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主题 : 2013年考博英语听力中影响理解的词组
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楼主  发表于: 2012-08-24   

2013年考博英语听力中影响理解的词组

1) a big time:尽兴,高兴的时刻 `n*e8T  
e.g. I had a big time there. the big time:第一流,最高级 e.g. Don’t worry you are in the big time now. =peodj^  
2) according to:按照,根据 LovVJ^TD0i  
e.g. They were commended or criticized according to their work. according as:随……而定 _NfdJ=[Xh  
e.g. The thermometer rises or falls according as the air is hot or cold. < ] ~FX 25  
3) admit to:承认 XA&Vtgu  
e.g. I have to admit to a dislike for modern music. admit sb.(in) to:允许某人进入某地或加入某组织、行业 fL #e4  
e.g. They have admitted me into their club. F ka^0  
4) all for:完全赞成 xp!M A  
e.g. I am all for holding a meeting to discuss it. for all:尽管 3KyIBrdi?  
e.g. They could not open the box for all their forces. K/Q%tr1W0  
5) all in all:总的说来 m4 4"qp  
e.g. All in all it is a success. all in:疲倦,筋疲力尽 ^dR="N  
e.g. He was all in but he stuck it out. A &d67,&B  
6) as it is (was):照目前的情况来看 " vW4"R6  
e.g. As it is we shall be able to complete our task in time. as it were:可以说,姑且这样说 'F\@KE -d  
e.g. He is as it were a walking dictionary. K}vP0O}  
7) as much as:几乎,实际上 U?bQBHIC  
e.g. By running away he as much as admitted that he had taken the money. as much…as:与……一样多 Lp|7s8?  
e.g. It is as much our responsibility as yours. 6.!aJJLN  
8) as well:也,还是……为好 ftr8~*]O  
e.g. He gave me advice and money as well. Since you have begun to do it you may as well finish it. as well as:不仅……而且,除……之外 |61W-9;  
e.g. With television we see a picture as well as hearing sound. Small towns as well as big cities are being rapidly industrialized. pR3@loFQ`o  
9) at one time从前某个时期 e.g. At one time we met frequently. at a time:每次,一次 XF6ed  
e.g. You can borrow only two books at a time. vKcZgIR  
10) attach to:属于,归因于 #j+0jFu  
e.g. No blame attaches to him. attach oneself to:参加,加入 aUGRFK_6$  
e.g. He attached himself to the group of climbers. C[-M ~yIL  
11) be a credit to:为……增光 pie,^-_.g  
e.g. I hope you will be a credit to your school. do credit to:为……增进荣誉 !08\w@  
e.g. This piece of work does credit to you. j3Sz+kOf,  
12) bear in mind:记住 ^$!H|  
e.g. I hope you will bear in mind all I am saying. have in mind:考虑 e5s=@-[  
e.g. Don’t give your confidence to others regarding the plan you have in mind. wN+3OPM  
13) begin with:以……为起点 l_ES $%d  
e.g. He advised me to begin with something easy. to begin with:首先 g'%^-S ]  
e.g. To begin with we must consider the problem from all sides. *_ U=KpZF  
14) build up:逐步建成,增强 "PK`Ca@`v  
e.g. They are trying hard to build up an independent economy. He went for an ocean voyage and built up his health. build on:以……为基础,依赖 !4/s|b9K  
e.g. Let’s build on your idea. We shall build on your supporting us. \FL`b{!+ N  
15) by day:在白天 1v?|n8  
e.g. Most of them work by day and study by night. by the day:(指工作报酬等)按日计算 (6Y.|u]bq  
a(s% 3"*Q  
e.g. Will you pay me by the day or by the hour? a,YU )v^  
16) can but只好……罢了 mdB~ ~ j  
e.g. We can but try to make him see how unreasonable he has been. cannot but:不得不,禁不住 -Wt (t2  
e.g. I cannot but tell her the truth.(=I cannot help telling her the truth) vJ a?5Jr  
17) come forth:出现,发行  {ch+G~oS  
e.g. Many new things are coming forth.. Do you know that a set of new stamps has come forth? come forward:自告奋勇,提出供讨论 They have come forward with an offer to help. The matter was deferred at last evening’s meeting but will come forward at our next session. @((Y[<  
18) compare … to比拟(指出其中的相似点) 1UwpLd  
e.g. Man’s life is often compared to a candle. compare … with:把……和……相比(指出其不同之处) }u `~lw(Z  
e.g. He compared his camera with mine. YM`I&!n  
19) consist in:包含在……中 F5(DA  
e.g. Happiness consists in good health. consist of:由……组成 <`P7^ 'z!  
e.g. The apartment consisted of two rooms and a kitchen. +p\+ 15  
20) end on:两端相碰,正对 .1@8rVp7  
e.g. The two ships collided each other end on. We shouldn’t place the bicycles end on. on end:竖着,连续地,不断地 <AN=@`+  
e.g. Place the box on end. She often works for 20 hours on end. _C&XwC Im  
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21) familiar to:某事为某人熟知 *{1]b_<  
gg+!e#-X  
e.g. There were facts not familiar to me. familiar with:熟悉或通晓某事 *;!p#qL  
f`Wces=5  
e.g. He is familiar with English German and French.. 9zac[t no  
f J$ >VN  
22) feel for sb.:同情某人,为某人难过 ,Z aPY  
D]B;5f  
e.g. I feel for you in your sorrow. feel for sth:(用手、脚、棍子等)摸索,寻找某物 nZP%Z=p7  
_]q%Hve  
e.g. She felt under the pillow for her watch E As1 =  
E*]%@6tH  
23) for a moment:片刻,一会儿 =qy{8MsjA  
#1VejeTi  
e.g. She was silent for a moment weighing in her mind the pros and cons. for the moment:此刻、暂时 r3mQoTvnv  
P%_PG%O2p  
e.g. I cannot recall his name for the moment. `bMwt?[*  
3lo.YLP^  
24) get down:下去,下来;写下来 \L4+Dv<z  
$]I" ,ef  
e.g. The bus was so jammed that I could not get down. Here’s the telephone number I got down for you. get down to:认真着手进行处理 kp>AZVk  
[&H?--I  
e.g. It is no good shirking the job it will have to be got down to. K.I  \E  
` 8OA:4).  
25) get into trouble with sb.:遭到某人的(训斥等) Qe;j_ BH  
BzyzOtBp3L  
e.g. Poor Tom is always getting into trouble with the boss. get sb. into trouble:使某人陷入困境 n=tg{_9f%  
]CZ&JL  
e.g. The letter got me into trouble. 26) give sb. a hand:帮助某人或参与某人做某事 {H$m1=S  
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e.g. Give me a hand with the cleaning please. give sb. one’s hand:与某人握手 L7 f'  
F2k)hG*|{  
e.g. She gave me her hand and wished me a good trip. 5p5S_%R$e  
`Q~`Eq?@  
27) go through:检查,搜查;通过,穿过 ^"hsbk&Yu  
0"O22<K3a  
e.g. They went through our luggage at the customs. It took us a whole week to go through the great forest. go through with:把……坚持到底 Y/aNrIK7  
\/ 8 V|E  
e.g. We should go through with the experiment now we’ve started. "Ca?liy  
q,H 0=\  
28) good for:有益于 Mk"V%)1k  
\%ZF<sV W  
e.g. This book is good for your English study. for good:永久地 wtL_c  
Ikbz3]F^V  
e.g. The lost money was gone for good. 29) have a fancy for:爱好,喜爱 3"OD"  
]\Tcy[5  
e.g. She has a fancy for nice clothes. have a fancy that:猜想,认为 ctg[C$<q|  
ixFuqPij  
e.g. I have a fancy that he will come tonight. ;v?!Pml2k  
SmJ6Fm6  
30) head up:领头;领导 R;*3";+v|:  
k 8Swra?j  
e.g. A band headed up the parade. Mr. Jones will head up the new business. heads up:注意,小心 'nFqq:2Xa  
Y :0SrB!\  
e.g. Heads up now You can do better than that. b6k'`vLA  
>/DyR+?>4  
31) in a way:在某种程度上 K8l|qe  
)D:I@`*  
e.g. In a way it is an important book. in the way:妨碍,挡路 I will visit you next weekend if there is nothing in the way. 4?AggqW  
U&D"fM8  
32) in black:穿黑色衣服 L##lXUl  
&.Jp,Xt)  
e.g. Arabian women are always dressed in black clothes. in the black:赢利,赚钱 New production methods put the company in the black. T{iv4`'  
pOCLyM9c  
33) in charge of:负责 I]]3=?Y  
;-d }\f ,  
e.g. Who is in charge of this work? in the charge of:照护 pN)9 GO5  
i '5Q.uX  
e.g. The patients are in the charge of the nurse. ag-\(i;K]  
Ocq.<#||H  
34) in hand:控制 k;w1y(  
c]>s(/}T  
e.g. There was a little rioting but the police soon had the situation in hand. hand in:递交,交给 -; TqdL@  
sS, Swgr  
e.g. He handed in his resignation in protest against it. iw\RQ 0  
/RuGh8qzP  
35) in one’s honor:向……表示敬意或感谢 4|uh&4"*@W  
&+\J "V8  
e.g. The day was kept as a holiday in honor of victory. on one’s honor:用人格担保 M1^?_;B  
kzG m D i  
e.g. We were on our honor not to cheat on the exam. 6.},y<E  
-aDGXQM{~  
36) in possession of:占有 oZxC.;xJ  
(PjC]`FK  
e.g. He is in possession of this house. in the possession of:被占有 I @TR|  
$R3]y9`?  
e.g. The keys are in the possession of the door keeper. PpD ?TAlA  
0Zp) DM  
37) in spirit:在内心,在精神上 37DyDzW)'  
W3s>+yU  
e.g. In spirit at least these laws were very fair. in spirits:情绪或心情(好、坏等) @vdBA hXk  
V(mz||'*  
e.g. He is in poor spirits because of his failing in the exam. eXY*l>B  
>M{=qs  
38) keep up:继续,保持 >NWrT^rk  
`LU[+F8<  
e.g. They entered into a correspondence which was kept up for almost ten years. keep up with:与……齐步前进,跟上 7U> Xi'?  
#T1py@b0zA  
e.g. With their help he has kept up with the class. ezn%*X y,  
#~l(t_m{  
39) look about:环视 jj2 [Zh/h  
n,hl6[OL7  
e.g. He looked about him with great interest. look about for:四处寻找 v#1}( hb  
Atc<xp  
e.g. She was looking about for the key she had just lost. | +osEHC  
r(;sX  
40) look up:向上看 U.]5UP:a  
6)i4&  
e.g. He looked up and nodded to me. look up to:尊敬 HriY-=ji>a  
FCL7Tn  
e.g. It must be rewarding to be looked up to by so many people. [=k$Q (.3  
5}S~8  
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41) make one’s way:开路 Rq`B'G9|c  
{}gx;v)  
e.g. As soon as he saw us the teacher made his way through the crowd to greet us. make one’s way to:向……走去 N_jpCCG~  
dsJMhB_41U  
e.g. In the evening we made our way to the appointed meeting place. s{g^K#BoFi  
7]\_7L |>]  
42) measure to:测量到某一精度 ckDWY<@v  
:Vdo.uUa  
e.g. Measure this part to mm. measure up to:够得上,可以匹敌 }EJAC*W,  
O4`am:@  
e.g. The new techniques measure up to advanced world standard. d WKjVf  
+\s32o zg  
43) more than:很,非常 O+f'Ql  
{3)^$F=T  
e.g. He was more than upset by the accident. more…than:比……更 +K2p2Dw(k  
#_(t46  
e.g. I regarded her more highly than me. "}|&eBH^<  
$3yzB9\a"  
44) much as:虽然 \d :AV(u  
}Bk>'  
e.g. Much as I should like to go I can’t go right now. as much:同样的或同样多少的 xZ=6  
"pA24Ze  
e.g. You have always helped me and I will always do as much for you. %DQ!#Nl*  
$bo,m2)  
45. no less than:不亚于,竟达……之多 ;rvZ!/  
5w9oMM {  
e.g. There were no less than one hundred people at the meeting. not less than:不比……差,至少 A?zxF5rfp  
o[Gp*o\  
e.g. There were not less than one hundred people at the meeting. 请大家注意区分以上两句的差别,第一句是指“竟达100人之多”,第二句则是“至少有100人”,要明白no less than是一种强调说法,它和not less than的区别在于事先假定的程度或是数量有所不同,no less than在某种意义上说来没有超过的意思,而not less than可能会超过,这种表达方式正好与no more than以及not more than相反。 w~a_FGYX  
(@(rz/H  
46. no more than:同样不;仅仅,只有 -dO9y=?t  
vyhxS.[9  
e.g. This book is no more interesting than that one. It is no more than empty talk. not more than:不比……更,不如;至多 SbYs a  
.dw;b~p  
e.g. He is not more clever than you are. There were not more than 5 factories in our city before liberation. k62KZ5| D  
b!l/O2 G  
47. on sale:出售的;廉价出售 S(NUuu}S  
o|njgmF;\  
e.g. Many new farm tools are on sale in this store. I got this book on sale it was very cheap. for sale:出售的,上市的 R=m9[TgBm  
(i)Ed9~F"  
e.g. I shall put these goods up for sale. 在作“出售的”的意思的时候,on sale和for sale还是有一些不同的,一般来说,for sale多指物主亲自或委托代理人经手出售,而on sale通常表示店里的货物是供出售的。 au?5^ u\  
Kc#42 C;t/  
48. once again:再一次 Qh{]gw-6  
 XKEbK\  
e.g. I want to try this once again. once and again:一再 HLYo+;j3|  
o4d[LV4DS  
e.g. I have told him once and again not to do that. |)pgUI2O[  
|$QL>{81  
49. out of question:毫无疑问,必定 X)^&5;\`  
)an,-EIX%  
e.g. Out of question this plan can be fulfilled ahead of time. out of the question:不可能的 =7P(T`j  
>XomjU[srQ  
e.g. What you propose is out of the question. !vwx0  
5;yVA  
50. refer to:提及,涉及 4 K<T_B/  
jb {5   
e.g. I would like to refer back to the first of my three points. refer to…as:称作,叫做 9xZ?}S:d  
d\ {a&\v  
e.g. Coal is often referred to as food for industry. r<XlIi  
]>'yt #]  
51. search sb.:认真搜查某人身体 ?:1)=I<A4  
v>]^wH>/"  
e.g. They searched him but nothing was found on him. search for sb.:搜查某地为找到某人 -7\6j#;l  
oEuo@\U05v  
e.g. They searched for him everywhere but failed. iT}L9\  
_0c$SK  
52. settle down:落下;定居 Q{))+'s2h  
cQ<* (KU  
e.g. The dust slowly settled down. He has settled down in the countryside. settle down to:专心致力于;逐渐习惯于 $v*0 \O  
; rJ  
e.g. He settled down to his homework. They settled down to a new job. /naGn@m5u  
9e xHR&>{  
53. speak for itself:不言而喻 xgQ]#{ tG  
4 fxD$%9  
e.g. One does not to be told that this fact speaks for itself. speak for oneself:发表本人的意见 ( O>oN~  
\ mt> R[  
e.g. What others think I do not know I can only speak for myself. oL 69w1  
p<9e5`& I  
54. submit to:屈服于 !1M=9 ~$!  
bk#t+tuk  
e.g. He has to submit to an operation. submit…to:提交 ^-'t`mRl]d  
^"Nsb&  
e.g. They must submit the case to the court Pv(icf l|  
m#oZu {  
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