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主题 : 2013年考博英语听力中影响理解的词组
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楼主  发表于: 2012-08-24   


1) a big time:尽兴,高兴的时刻 S]fu M%  
e.g. I had a big time there. the big time:第一流,最高级 e.g. Don’t worry you are in the big time now. @<P2di  
2) according to:按照,根据 Gko"iO#  
e.g. They were commended or criticized according to their work. according as:随……而定 nYSe 0w  
e.g. The thermometer rises or falls according as the air is hot or cold. *k7BE_&*0Z  
3) admit to:承认 A'#d:lOA  
e.g. I have to admit to a dislike for modern music. admit sb.(in) to:允许某人进入某地或加入某组织、行业 F q~uuQ  
e.g. They have admitted me into their club. eyK xnBz  
4) all for:完全赞成 X7!q/1$J  
e.g. I am all for holding a meeting to discuss it. for all:尽管 Zp)=l Td  
e.g. They could not open the box for all their forces. 0Agse)  
5) all in all:总的说来 F ,472H  
e.g. All in all it is a success. all in:疲倦,筋疲力尽 &IN%2c  
e.g. He was all in but he stuck it out. yMWh#[phH  
6) as it is (was):照目前的情况来看 hnFpC1TO  
e.g. As it is we shall be able to complete our task in time. as it were:可以说,姑且这样说 To(I<W|{  
e.g. He is as it were a walking dictionary. GqHW.s5  
7) as much as:几乎,实际上 Kkp dcc  
e.g. By running away he as much as admitted that he had taken the money. as much…as:与……一样多 @e<( o UE  
e.g. It is as much our responsibility as yours. yU!1q}L!  
8) as well:也,还是……为好 ^:-GPr  
e.g. He gave me advice and money as well. Since you have begun to do it you may as well finish it. as well as:不仅……而且,除……之外 ai-s9r'MI?  
e.g. With television we see a picture as well as hearing sound. Small towns as well as big cities are being rapidly industrialized. :m<&Ff}  
9) at one time从前某个时期 e.g. At one time we met frequently. at a time:每次,一次 srf}+>u&  
e.g. You can borrow only two books at a time. YTa g|If  
10) attach to:属于,归因于 d9$RmCHe}  
e.g. No blame attaches to him. attach oneself to:参加,加入 jTR?!Mt0  
e.g. He attached himself to the group of climbers. r>fGj\#R =  
11) be a credit to:为……增光 aB6xRn9  
e.g. I hope you will be a credit to your school. do credit to:为……增进荣誉 YHEn{ z7  
e.g. This piece of work does credit to you. dLp1l2h!0  
12) bear in mind:记住 \Sd8PGl*'  
e.g. I hope you will bear in mind all I am saying. have in mind:考虑 `sKyvPtG  
e.g. Don’t give your confidence to others regarding the plan you have in mind. B)Y[~4o  
13) begin with:以……为起点 l?*DGW(t{  
e.g. He advised me to begin with something easy. to begin with:首先 2'@m'4-N  
e.g. To begin with we must consider the problem from all sides. mU-2s%X<.^  
14) build up:逐步建成,增强 e\C-a4[C8P  
e.g. They are trying hard to build up an independent economy. He went for an ocean voyage and built up his health. build on:以……为基础,依赖 U:TkO=/>:  
e.g. Let’s build on your idea. We shall build on your supporting us. -US:a8`  
15) by day:在白天 [8 Pt$5]^  
e.g. Most of them work by day and study by night. by the day:(指工作报酬等)按日计算 fc+-/!v  
zhw* Bed<  
e.g. Will you pay me by the day or by the hour? A5Hx $.Z  
16) can but只好……罢了 RU ~na/3  
e.g. We can but try to make him see how unreasonable he has been. cannot but:不得不,禁不住 K}CgFBk  
e.g. I cannot but tell her the truth.(=I cannot help telling her the truth) ;NA5G:eQ  
17) come forth:出现,发行 Be|! S_Y P  
e.g. Many new things are coming forth.. Do you know that a set of new stamps has come forth? come forward:自告奋勇,提出供讨论 They have come forward with an offer to help. The matter was deferred at last evening’s meeting but will come forward at our next session. Qbv@}[f  
18) compare … to比拟(指出其中的相似点) 4fKvB@O@.  
e.g. Man’s life is often compared to a candle. compare … with:把……和……相比(指出其不同之处) 3wv@wqx  
e.g. He compared his camera with mine. w<H Xe  
19) consist in:包含在……中 G^ GIHd o  
e.g. Happiness consists in good health. consist of:由……组成 nG'Yo8I^5  
e.g. The apartment consisted of two rooms and a kitchen. X )!XR/?  
20) end on:两端相碰,正对 9&* 7+!  
e.g. The two ships collided each other end on. We shouldn’t place the bicycles end on. on end:竖着,连续地,不断地 -4x! #|]  
e.g. Place the box on end. She often works for 20 hours on end. <~dfp  
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21) familiar to:某事为某人熟知 )"\= _E#  
e.g. There were facts not familiar to me. familiar with:熟悉或通晓某事 JAHg_!  
e.g. He is familiar with English German and French.. jP<6J(  
22) feel for sb.:同情某人,为某人难过 qK$O /g,  
e.g. I feel for you in your sorrow. feel for sth:(用手、脚、棍子等)摸索,寻找某物 }m<+tn 3m  
p8 S~`fjV  
e.g. She felt under the pillow for her watch Dl.< (/  
23) for a moment:片刻,一会儿 iY`[d sT  
e.g. She was silent for a moment weighing in her mind the pros and cons. for the moment:此刻、暂时 imADjBR]  
e.g. I cannot recall his name for the moment. YN)qMI_ `A  
F lVG,Z  
24) get down:下去,下来;写下来 \GHj_r  
e.g. The bus was so jammed that I could not get down. Here’s the telephone number I got down for you. get down to:认真着手进行处理 B[mZQ&Gz`a  
.K ^gh$z!  
e.g. It is no good shirking the job it will have to be got down to. LntRLB'  
25) get into trouble with sb.:遭到某人的(训斥等) W/RB|TMT  
e.g. Poor Tom is always getting into trouble with the boss. get sb. into trouble:使某人陷入困境 sz%]rN6$  
E @r &K  
e.g. The letter got me into trouble. 26) give sb. a hand:帮助某人或参与某人做某事 0xi2 VN"X  
I RLAsb3  
e.g. Give me a hand with the cleaning please. give sb. one’s hand:与某人握手 QX?moW6UW  
e.g. She gave me her hand and wished me a good trip. LTx,oa:ma  
27) go through:检查,搜查;通过,穿过 Jl\U~i  
e.g. They went through our luggage at the customs. It took us a whole week to go through the great forest. go through with:把……坚持到底 @(6P L^I  
e.g. We should go through with the experiment now we’ve started. ?Z!R  
bWp)' mx5u  
28) good for:有益于 1.,KN:qe  
e.g. This book is good for your English study. for good:永久地 Lf.Ia *R:  
e.g. The lost money was gone for good. 29) have a fancy for:爱好,喜爱 .LM|@OeaD!  
//3fgol y  
e.g. She has a fancy for nice clothes. have a fancy that:猜想,认为 lwG)&qyVd  
3:w_49~: ~  
e.g. I have a fancy that he will come tonight. )yz) Fw|&  
30) head up:领头;领导 DoBQ$Ke p  
_/ 5  
e.g. A band headed up the parade. Mr. Jones will head up the new business. heads up:注意,小心 Vv`94aQTD  
e.g. Heads up now You can do better than that. =~ ,2E;#X  
31) in a way:在某种程度上 (bpxj3@R  
e.g. In a way it is an important book. in the way:妨碍,挡路 I will visit you next weekend if there is nothing in the way. XE0b9q954  
32) in black:穿黑色衣服 5)rN#_BKj  
e.g. Arabian women are always dressed in black clothes. in the black:赢利,赚钱 New production methods put the company in the black. WS@"8+re;  
33) in charge of:负责 EZp >Cf7  
]W`M <hEI  
e.g. Who is in charge of this work? in the charge of:照护 }QCn>LXE  
e.g. The patients are in the charge of the nurse. GUJ?6;  
!4z vkJO  
34) in hand:控制 V~-tp ^  
e.g. There was a little rioting but the police soon had the situation in hand. hand in:递交,交给 " w /Odd  
e.g. He handed in his resignation in protest against it. k|jr+hmn":  
35) in one’s honor:向……表示敬意或感谢 s? Gv/&  
c:B` <  
e.g. The day was kept as a holiday in honor of victory. on one’s honor:用人格担保 r0pwKRE~t  
e.g. We were on our honor not to cheat on the exam. d<m.5ECC}  
36) in possession of:占有 <1QXZfQ"  
 Oe "%v;-  
e.g. He is in possession of this house. in the possession of:被占有 mM{cH=  
S C}@eA'  
e.g. The keys are in the possession of the door keeper. R$Qhu xT|  
NE Zu?g  
37) in spirit:在内心,在精神上 B)P]C5KRD  
e.g. In spirit at least these laws were very fair. in spirits:情绪或心情(好、坏等) )4 ,U  
e.g. He is in poor spirits because of his failing in the exam. v}IhO~`uEq  
38) keep up:继续,保持 fILvEf4b  
e.g. They entered into a correspondence which was kept up for almost ten years. keep up with:与……齐步前进,跟上 y(^\]-fE  
e.g. With their help he has kept up with the class. nC!L<OMr  
Z B!~@Vf  
39) look about:环视 sN#ju5  
e.g. He looked about him with great interest. look about for:四处寻找 iHvWJ<" jR  
e.g. She was looking about for the key she had just lost. +B&+FGfNU  
40) look up:向上看 7lKatk+7K  
e.g. He looked up and nodded to me. look up to:尊敬 lJT"aXt'M  
Sn' +~6i  
e.g. It must be rewarding to be looked up to by so many people. cRWB`&  
"7j E&I  
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41) make one’s way:开路 ;Me*# /  
e.g. As soon as he saw us the teacher made his way through the crowd to greet us. make one’s way to:向……走去 bX` Gv+  
2% OAQ(  
e.g. In the evening we made our way to the appointed meeting place. #N'9 w .  
42) measure to:测量到某一精度 Jyr V2Tk^  
e.g. Measure this part to mm. measure up to:够得上,可以匹敌 ,VSO;:Z  
e.g. The new techniques measure up to advanced world standard. x{t lC}t  
43) more than:很,非常  X)+6>\  
e.g. He was more than upset by the accident. more…than:比……更 I0z7bx  
e.g. I regarded her more highly than me. ={V@Y-5T  
{ I\og  
44) much as:虽然 slUi)@b  
gZ7R^] k  
e.g. Much as I should like to go I can’t go right now. as much:同样的或同样多少的 W I MBw mg  
8&| o  
e.g. You have always helped me and I will always do as much for you. KAI2[ gs  
45. no less than:不亚于,竟达……之多 8T6N G!/  
o ] z#~^w  
e.g. There were no less than one hundred people at the meeting. not less than:不比……差,至少 nPqpat`E  
e.g. There were not less than one hundred people at the meeting. 请大家注意区分以上两句的差别,第一句是指“竟达100人之多”,第二句则是“至少有100人”,要明白no less than是一种强调说法,它和not less than的区别在于事先假定的程度或是数量有所不同,no less than在某种意义上说来没有超过的意思,而not less than可能会超过,这种表达方式正好与no more than以及not more than相反。 g$?^bu dxv  
r~ 2*'zB  
46. no more than:同样不;仅仅,只有 E G\;l9T  
e.g. This book is no more interesting than that one. It is no more than empty talk. not more than:不比……更,不如;至多 jy?*`q1]  
}^ ,D~b-nB  
e.g. He is not more clever than you are. There were not more than 5 factories in our city before liberation. r]Wt!oHm5  
47. on sale:出售的;廉价出售 #~"IlBk\  
e.g. Many new farm tools are on sale in this store. I got this book on sale it was very cheap. for sale:出售的,上市的 3mo4;F,h9  
f!w/zC .  
e.g. I shall put these goods up for sale. 在作“出售的”的意思的时候,on sale和for sale还是有一些不同的,一般来说,for sale多指物主亲自或委托代理人经手出售,而on sale通常表示店里的货物是供出售的。 jS##zC  
48. once again:再一次 aSX4~UYB=  
e.g. I want to try this once again. once and again:一再 nH6SA1$kW  
e.g. I have told him once and again not to do that. pka^7OWyN  
4A6Y \ZXI  
49. out of question:毫无疑问,必定 o&Xp%}TI  
e.g. Out of question this plan can be fulfilled ahead of time. out of the question:不可能的 9]oT/ooM  
ION o&~-l  
e.g. What you propose is out of the question. * $fM}6}  
B=& [Z2  
50. refer to:提及,涉及 ZF[W<Q  
e.g. I would like to refer back to the first of my three points. refer to…as:称作,叫做 Jj>Rzj!m  
e.g. Coal is often referred to as food for industry. h$!YKfhq}  
51. search sb.:认真搜查某人身体 3Z9Yzv)A  
e.g. They searched him but nothing was found on him. search for sb.:搜查某地为找到某人 sPvs}}Z]P  
Et N,  
e.g. They searched for him everywhere but failed. a~0 ~Y y  
52. settle down:落下;定居 E b[;nk?  
e.g. The dust slowly settled down. He has settled down in the countryside. settle down to:专心致力于;逐渐习惯于 L?N&kzA  
e.g. He settled down to his homework. They settled down to a new job. B.5+!z&7  
%ln kD5  
53. speak for itself:不言而喻 V_J0I*Qa4  
e.g. One does not to be told that this fact speaks for itself. speak for oneself:发表本人的意见 g@>l lve{  
e.g. What others think I do not know I can only speak for myself. V0,JTWc  
D}y W:Pi'  
54. submit to:屈服于 Sz Mh  
_S ng55s  
e.g. He has to submit to an operation. submit…to:提交 62R";# K  
e.g. They must submit the case to the court C5dM`_3L  

3+5=? 正确答案:8