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主题 : 2013年考博英语听力中影响理解的词组
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2013年考博英语听力中影响理解的词组

1) a big time:尽兴,高兴的时刻 6e8 gFQ"w2  
e.g. I had a big time there. the big time:第一流,最高级 e.g. Don’t worry you are in the big time now. gyb99c,)  
2) according to:按照,根据 +0?1"2  
e.g. They were commended or criticized according to their work. according as:随……而定 t#xfso`4o  
e.g. The thermometer rises or falls according as the air is hot or cold. Cs(sar:7  
3) admit to:承认 ! 1=*"H%t  
e.g. I have to admit to a dislike for modern music. admit sb.(in) to:允许某人进入某地或加入某组织、行业 SK#&%Yk  
e.g. They have admitted me into their club. $ x:N/mMu`  
4) all for:完全赞成 zE<Iv\Q  
e.g. I am all for holding a meeting to discuss it. for all:尽管 ; NH^+h  
e.g. They could not open the box for all their forces. Rx.v/H  
5) all in all:总的说来 8ok=&Gq4  
e.g. All in all it is a success. all in:疲倦,筋疲力尽 4i PVpro  
e.g. He was all in but he stuck it out. ?% [~J  
6) as it is (was):照目前的情况来看 |Iwglb!k  
e.g. As it is we shall be able to complete our task in time. as it were:可以说,姑且这样说  yIcTc  
e.g. He is as it were a walking dictionary. aU~?&]  
7) as much as:几乎,实际上 F(#?-MCs  
e.g. By running away he as much as admitted that he had taken the money. as much…as:与……一样多 KzP{bK5/  
e.g. It is as much our responsibility as yours. Gx8!AmeX  
8) as well:也,还是……为好 YVwpqOE.=  
e.g. He gave me advice and money as well. Since you have begun to do it you may as well finish it. as well as:不仅……而且,除……之外 s[sv4hq  
e.g. With television we see a picture as well as hearing sound. Small towns as well as big cities are being rapidly industrialized. ,~=]3qmbR  
9) at one time从前某个时期 e.g. At one time we met frequently. at a time:每次,一次 pr,,E[  
e.g. You can borrow only two books at a time. ,:e~aG,B  
10) attach to:属于,归因于 ?].MnwYo  
e.g. No blame attaches to him. attach oneself to:参加,加入 &92/qRh7  
e.g. He attached himself to the group of climbers. DnFzCJ  
11) be a credit to:为……增光 Eamt_/LKf  
e.g. I hope you will be a credit to your school. do credit to:为……增进荣誉 6^WNwe\  
e.g. This piece of work does credit to you. a_V\[V{R=  
12) bear in mind:记住 =T,Q7Dh  
e.g. I hope you will bear in mind all I am saying. have in mind:考虑 -R]0cefC<f  
e.g. Don’t give your confidence to others regarding the plan you have in mind. P,ueLG=  
13) begin with:以……为起点 R\5,H!V9n  
e.g. He advised me to begin with something easy. to begin with:首先 Uu WIT3W>%  
e.g. To begin with we must consider the problem from all sides. Jgv Mx  
14) build up:逐步建成,增强 O{_t*sO9q*  
e.g. They are trying hard to build up an independent economy. He went for an ocean voyage and built up his health. build on:以……为基础,依赖 8&G9 ?n`I5  
e.g. Let’s build on your idea. We shall build on your supporting us. 'RV96lX<  
15) by day:在白天 "D _r</b  
e.g. Most of them work by day and study by night. by the day:(指工作报酬等)按日计算 J)>DsQ+Cj  
% -!%n= P  
e.g. Will you pay me by the day or by the hour? FC] *^B  
16) can but只好……罢了 |${4sUR  
e.g. We can but try to make him see how unreasonable he has been. cannot but:不得不,禁不住 d\JaYizp  
e.g. I cannot but tell her the truth.(=I cannot help telling her the truth) xrPZy*Y,  
17) come forth:出现,发行 5G}4z>-]F)  
e.g. Many new things are coming forth.. Do you know that a set of new stamps has come forth? come forward:自告奋勇,提出供讨论 They have come forward with an offer to help. The matter was deferred at last evening’s meeting but will come forward at our next session. f%,S::%Ea  
18) compare … to比拟(指出其中的相似点) *'-4%7C`1  
e.g. Man’s life is often compared to a candle. compare … with:把……和……相比(指出其不同之处) ks0Q+YW  
e.g. He compared his camera with mine. k~8-E u1  
19) consist in:包含在……中 -xHR6  
e.g. Happiness consists in good health. consist of:由……组成 x#EE_i/W  
e.g. The apartment consisted of two rooms and a kitchen. o1ZVEvp  
20) end on:两端相碰,正对 Wlhh0uy  
e.g. The two ships collided each other end on. We shouldn’t place the bicycles end on. on end:竖着,连续地,不断地 i wgt\ux.  
e.g. Place the box on end. She often works for 20 hours on end. }ssV"5M  
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21) familiar to:某事为某人熟知 Z_q+Ac{p  
q 6>eb  
e.g. There were facts not familiar to me. familiar with:熟悉或通晓某事 62sl6WWS3  
%y RGN  
e.g. He is familiar with English German and French.. 1CB&z@  
pp@ Owpb  
22) feel for sb.:同情某人,为某人难过 gK rUv0&F  
u_k[< &$  
e.g. I feel for you in your sorrow. feel for sth:(用手、脚、棍子等)摸索,寻找某物 _9h$8(wjn  
Vf cIR(  
e.g. She felt under the pillow for her watch Ixa0;nxj  
4qid+ [B  
23) for a moment:片刻,一会儿 IbI0".o  
`;UWq{"  
e.g. She was silent for a moment weighing in her mind the pros and cons. for the moment:此刻、暂时 a:cci?cb  
PT~htG<Fw  
e.g. I cannot recall his name for the moment. FP= B/!g  
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24) get down:下去,下来;写下来 EOB8|:*  
}-oba _  
e.g. The bus was so jammed that I could not get down. Here’s the telephone number I got down for you. get down to:认真着手进行处理 ;u<Ah?w=Z  
tpJA~!mG3  
e.g. It is no good shirking the job it will have to be got down to. Bv<gVt  
Xz^nm\  
25) get into trouble with sb.:遭到某人的(训斥等) ~Gfytn9x.;  
$*0-+h  
e.g. Poor Tom is always getting into trouble with the boss. get sb. into trouble:使某人陷入困境 qZd*'ki<  
b? ); D  
e.g. The letter got me into trouble. 26) give sb. a hand:帮助某人或参与某人做某事 jrQ0-D%M d  
Pe@# 6N`  
e.g. Give me a hand with the cleaning please. give sb. one’s hand:与某人握手 zH]oAu=H  
9S%5 Z>  
e.g. She gave me her hand and wished me a good trip. Q a (Sb  
W![K#r5T  
27) go through:检查,搜查;通过,穿过 A)U"F&tvm  
E;a,].  
e.g. They went through our luggage at the customs. It took us a whole week to go through the great forest. go through with:把……坚持到底 8B G Z  
"-&K!Vfs  
e.g. We should go through with the experiment now we’ve started. aGbG@c8PRi  
aF 2vgE\  
28) good for:有益于 Eg)24C R 4  
0b{jox\!B  
e.g. This book is good for your English study. for good:永久地 *p(_="J,  
U"r*kO %  
e.g. The lost money was gone for good. 29) have a fancy for:爱好,喜爱 }k }=e  
$ \u\ 4 n  
e.g. She has a fancy for nice clothes. have a fancy that:猜想,认为 ;U(]#pW!t  
LQ~|VRRX<  
e.g. I have a fancy that he will come tonight. '7'/+G'~&  
4!/QB6  
30) head up:领头;领导 !P{ /;Q  
.+9*5  
e.g. A band headed up the parade. Mr. Jones will head up the new business. heads up:注意,小心 ClKWf\(ii6  
|qX ?F`  
e.g. Heads up now You can do better than that. *F( qg%1+  
wH|%3 @eJ  
31) in a way:在某种程度上 4np2I~ !  
*O$|,EsY  
e.g. In a way it is an important book. in the way:妨碍,挡路 I will visit you next weekend if there is nothing in the way. N*A*\B%{x'  
={B C0,  
32) in black:穿黑色衣服 T:Cq}4k<  
Osqk#Oh  
e.g. Arabian women are always dressed in black clothes. in the black:赢利,赚钱 New production methods put the company in the black. KiXfR\S~C  
+'m9b7+v  
33) in charge of:负责 ] |3hK/  
iM8Cw/DS  
e.g. Who is in charge of this work? in the charge of:照护 Y7S1^'E 3  
% f;v$rsZ  
e.g. The patients are in the charge of the nurse. ]C^ #)7  
n T|WJ%  
34) in hand:控制 5 SQ!^1R 9  
f hK<P_}  
e.g. There was a little rioting but the police soon had the situation in hand. hand in:递交,交给 Kii@Z5R_?  
w yxPvI`   
e.g. He handed in his resignation in protest against it. f_ MK4  
/5E0'y,|P  
35) in one’s honor:向……表示敬意或感谢 ?J$k 5;  
">7xSWR*4  
e.g. The day was kept as a holiday in honor of victory. on one’s honor:用人格担保 S(3h{Y"#  
PZ/ tkw  
e.g. We were on our honor not to cheat on the exam. kVLZdXn,q2  
9(fh+  
36) in possession of:占有 RV@B[:  
< R"Y^]P=  
e.g. He is in possession of this house. in the possession of:被占有 uNy-r`vg  
@|\;#$?XW3  
e.g. The keys are in the possession of the door keeper. 8/2Wq~&  
(f"Qz~R|6_  
37) in spirit:在内心,在精神上 ,w"cY?~<  
pKXSJ"Xo  
e.g. In spirit at least these laws were very fair. in spirits:情绪或心情(好、坏等) -0a3eg)Z*  
yVzV]&k  
e.g. He is in poor spirits because of his failing in the exam. n jd2  
zk }SEt-  
38) keep up:继续,保持 !rgXB(  
[W$x5|Z}Q  
e.g. They entered into a correspondence which was kept up for almost ten years. keep up with:与……齐步前进,跟上 :M;|0w*b  
B_#M)d O  
e.g. With their help he has kept up with the class. vy [7I8f{  
gs}&a3d7k  
39) look about:环视 Bph(\= W  
860y9wzU  
e.g. He looked about him with great interest. look about for:四处寻找 \B 8j9  
hJFxT8B/  
e.g. She was looking about for the key she had just lost. G wgY{-|`  
Oc~<`C~  
40) look up:向上看 vzAY+EEx  
_ y'g11 \  
e.g. He looked up and nodded to me. look up to:尊敬 {'P?wv  
M$v\7vBgO!  
e.g. It must be rewarding to be looked up to by so many people. xE_~.EoB  
T*k{^=6"!  
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41) make one’s way:开路 x;&iLQZh  
#%CB`l  
e.g. As soon as he saw us the teacher made his way through the crowd to greet us. make one’s way to:向……走去 /u"K`y/*j\  
Y4Jaw2b  
e.g. In the evening we made our way to the appointed meeting place. 1VXn`O?LW  
|'k7 ;UW  
42) measure to:测量到某一精度 n7#}i2:  
,7Q b24A  
e.g. Measure this part to mm. measure up to:够得上,可以匹敌 s9b+uUt%  
b 9 l%5a  
e.g. The new techniques measure up to advanced world standard. r[nvgzv@  
U)S!@ 2(4  
43) more than:很,非常 CDFX>>N  
2,6|l.WFpE  
e.g. He was more than upset by the accident. more…than:比……更 [@/x  
C/z0/mk  
e.g. I regarded her more highly than me. D89 (u.h  
,h9N,bIQg  
44) much as:虽然 Z=144n 1  
Q[%+y.  
e.g. Much as I should like to go I can’t go right now. as much:同样的或同样多少的 d/I*$UC  
S4>1d-  
e.g. You have always helped me and I will always do as much for you. 6  8a  
>KCnmi  
45. no less than:不亚于,竟达……之多 ,a@jg&Mb]  
8CGjI?j  
e.g. There were no less than one hundred people at the meeting. not less than:不比……差,至少 tq8rG@-C  
OR-fC  
e.g. There were not less than one hundred people at the meeting. 请大家注意区分以上两句的差别,第一句是指“竟达100人之多”,第二句则是“至少有100人”,要明白no less than是一种强调说法,它和not less than的区别在于事先假定的程度或是数量有所不同,no less than在某种意义上说来没有超过的意思,而not less than可能会超过,这种表达方式正好与no more than以及not more than相反。 {edjvPlk  
A:Kit_A  
46. no more than:同样不;仅仅,只有 GPU,.s"&(  
s% (|z  
e.g. This book is no more interesting than that one. It is no more than empty talk. not more than:不比……更,不如;至多 #BwkbOgr  
Ab)X/g-I @  
e.g. He is not more clever than you are. There were not more than 5 factories in our city before liberation. ]^DNzqu=@h  
 C\5"Kb  
47. on sale:出售的;廉价出售 m\ (crkN  
& 0%x6vea  
e.g. Many new farm tools are on sale in this store. I got this book on sale it was very cheap. for sale:出售的,上市的 D eM/B5qw  
e"ur+7  
e.g. I shall put these goods up for sale. 在作“出售的”的意思的时候,on sale和for sale还是有一些不同的,一般来说,for sale多指物主亲自或委托代理人经手出售,而on sale通常表示店里的货物是供出售的。 0fQMOTpOp  
t73" d#+  
48. once again:再一次 nEboet-#D0  
wYLJEuS|  
e.g. I want to try this once again. once and again:一再 `\5u/i'Ca!  
6,UW5389  
e.g. I have told him once and again not to do that. DE_ <LN  
%cFqD &6  
49. out of question:毫无疑问,必定 hV7]/z!d  
`78)|a*R.  
e.g. Out of question this plan can be fulfilled ahead of time. out of the question:不可能的 4-veO3&.h  
eg Zb)pP  
e.g. What you propose is out of the question. QFX )Nov];  
y ZR\(\?<  
50. refer to:提及,涉及 d\A!5/LG  
v[I,N$ :  
e.g. I would like to refer back to the first of my three points. refer to…as:称作,叫做 bAZ x*qE=  
- TU^*  
e.g. Coal is often referred to as food for industry. |w w@V<'/#  
2UJjYrm  
51. search sb.:认真搜查某人身体 $~FnBD%|{  
<9jN4hV  
e.g. They searched him but nothing was found on him. search for sb.:搜查某地为找到某人 MiB}10  
P{gy/'PH,  
e.g. They searched for him everywhere but failed. .P5OUK  
yTwtGo&  
52. settle down:落下;定居 A4`3yy{0-  
JuTIP6 /G  
e.g. The dust slowly settled down. He has settled down in the countryside. settle down to:专心致力于;逐渐习惯于 >0Gdxj]\  
@dx$&;w  
e.g. He settled down to his homework. They settled down to a new job. i_M0P12  
h1+lVAQbT  
53. speak for itself:不言而喻 h#Q Sx@U6  
dD.;P=AP  
e.g. One does not to be told that this fact speaks for itself. speak for oneself:发表本人的意见 ,3~[cE<4  
h}knn3"S  
e.g. What others think I do not know I can only speak for myself. n 0rAOkW  
1b4/   
54. submit to:屈服于 7ts`uI<E@7  
! uX0G4  
e.g. He has to submit to an operation. submit…to:提交 |fhYf t  
vE<z0 l  
e.g. They must submit the case to the court ;r.0=Uo9]  
MQvk& AX  
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