7  
e.g. Poor Tom is always getting into trouble with the boss. get sb. into trouble:使某人陷入困境 S/"-x{Gc2v  
B !jT@b{  
e.g. The letter got me into trouble. 26) give sb. a hand:帮助某人或参与某人做某事 9e@Sx{?r  
bu1O< *  
e.g. Give me a hand with the cleaning please. give sb. one’s hand:与某人握手 Q Bc\=}  
24}r;=U  
e.g. She gave me her hand and wished me a good trip. L!|c: 8  
u0^GB9q  
27) go through:检查,搜查;通过,穿过 / ~'ZtxA  
Y4YA1F  
e.g. They went through our luggage at the customs. It took us a whole week to go through the great forest. go through with:把……坚持到底 _S7GkpoK  
nsqc^ K^  
e.g. We should go through with the experiment now we’ve started. MS%xOB*6  
-\:pbR  
28) good for:有益于 -5l74f!i  
M\BLuD  
e.g. This book is good for your English study. for good:永久地 />S=Y"a/7  
CTv-$7#  
e.g. The lost money was gone for good. 29) have a fancy for:爱好,喜爱 Z)Nl\e& M  
4nzUDeI3MG  
e.g. She has a fancy for nice clothes. have a fancy that:猜想,认为 oIdMDp^$  
A_6b 4T  
e.g. I have a fancy that he will come tonight. { aqce g  
&EYO[~D06  
30) head up:领头;领导 \/I@&$"F  
nqg=I  
e.g. A band headed up the parade. Mr. Jones will head up the new business. heads up:注意,小心 O:"gJ4D  
f7mP4[+dS  
e.g. Heads up now You can do better than that. `{s:lf  
5K|1Y#X  
31) in a way:在某种程度上 w&:"x@ -|  
R@-rc|FunJ  
e.g. In a way it is an important book. in the way:妨碍,挡路 I will visit you next weekend if there is nothing in the way. J)D/w[w  
cd)yj&:?Bt  
32) in black:穿黑色衣服 O+A/thI%*S  
l 3bo  
e.g. Arabian women are always dressed in black clothes. in the black:赢利,赚钱 New production methods put the company in the black. # kl? ww U  
f5<qF ]Y/  
33) in charge of:负责 Rm`_0 }5  
HWG5Ghu8,)  
e.g. Who is in charge of this work? in the charge of:照护 (E )@@p7,:  
u snbGkq  
e.g. The patients are in the charge of the nurse. V\r!H>  
PB*m D7"  
34) in hand:控制 CK eT%3  
RI9&KS  
e.g. There was a little rioting but the police soon had the situation in hand. hand in:递交,交给 {>'GE16x  
42kr&UY&  
e.g. He handed in his resignation in protest against it. 2'UWPZgE  
|{]W (/  
35) in one’s honor:向……表示敬意或感谢 -\xNuU  
MlVN'w  
e.g. The day was kept as a holiday in honor of victory. on one’s honor:用人格担保 -}Vnr\f  
bim}{wMb  
e.g. We were on our honor not to cheat on the exam. ?_*X\En*3  
&g%9$*gmT  
36) in possession of:占有 Y3^UJe7E  
?o307 r  
e.g. He is in possession of this house. in the possession of:被占有 Wv!#B$J~U  
<=2\xJfxB  
e.g. The keys are in the possession of the door keeper. .&fG_(6|  
Q |,(C0<G  
37) in spirit:在内心,在精神上 MHNuA,cz  
xe9E</M_  
e.g. In spirit at least these laws were very fair. in spirits:情绪或心情(好、坏等) %<c2jvn+k  
:98<dQIG  
e.g. He is in poor spirits because of his failing in the exam. gD`|N@W$5  
t&m 8 V$Q  
38) keep up:继续,保持 &5k$ v^W5  
5eS0 B{,c  
e.g. They entered into a correspondence which was kept up for almost ten years. keep up with:与……齐步前进,跟上 xv|?;Zf6w  
(SMnYh4  
e.g. With their help he has kept up with the class. &d}1) ?  
oN3DM;  
39) look about:环视 r2dU>U*:4  
(@wgNA-P  
e.g. He looked about him with great interest. look about for:四处寻找 ^!a4!DGVT  
vlW521  
e.g. She was looking about for the key she had just lost. H{yUKZH*  
\mGx-g6  
40) look up:向上看 ,v^A;,q  
y^OT0mZkg  
e.g. He looked up and nodded to me. look up to:尊敬  al#BfcZW  
0<ze'F bV]  
e.g. It must be rewarding to be looked up to by so many people. ,hO*W-a% 1  
(*6kYkUK  
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41) make one’s way:开路 0gevn  
?R!?}7  
e.g. As soon as he saw us the teacher made his way through the crowd to greet us. make one’s way to:向……走去 LdH23\  
jV 'u *2&9  
e.g. In the evening we made our way to the appointed meeting place. `T#Jiq E  
A )q=.C#e  
42) measure to:测量到某一精度 )/:j$aq  
H6.  
e.g. Measure this part to mm. measure up to:够得上,可以匹敌 w/49O;rV  
eV 5 e:9  
e.g. The new techniques measure up to advanced world standard. |a|##/  
n1Z*wMwC  
43) more than:很,非常 xo GX&^=  
#;(Q \  
e.g. He was more than upset by the accident. more…than:比……更 'pa8h L  
c,,(s{1  
e.g. I regarded her more highly than me. l0&U7gr  
G<m6Sf  
44) much as:虽然 1nZ7xCDK98  
RD_l  
e.g. Much as I should like to go I can’t go right now. as much:同样的或同样多少的 D/`b ~Yl  
3E$h  W  
e.g. You have always helped me and I will always do as much for you. 8(@ Y@`/  
 0N`'a?x  
45. no less than:不亚于,竟达……之多 {^N90,!  
J]gtgt^   
e.g. There were no less than one hundred people at the meeting. not less than:不比……差,至少 E>L_$J-A-  
K-6+fgeB  
e.g. There were not less than one hundred people at the meeting. 请大家注意区分以上两句的差别,第一句是指“竟达100人之多”,第二句则是“至少有100人”,要明白no less than是一种强调说法,它和not less than的区别在于事先假定的程度或是数量有所不同,no less than在某种意义上说来没有超过的意思,而not less than可能会超过,这种表达方式正好与no more than以及not more than相反。 e)Pm{:E  
&^JYIRn1\  
46. no more than:同样不;仅仅,只有 Zoyo:vv&  
0$I!\y\  
e.g. This book is no more interesting than that one. It is no more than empty talk. not more than:不比……更,不如;至多 .{Df"e>  
x5YHmvy/l  
e.g. He is not more clever than you are. There were not more than 5 factories in our city before liberation. qp`G5bw  
Ku<_N]9  
47. on sale:出售的;廉价出售 V1>>]]PS  
w*qmC<D$A  
e.g. Many new farm tools are on sale in this store. I got this book on sale it was very cheap. for sale:出售的,上市的 ]zR,Y= #  
!Z`xw k"!  
e.g. I shall put these goods up for sale. 在作“出售的”的意思的时候,on sale和for sale还是有一些不同的,一般来说,for sale多指物主亲自或委托代理人经手出售,而on sale通常表示店里的货物是供出售的。 2apQ4)6#[H  
*EzAo  
48. once again:再一次 n+;PfQ|  
(??|\ &DTi  
e.g. I want to try this once again. once and again:一再 gKay3}w  
"Gm:M  
e.g. I have told him once and again not to do that. (!&g (l;  
7 LdNE|IP  
49. out of question:毫无疑问,必定 #p^r)+\3=  
R@H}n3,  
e.g. Out of question this plan can be fulfilled ahead of time. out of the question:不可能的 ?G>#'T[  
t?j2Rw3f`I  
e.g. What you propose is out of the question. p; ZEz<M  
Bt^];DjH  
50. refer to:提及,涉及 b1{X GK'  
\w=7L- 8  
e.g. I would like to refer back to the first of my three points. refer to…as:称作,叫做 XT5Vo  
_\Cd.  
e.g. Coal is often referred to as food for industry. ^D0BGC&&  
.iL_3:6f  
51. search sb.:认真搜查某人身体 4IYC;J2L  
y'k4>,`9e  
e.g. They searched him but nothing was found on him. search for sb.:搜查某地为找到某人 IJnr^S8  
{M?!nS6t  
e.g. They searched for him everywhere but failed. Pk; 9\0k7  
_u:4y4}  
52. settle down:落下;定居 1% )M-io  
Hvq< _&2  
e.g. The dust slowly settled down. He has settled down in the countryside. settle down to:专心致力于;逐渐习惯于 F*d{<  
<>JDA(F"  
e.g. He settled down to his homework. They settled down to a new job. NwG&uc+Q  
'ej{B0rE  
53. speak for itself:不言而喻 .6 E7 R  
uu>[WFh  
e.g. One does not to be told that this fact speaks for itself. speak for oneself:发表本人的意见 7 9%${ajSI  
M{7EFTy!y  
e.g. What others think I do not know I can only speak for myself. Drlt xI)  
_V{WXsOx(  
54. submit to:屈服于 .#h ]_%  
+X;6%O;  
e.g. He has to submit to an operation. submit…to:提交 n37( sKG  
nwN<Q\]S  
e.g. They must submit the case to the court 7B% @f9g  
U)p2PTfB  
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