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主题 : 2013年考博英语听力中影响理解的词组
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楼主  发表于: 2012-08-24   

2013年考博英语听力中影响理解的词组

1) a big time:尽兴,高兴的时刻 jIL+^{K<  
e.g. I had a big time there. the big time:第一流,最高级 e.g. Don’t worry you are in the big time now. P=[_W;->}  
2) according to:按照,根据 WYUel4Z  
e.g. They were commended or criticized according to their work. according as:随……而定 E0*KKo%  
e.g. The thermometer rises or falls according as the air is hot or cold. w;{=  
3) admit to:承认 57K\sT4[  
e.g. I have to admit to a dislike for modern music. admit sb.(in) to:允许某人进入某地或加入某组织、行业 o"V+W  
e.g. They have admitted me into their club. Ud_7>P$a  
4) all for:完全赞成 )n&6= Li  
e.g. I am all for holding a meeting to discuss it. for all:尽管 &RHZ7T  
e.g. They could not open the box for all their forces. 9+iz+  
5) all in all:总的说来 ,Y4>$:#n/  
e.g. All in all it is a success. all in:疲倦,筋疲力尽 d=p=eUd2  
e.g. He was all in but he stuck it out. kz*6%Cg*~  
6) as it is (was):照目前的情况来看 :O'QL,  
e.g. As it is we shall be able to complete our task in time. as it were:可以说,姑且这样说 h"y~!NWn  
e.g. He is as it were a walking dictionary. Y3 \EX  
7) as much as:几乎,实际上 _ P` ^B  
e.g. By running away he as much as admitted that he had taken the money. as much…as:与……一样多 <t&Qa~mA  
e.g. It is as much our responsibility as yours. cy(4g-b]@e  
8) as well:也,还是……为好 B k*Rz4Oa  
e.g. He gave me advice and money as well. Since you have begun to do it you may as well finish it. as well as:不仅……而且,除……之外 %a?\y_a=b  
e.g. With television we see a picture as well as hearing sound. Small towns as well as big cities are being rapidly industrialized. JvsL]yRT  
9) at one time从前某个时期 e.g. At one time we met frequently. at a time:每次,一次 1u8hnG  
e.g. You can borrow only two books at a time. /iEQ}  
10) attach to:属于,归因于 js9^~:Tw  
e.g. No blame attaches to him. attach oneself to:参加,加入 wmA TV/  
e.g. He attached himself to the group of climbers. ~>H,~</`  
11) be a credit to:为……增光 D/ VEl{ba-  
e.g. I hope you will be a credit to your school. do credit to:为……增进荣誉 r1Hh @sxn  
e.g. This piece of work does credit to you. [1Aoj|  
12) bear in mind:记住 .EReYZO  
e.g. I hope you will bear in mind all I am saying. have in mind:考虑 cMrO@=b;  
e.g. Don’t give your confidence to others regarding the plan you have in mind. ?t<g|H/|6  
13) begin with:以……为起点 lGt:.p{NG  
e.g. He advised me to begin with something easy. to begin with:首先 $NCR V:J  
e.g. To begin with we must consider the problem from all sides. k 1a?yH)=  
14) build up:逐步建成,增强 w59q* 2  
e.g. They are trying hard to build up an independent economy. He went for an ocean voyage and built up his health. build on:以……为基础,依赖 \*&?o51 !e  
e.g. Let’s build on your idea. We shall build on your supporting us. &8pGq./lr=  
15) by day:在白天 PhPe7^  
e.g. Most of them work by day and study by night. by the day:(指工作报酬等)按日计算 &Z3%UOY  
$)nPj_h  
e.g. Will you pay me by the day or by the hour? +!W:gA  
16) can but只好……罢了 '7}2}KD  
e.g. We can but try to make him see how unreasonable he has been. cannot but:不得不,禁不住 J[05T1  
e.g. I cannot but tell her the truth.(=I cannot help telling her the truth) jo0XF]  
17) come forth:出现,发行 <.Pt%Kg^BS  
e.g. Many new things are coming forth.. Do you know that a set of new stamps has come forth? come forward:自告奋勇,提出供讨论 They have come forward with an offer to help. The matter was deferred at last evening’s meeting but will come forward at our next session. /E2 P  
18) compare … to比拟(指出其中的相似点) ce#Iu#qT  
e.g. Man’s life is often compared to a candle. compare … with:把……和……相比(指出其不同之处) EJ>rW(s  
e.g. He compared his camera with mine. )-o jm$  
19) consist in:包含在……中 /qJCp![X  
e.g. Happiness consists in good health. consist of:由……组成 H2H[DVKv  
e.g. The apartment consisted of two rooms and a kitchen. zc=G4F01  
20) end on:两端相碰,正对 C7G,M  
e.g. The two ships collided each other end on. We shouldn’t place the bicycles end on. on end:竖着,连续地,不断地 t#@z_Mn\  
e.g. Place the box on end. She often works for 20 hours on end. W!R0:-  
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21) familiar to:某事为某人熟知 7l$ u.[  
49M1^nMvoo  
e.g. There were facts not familiar to me. familiar with:熟悉或通晓某事 I<CrEL<5}~  
g) ^s+Y  
e.g. He is familiar with English German and French.. FG[rH]   
$/C1s"C@O  
22) feel for sb.:同情某人,为某人难过 Ky"F L   
` 6*]cn#(  
e.g. I feel for you in your sorrow. feel for sth:(用手、脚、棍子等)摸索,寻找某物 h2T\%V_j  
?RS:I%bL  
e.g. She felt under the pillow for her watch vm[*+&\2  
]b; m~|9  
23) for a moment:片刻,一会儿 RC[Sa wA  
*!$Z5Im  
e.g. She was silent for a moment weighing in her mind the pros and cons. for the moment:此刻、暂时 Ad>81=Z  
pXl[I;  
e.g. I cannot recall his name for the moment. cZ?$_;=  
YwET.(oo  
24) get down:下去,下来;写下来 vE'{?C=EM  
hBpa"0F  
e.g. The bus was so jammed that I could not get down. Here’s the telephone number I got down for you. get down to:认真着手进行处理 p>+9pxx~U  
pg4pfi^__V  
e.g. It is no good shirking the job it will have to be got down to. ^@AyC"K  
I: iMRvp  
25) get into trouble with sb.:遭到某人的(训斥等) F""9O6u  
KH;~VR8"/  
e.g. Poor Tom is always getting into trouble with the boss. get sb. into trouble:使某人陷入困境 3._ ep  
4\&Y;upy+  
e.g. The letter got me into trouble. 26) give sb. a hand:帮助某人或参与某人做某事 0?>(H(D^/  
I_v}}h{  
e.g. Give me a hand with the cleaning please. give sb. one’s hand:与某人握手 B??07j  
( ~5 M{Xh  
e.g. She gave me her hand and wished me a good trip. {IV% _y?  
- C q;  
27) go through:检查,搜查;通过,穿过 e9KD mX_  
X>o9mW  
e.g. They went through our luggage at the customs. It took us a whole week to go through the great forest. go through with:把……坚持到底 NgGMsE\C}  
  < v]  
e.g. We should go through with the experiment now we’ve started. 2uE<mjCt-r  
7amVnR1f  
28) good for:有益于 >Dr(%z6CN  
JyM k @Y  
e.g. This book is good for your English study. for good:永久地 !Rl|o^Vw>{  
gfg,V.:  
e.g. The lost money was gone for good. 29) have a fancy for:爱好,喜爱 E:pk'G0bZ  
]WDmx$"&e  
e.g. She has a fancy for nice clothes. have a fancy that:猜想,认为 g;63$_<  
w I_@  
e.g. I have a fancy that he will come tonight. LN5LT'CE   
+Ua|0>?  
30) head up:领头;领导 ls 5iE  
U8Y%rFh1  
e.g. A band headed up the parade. Mr. Jones will head up the new business. heads up:注意,小心 (E0   
:jl* Y-mM  
e.g. Heads up now You can do better than that. fkzSX8a9}  
Pqomi!1  
31) in a way:在某种程度上 MuY:(zC%  
2nB99L{6  
e.g. In a way it is an important book. in the way:妨碍,挡路 I will visit you next weekend if there is nothing in the way. l'+3 6  
LlQsc{ Ddf  
32) in black:穿黑色衣服 &F &`y  
,&t+D-s<f  
e.g. Arabian women are always dressed in black clothes. in the black:赢利,赚钱 New production methods put the company in the black. n N<N~  
gpV4qDXV  
33) in charge of:负责 _ >OP  
K~ eak\=  
e.g. Who is in charge of this work? in the charge of:照护 y7,fFUKl  
Js,!G  
e.g. The patients are in the charge of the nurse. 1X?ro;  
ob.<j  
34) in hand:控制 3Zb%-_%j  
&GP(yj]  
e.g. There was a little rioting but the police soon had the situation in hand. hand in:递交,交给 _\WR3Q!V  
(g##wa)L  
e.g. He handed in his resignation in protest against it. Q]k< Y  
<XdnVe1  
35) in one’s honor:向……表示敬意或感谢 OdzeHpH3g  
;,4*uU'vq  
e.g. The day was kept as a holiday in honor of victory. on one’s honor:用人格担保 -H-U8/WC  
zwfft  
e.g. We were on our honor not to cheat on the exam. 6>vR5pn  
6j%%CWU{~  
36) in possession of:占有 k%.v`H!  
w 3t,S3!  
e.g. He is in possession of this house. in the possession of:被占有 ]>n{~4a  
BhJ>G%  
e.g. The keys are in the possession of the door keeper. )@g[aRFa  
=^9h z3 j  
37) in spirit:在内心,在精神上 }LUvh  
Fy=GU<&AI  
e.g. In spirit at least these laws were very fair. in spirits:情绪或心情(好、坏等) N1t4o~  
W5|{A])N  
e.g. He is in poor spirits because of his failing in the exam. P3oYk_oW  
Etz#+R&*  
38) keep up:继续,保持 Y+-yIMt$r  
X`8<;l  
e.g. They entered into a correspondence which was kept up for almost ten years. keep up with:与……齐步前进,跟上 ]iV ]7g8:  
+25}X{r$_  
e.g. With their help he has kept up with the class. i$Y#7^l%k  
pMU\f  
39) look about:环视 gwaSgV$z  
IOHWb&N6  
e.g. He looked about him with great interest. look about for:四处寻找 VwR\"8r3  
a~KtH;7<  
e.g. She was looking about for the key she had just lost. V9[_aP;  
F}Zg3 #  
40) look up:向上看 r\m{;Z#LJm  
7w73,r/D8A  
e.g. He looked up and nodded to me. look up to:尊敬 -Mo4`bN  
CI*JedO]  
e.g. It must be rewarding to be looked up to by so many people. yzEyOz@Q  
*zRig|k!H  
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41) make one’s way:开路 :{<|,3oNdR  
U<Oc&S{]*  
e.g. As soon as he saw us the teacher made his way through the crowd to greet us. make one’s way to:向……走去 G)0 4'|W  
@<DRFP  
e.g. In the evening we made our way to the appointed meeting place. +1#;s!e  
jP+{2)z"W  
42) measure to:测量到某一精度 2Ys=/mh  
QXj#Brp  
e.g. Measure this part to mm. measure up to:够得上,可以匹敌 {"jtR<{)  
JQb{?C  
e.g. The new techniques measure up to advanced world standard. AXcmN  
o4: e1  
43) more than:很,非常 G{?`4=K  
")ys!V9  
e.g. He was more than upset by the accident. more…than:比……更 +M.BMS2A<l  
@n qM#  
e.g. I regarded her more highly than me. i&(1 <S>P  
&y0GdzfQd  
44) much as:虽然 .3) 27Cjw  
7 cV G?Wr  
e.g. Much as I should like to go I can’t go right now. as much:同样的或同样多少的 xd `MEOY  
4SUzR\  
e.g. You have always helped me and I will always do as much for you. f0@*>  
U8aV I  
45. no less than:不亚于,竟达……之多 NPv.7,  
,e|"p[z ~T  
e.g. There were no less than one hundred people at the meeting. not less than:不比……差,至少 iWWt L  
KKQT?/ {b  
e.g. There were not less than one hundred people at the meeting. 请大家注意区分以上两句的差别,第一句是指“竟达100人之多”,第二句则是“至少有100人”,要明白no less than是一种强调说法,它和not less than的区别在于事先假定的程度或是数量有所不同,no less than在某种意义上说来没有超过的意思,而not less than可能会超过,这种表达方式正好与no more than以及not more than相反。 6yYjZ<  
E el*P M  
46. no more than:同样不;仅仅,只有 ;k0 Jl0[}  
W.s8!KH:  
e.g. This book is no more interesting than that one. It is no more than empty talk. not more than:不比……更,不如;至多 W3ms8=z  
}>y !I5O  
e.g. He is not more clever than you are. There were not more than 5 factories in our city before liberation. NsS;d^%I  
%yc-D]P/  
47. on sale:出售的;廉价出售 &kvmLOI  
Qm7];,  
e.g. Many new farm tools are on sale in this store. I got this book on sale it was very cheap. for sale:出售的,上市的 #oiU|>3Y  
:G98uX t  
e.g. I shall put these goods up for sale. 在作“出售的”的意思的时候,on sale和for sale还是有一些不同的,一般来说,for sale多指物主亲自或委托代理人经手出售,而on sale通常表示店里的货物是供出售的。 xC5Pv">  
GwXhn2  
48. once again:再一次 {m3#1iV9  
 mVS^HQ:  
e.g. I want to try this once again. once and again:一再 oR8'^G0<  
 96;5  
e.g. I have told him once and again not to do that. DC_uh  
1D)0\#><  
49. out of question:毫无疑问,必定 f tl$P[T  
'y>Y*/  
e.g. Out of question this plan can be fulfilled ahead of time. out of the question:不可能的 Uu*iL< `  
[;yH.wn#5  
e.g. What you propose is out of the question. }&L%c>  
Vp1ct06^  
50. refer to:提及,涉及 +-),E.  
tBJ 4lb  
e.g. I would like to refer back to the first of my three points. refer to…as:称作,叫做 ckV\f({  
1_!?wMo:f  
e.g. Coal is often referred to as food for industry. ~ a4Y8r  
p-\->_9)y`  
51. search sb.:认真搜查某人身体 CV=qcD  
WK?5`|1l:x  
e.g. They searched him but nothing was found on him. search for sb.:搜查某地为找到某人 nql9SQ'\\  
du ~V=%9  
e.g. They searched for him everywhere but failed. dR_6j}  
jTg~]PQ^  
52. settle down:落下;定居 8!.V`|@lt  
Eq tL&UHe  
e.g. The dust slowly settled down. He has settled down in the countryside. settle down to:专心致力于;逐渐习惯于 #Ff8_xhP2  
sG_/E-%5'  
e.g. He settled down to his homework. They settled down to a new job. } LC  
ZCZ@ZN  
53. speak for itself:不言而喻 }@t" B9D  
<"K*O9 nst  
e.g. One does not to be told that this fact speaks for itself. speak for oneself:发表本人的意见 (p12 =EB<  
$+n6V2^K)7  
e.g. What others think I do not know I can only speak for myself. ;ltk}hJ]  
Pf,@U'f|  
54. submit to:屈服于 6| B9kh}  
flC%<V%'-  
e.g. He has to submit to an operation. submit…to:提交 y9d"sqyh  
-3) jUzD  
e.g. They must submit the case to the court _ {wP:dI "  
YI7M%B9Lj  
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