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主题 : 2013年考博英语听力中影响理解的词组
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楼主  发表于: 2012-08-24   

2013年考博英语听力中影响理解的词组

1) a big time:尽兴,高兴的时刻 ME d WLFf  
e.g. I had a big time there. the big time:第一流,最高级 e.g. Don’t worry you are in the big time now. j@9T.P1  
2) according to:按照,根据 6wxs1G  
e.g. They were commended or criticized according to their work. according as:随……而定 626r^c=  
e.g. The thermometer rises or falls according as the air is hot or cold. ]?*wbxU0  
3) admit to:承认 $^ P0F9~0  
e.g. I have to admit to a dislike for modern music. admit sb.(in) to:允许某人进入某地或加入某组织、行业 8_8l.!~  
e.g. They have admitted me into their club. ;aBG,dr}i  
4) all for:完全赞成 SdWV3  
e.g. I am all for holding a meeting to discuss it. for all:尽管 Uv.)?YeGh  
e.g. They could not open the box for all their forces. OCU r{Nh  
5) all in all:总的说来 :>*7=q=  
e.g. All in all it is a success. all in:疲倦,筋疲力尽 w@b)g  
e.g. He was all in but he stuck it out. OH88n69  
6) as it is (was):照目前的情况来看 6-I'>\U~  
e.g. As it is we shall be able to complete our task in time. as it were:可以说,姑且这样说 . ^u,.  
e.g. He is as it were a walking dictionary. T |p"0b A  
7) as much as:几乎,实际上 hj:,S |  
e.g. By running away he as much as admitted that he had taken the money. as much…as:与……一样多 ( =$ x.1  
e.g. It is as much our responsibility as yours. B6"0OIDY"  
8) as well:也,还是……为好 S:Hl/:iV  
e.g. He gave me advice and money as well. Since you have begun to do it you may as well finish it. as well as:不仅……而且,除……之外 yuVs YV@"  
e.g. With television we see a picture as well as hearing sound. Small towns as well as big cities are being rapidly industrialized. 9z0p5)]n>  
9) at one time从前某个时期 e.g. At one time we met frequently. at a time:每次,一次 4JEpl'5^Q  
e.g. You can borrow only two books at a time. GeqP Rah  
10) attach to:属于,归因于 @,}UWU  
e.g. No blame attaches to him. attach oneself to:参加,加入 =vPj%oLp'a  
e.g. He attached himself to the group of climbers. .6> w'F{>  
11) be a credit to:为……增光 9ati`-y2  
e.g. I hope you will be a credit to your school. do credit to:为……增进荣誉 N;R^h? '  
e.g. This piece of work does credit to you. ==B6qX8T  
12) bear in mind:记住 O< I-  
e.g. I hope you will bear in mind all I am saying. have in mind:考虑 ~>G^=0LT  
e.g. Don’t give your confidence to others regarding the plan you have in mind. [?gP;,  
13) begin with:以……为起点 D=$)n_F  
e.g. He advised me to begin with something easy. to begin with:首先 [KQi.u  
e.g. To begin with we must consider the problem from all sides. gr{ DWCK  
14) build up:逐步建成,增强 xG 1n GO  
e.g. They are trying hard to build up an independent economy. He went for an ocean voyage and built up his health. build on:以……为基础,依赖 FwK] $4*  
e.g. Let’s build on your idea. We shall build on your supporting us. rjP/l6 ~'  
15) by day:在白天 y} '@R$  
e.g. Most of them work by day and study by night. by the day:(指工作报酬等)按日计算 N[hG8f  
maZ)cW?  
e.g. Will you pay me by the day or by the hour? IBGrt^$M  
16) can but只好……罢了 "4Nt\WQ  
e.g. We can but try to make him see how unreasonable he has been. cannot but:不得不,禁不住 ~Ei<Z`3}7"  
e.g. I cannot but tell her the truth.(=I cannot help telling her the truth) }vuARZ>  
17) come forth:出现,发行 <b.D&  
e.g. Many new things are coming forth.. Do you know that a set of new stamps has come forth? come forward:自告奋勇,提出供讨论 They have come forward with an offer to help. The matter was deferred at last evening’s meeting but will come forward at our next session. ZcsZ$qt^  
18) compare … to比拟(指出其中的相似点) sKWfX Cd  
e.g. Man’s life is often compared to a candle. compare … with:把……和……相比(指出其不同之处) x;S @bY  
e.g. He compared his camera with mine. =I<R!ZSN  
19) consist in:包含在……中 0Gk<l{o?^  
e.g. Happiness consists in good health. consist of:由……组成 9$t( &z=  
e.g. The apartment consisted of two rooms and a kitchen. W^Yxn y  
20) end on:两端相碰,正对 .`lCWeHN  
e.g. The two ships collided each other end on. We shouldn’t place the bicycles end on. on end:竖着,连续地,不断地 1oS/`)  
e.g. Place the box on end. She often works for 20 hours on end. txpgO1  
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21) familiar to:某事为某人熟知 A<{{iBEI`  
L#J1b!D&<6  
e.g. There were facts not familiar to me. familiar with:熟悉或通晓某事 tYS06P ^<  
Tx D#9]Q`  
e.g. He is familiar with English German and French.. 6'/ #+,d'  
Nc`L;CP  
22) feel for sb.:同情某人,为某人难过 UVP vOtZj  
xEI%D|)<  
e.g. I feel for you in your sorrow. feel for sth:(用手、脚、棍子等)摸索,寻找某物 kj_c%T ]/  
A&VG~r$  
e.g. She felt under the pillow for her watch v+XJ*N[W  
GJr G~T  
23) for a moment:片刻,一会儿 ~Y;*u]^  
l **X^+=$  
e.g. She was silent for a moment weighing in her mind the pros and cons. for the moment:此刻、暂时 C]6O!Pb0  
 Hka2  
e.g. I cannot recall his name for the moment. aUp g u"  
^!d3=}:0  
24) get down:下去,下来;写下来 :X=hQ:>P  
-f .,tM=  
e.g. The bus was so jammed that I could not get down. Here’s the telephone number I got down for you. get down to:认真着手进行处理 ,bi^P>X  
 R&&4y 7  
e.g. It is no good shirking the job it will have to be got down to. dN q$}  
# d  
25) get into trouble with sb.:遭到某人的(训斥等) vP&(-a  
[JiH\+XLPs  
e.g. Poor Tom is always getting into trouble with the boss. get sb. into trouble:使某人陷入困境 -RwE%  cr  
:;}P*T*PU  
e.g. The letter got me into trouble. 26) give sb. a hand:帮助某人或参与某人做某事 th_oJcS  
=cI(d ,  
e.g. Give me a hand with the cleaning please. give sb. one’s hand:与某人握手 3fj4%P"  
@"A4$`Xi3  
e.g. She gave me her hand and wished me a good trip. uRvP hkqm  
0mE 0 j  
27) go through:检查,搜查;通过,穿过 x5Bk/e'  
[txE .7p  
e.g. They went through our luggage at the customs. It took us a whole week to go through the great forest. go through with:把……坚持到底 S jqpec8  
XFl 6M~ c  
e.g. We should go through with the experiment now we’ve started. r!v\"6:OM  
?,z}%p  
28) good for:有益于 !$ JT e  
w )f#V s  
e.g. This book is good for your English study. for good:永久地 O.? JmE  
_BufO7 `.  
e.g. The lost money was gone for good. 29) have a fancy for:爱好,喜爱 %{W6PrY{  
}BEB1Q}L  
e.g. She has a fancy for nice clothes. have a fancy that:猜想,认为 ,1`z"7\W  
4W75T2q#  
e.g. I have a fancy that he will come tonight. F,kZU$  
KI.unP%  
30) head up:领头;领导 "]*tLL:`  
P55fL-vo|}  
e.g. A band headed up the parade. Mr. Jones will head up the new business. heads up:注意,小心 mFeP9MfJ  
Ry&6p>-  
e.g. Heads up now You can do better than that. e-;}366}  
sO Y:e/_F  
31) in a way:在某种程度上 )J |6-C  
rv;3~'V  
e.g. In a way it is an important book. in the way:妨碍,挡路 I will visit you next weekend if there is nothing in the way. +T ?NH9  
st*gs-8jJ;  
32) in black:穿黑色衣服 z?zL97H  
)oZ dj`  
e.g. Arabian women are always dressed in black clothes. in the black:赢利,赚钱 New production methods put the company in the black. f$( e\+ +  
Gj*9~*xm(  
33) in charge of:负责 \e_O4  
Kw}'W 8`c  
e.g. Who is in charge of this work? in the charge of:照护 reVgqYp{{-  
*hrd5na  
e.g. The patients are in the charge of the nurse. L];b< *d  
%y@AA>x!  
34) in hand:控制 9mgIUjz  
0:+E-^X  
e.g. There was a little rioting but the police soon had the situation in hand. hand in:递交,交给 Z)!C'cb  
GILfbNcd  
e.g. He handed in his resignation in protest against it. X]=t>   
R]dg_Da  
35) in one’s honor:向……表示敬意或感谢 @x1-! ~z#  
E]6 6]+;0_  
e.g. The day was kept as a holiday in honor of victory. on one’s honor:用人格担保 "b[5]Y{ U  
;jPXs  
e.g. We were on our honor not to cheat on the exam. d _ e WcI  
{*KEP  
36) in possession of:占有 VpUAeWb  
f?b"iA(6  
e.g. He is in possession of this house. in the possession of:被占有 ~ 1pr~  
Qd6FH2Pl  
e.g. The keys are in the possession of the door keeper. "L1Zi.)  
Fi1@MG5$2  
37) in spirit:在内心,在精神上 ckn~#UE=  
9l,o P?  
e.g. In spirit at least these laws were very fair. in spirits:情绪或心情(好、坏等) h~26W Lf.  
"ta x?  
e.g. He is in poor spirits because of his failing in the exam. q;U,s)Uz^  
7KPwQ?SjT  
38) keep up:继续,保持 mTh]PPo   
C>~TI,5a3  
e.g. They entered into a correspondence which was kept up for almost ten years. keep up with:与……齐步前进,跟上 6#yUc_5 \  
@6d[=!9  
e.g. With their help he has kept up with the class. ':}\4j&{E  
]d`VT)~vje  
39) look about:环视 qNr} \J|  
HqTjl4ai  
e.g. He looked about him with great interest. look about for:四处寻找 \f)#>+X-  
V,9cl,z+  
e.g. She was looking about for the key she had just lost. <1 pEwI~  
?}7p"3j'z  
40) look up:向上看 Q &t<Y^B  
X@f}Q`{Ymj  
e.g. He looked up and nodded to me. look up to:尊敬 s79r@])=  
Gc!x|V;T  
e.g. It must be rewarding to be looked up to by so many people. 2JFpZU"1  
s <Fl p  
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41) make one’s way:开路 Z<4AL\l 98  
O<\@~U  
e.g. As soon as he saw us the teacher made his way through the crowd to greet us. make one’s way to:向……走去 HdG2X  
r4f~z$QK  
e.g. In the evening we made our way to the appointed meeting place. ;'Nd~:-]  
Bw{I;rW{2  
42) measure to:测量到某一精度 +U.I( 83F  
N"1B/u  
e.g. Measure this part to mm. measure up to:够得上,可以匹敌 p"Z-6m~  
\j)E 5b+  
e.g. The new techniques measure up to advanced world standard. |a%Tp3Q~  
e,5C8Q`Z  
43) more than:很,非常 +H2-ZXr  
r)6M!_]AW  
e.g. He was more than upset by the accident. more…than:比……更 XS BA$y  
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e.g. I regarded her more highly than me. 4NIRmDEd  
{91nL'-'  
44) much as:虽然 I)W`sBL  
4 N7^?  
e.g. Much as I should like to go I can’t go right now. as much:同样的或同样多少的 (2 a`XwR  
t!\tF[9e  
e.g. You have always helped me and I will always do as much for you. d5z`BH.  
SC])?h-Fw  
45. no less than:不亚于,竟达……之多 ivz5H(b  
CWP2{  
e.g. There were no less than one hundred people at the meeting. not less than:不比……差,至少 @{pLk4E  
XEZF{lP  
e.g. There were not less than one hundred people at the meeting. 请大家注意区分以上两句的差别,第一句是指“竟达100人之多”,第二句则是“至少有100人”,要明白no less than是一种强调说法,它和not less than的区别在于事先假定的程度或是数量有所不同,no less than在某种意义上说来没有超过的意思,而not less than可能会超过,这种表达方式正好与no more than以及not more than相反。 @k/NY *+  
[=]4-q6UN  
46. no more than:同样不;仅仅,只有 ~**.|%Kc  
*C=>X193U  
e.g. This book is no more interesting than that one. It is no more than empty talk. not more than:不比……更,不如;至多 :Qf '2.h)  
H1(Uw:V8  
e.g. He is not more clever than you are. There were not more than 5 factories in our city before liberation. qc~iQSI  
}k G9!sf  
47. on sale:出售的;廉价出售 .Twk {p  
h.s+) fl\  
e.g. Many new farm tools are on sale in this store. I got this book on sale it was very cheap. for sale:出售的,上市的 |WdPE@P  
a,#j =  
e.g. I shall put these goods up for sale. 在作“出售的”的意思的时候,on sale和for sale还是有一些不同的,一般来说,for sale多指物主亲自或委托代理人经手出售,而on sale通常表示店里的货物是供出售的。 Ktm4 A O  
?r+-  
48. once again:再一次 =+MPFhvg!  
eS mLf*\G  
e.g. I want to try this once again. once and again:一再 4^OY C  
-701j'q{  
e.g. I have told him once and again not to do that. xZF}D/S?Ov  
do+.aOC  
49. out of question:毫无疑问,必定 5vZ^0yFQ  
X~,aNRy  
e.g. Out of question this plan can be fulfilled ahead of time. out of the question:不可能的 'V=P*#|SR  
\3aoM{ztD  
e.g. What you propose is out of the question. #PQB(=299P  
 *m,k(/>  
50. refer to:提及,涉及 ?+a,m# Yx  
FfPar:PHj  
e.g. I would like to refer back to the first of my three points. refer to…as:称作,叫做 s^uS1  
s;vHPUB\n  
e.g. Coal is often referred to as food for industry. aL&7 1^R,  
6U,O*WJ%e  
51. search sb.:认真搜查某人身体 zSja/yq  
2!J&+r  
e.g. They searched him but nothing was found on him. search for sb.:搜查某地为找到某人 zvH8^1yzG  
DOJN2{IP  
e.g. They searched for him everywhere but failed. {I#]@,  
Yqi4&~?db  
52. settle down:落下;定居 usCt#eZK  
b8SHg^}  
e.g. The dust slowly settled down. He has settled down in the countryside. settle down to:专心致力于;逐渐习惯于 YccH+[X;  
ssRbhlD/*1  
e.g. He settled down to his homework. They settled down to a new job. &Ao+X=qw  
,\n&I(  
53. speak for itself:不言而喻 d0Qd $ .%A  
Y M\ K%rk  
e.g. One does not to be told that this fact speaks for itself. speak for oneself:发表本人的意见 k!HK 97qA  
^o1*a&~J@  
e.g. What others think I do not know I can only speak for myself. Sf7\;^  
_FVcx7l!u  
54. submit to:屈服于 NzOo0tz:  
qHrA%k^!2O  
e.g. He has to submit to an operation. submit…to:提交 M .JoHH  
/.MN  
e.g. They must submit the case to the court fM63+9I)\  
"*5hiTr8+  
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