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主题 : 2013年考博英语听力中影响理解的词组
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楼主  发表于: 2012-08-24   

2013年考博英语听力中影响理解的词组

1) a big time:尽兴,高兴的时刻 [Z;H= `  
e.g. I had a big time there. the big time:第一流,最高级 e.g. Don’t worry you are in the big time now. (y\.uPu!  
2) according to:按照,根据  n$>_2v  
e.g. They were commended or criticized according to their work. according as:随……而定 qC=ZH#  
e.g. The thermometer rises or falls according as the air is hot or cold. d7x6r3J$  
3) admit to:承认 =%u=ma;  
e.g. I have to admit to a dislike for modern music. admit sb.(in) to:允许某人进入某地或加入某组织、行业 sebuuL.l0<  
e.g. They have admitted me into their club. 5-'Z.[ImB?  
4) all for:完全赞成 Q&PEO%/D  
e.g. I am all for holding a meeting to discuss it. for all:尽管 &sXk!!85:  
e.g. They could not open the box for all their forces.  gF;C% }  
5) all in all:总的说来 0&Iu+hv  
e.g. All in all it is a success. all in:疲倦,筋疲力尽 goD#2lg  
e.g. He was all in but he stuck it out. B < H D  
6) as it is (was):照目前的情况来看 qA25P<  
e.g. As it is we shall be able to complete our task in time. as it were:可以说,姑且这样说 a", 8N"'  
e.g. He is as it were a walking dictionary. A9Pq}3U  
7) as much as:几乎,实际上 n^|7ycB'  
e.g. By running away he as much as admitted that he had taken the money. as much…as:与……一样多 \TYH7wXDP  
e.g. It is as much our responsibility as yours. +<f+kh2L  
8) as well:也,还是……为好 C [8='i26  
e.g. He gave me advice and money as well. Since you have begun to do it you may as well finish it. as well as:不仅……而且,除……之外 1vq c8lC  
e.g. With television we see a picture as well as hearing sound. Small towns as well as big cities are being rapidly industrialized. 5fp&!HnG  
9) at one time从前某个时期 e.g. At one time we met frequently. at a time:每次,一次 4]%MrSjS  
e.g. You can borrow only two books at a time. F)S?>P&  
10) attach to:属于,归因于 N'21I$D  
e.g. No blame attaches to him. attach oneself to:参加,加入 rC,ZRFF  
e.g. He attached himself to the group of climbers. qx?0]!x  
11) be a credit to:为……增光 d#I; e  
e.g. I hope you will be a credit to your school. do credit to:为……增进荣誉 quq!Jswn  
e.g. This piece of work does credit to you. O tR  
12) bear in mind:记住 U/\LOIs  
e.g. I hope you will bear in mind all I am saying. have in mind:考虑 <2^ F'bQV  
e.g. Don’t give your confidence to others regarding the plan you have in mind. cA!o xti  
13) begin with:以……为起点 &Z7NF|  
e.g. He advised me to begin with something easy. to begin with:首先 O[9A}g2~  
e.g. To begin with we must consider the problem from all sides. Z. xOO|  
14) build up:逐步建成,增强 difAQ<`  
e.g. They are trying hard to build up an independent economy. He went for an ocean voyage and built up his health. build on:以……为基础,依赖 -&np/tEu&  
e.g. Let’s build on your idea. We shall build on your supporting us. lfLLk?g3k  
15) by day:在白天 !L@a ;L  
e.g. Most of them work by day and study by night. by the day:(指工作报酬等)按日计算 *p^*>~i9)  
 U%tpNWB  
e.g. Will you pay me by the day or by the hour? 6CNxb  
16) can but只好……罢了 'L veCi_  
e.g. We can but try to make him see how unreasonable he has been. cannot but:不得不,禁不住 Sfffm$H  
e.g. I cannot but tell her the truth.(=I cannot help telling her the truth) 0NyM|  
17) come forth:出现,发行 -1]8f  
e.g. Many new things are coming forth.. Do you know that a set of new stamps has come forth? come forward:自告奋勇,提出供讨论 They have come forward with an offer to help. The matter was deferred at last evening’s meeting but will come forward at our next session. _Xfn  
18) compare … to比拟(指出其中的相似点) cGv `%  
e.g. Man’s life is often compared to a candle. compare … with:把……和……相比(指出其不同之处) wv&%09U  
e.g. He compared his camera with mine. =XZd _v  
19) consist in:包含在……中 Y;>D"C..  
e.g. Happiness consists in good health. consist of:由……组成 :v8~'cZ  
e.g. The apartment consisted of two rooms and a kitchen. rL6Y4u0e%  
20) end on:两端相碰,正对 sN@=Ri?\  
e.g. The two ships collided each other end on. We shouldn’t place the bicycles end on. on end:竖着,连续地,不断地 xn2f!\%p  
e.g. Place the box on end. She often works for 20 hours on end. s.>;(RiJd  
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21) familiar to:某事为某人熟知 fH ?s~X]  
3mLtnRX[m  
e.g. There were facts not familiar to me. familiar with:熟悉或通晓某事 e c4vX  
1 ac;6`  
e.g. He is familiar with English German and French.. 7uxUqM  
NrWgaPO)i  
22) feel for sb.:同情某人,为某人难过 lD@`xq.M;  
jLF,R7t  
e.g. I feel for you in your sorrow. feel for sth:(用手、脚、棍子等)摸索,寻找某物 3s$vaV~(a  
cxn*!TwDs  
e.g. She felt under the pillow for her watch R9)"%SO<y  
d9.~W5^fC  
23) for a moment:片刻,一会儿 P,={ C6*  
y}GFtRNG  
e.g. She was silent for a moment weighing in her mind the pros and cons. for the moment:此刻、暂时 G?5Vj_n  
/=S\v<z  
e.g. I cannot recall his name for the moment. HCZVvsG  
4s7&*dJ  
24) get down:下去,下来;写下来 rqz`F\A;%  
1Y(NxC0P=g  
e.g. The bus was so jammed that I could not get down. Here’s the telephone number I got down for you. get down to:认真着手进行处理 !]t5(g_  
0artR ~*}  
e.g. It is no good shirking the job it will have to be got down to. .1A/hAdU  
fO t?2Bh  
25) get into trouble with sb.:遭到某人的(训斥等) /SD (g@G,  
VhLS*YiSY  
e.g. Poor Tom is always getting into trouble with the boss. get sb. into trouble:使某人陷入困境 MWJ}  
K2!GpGZu  
e.g. The letter got me into trouble. 26) give sb. a hand:帮助某人或参与某人做某事 x|GkXD3  
~+CEek  
e.g. Give me a hand with the cleaning please. give sb. one’s hand:与某人握手 -SUK [<=X  
}}u16x}*n  
e.g. She gave me her hand and wished me a good trip. T$*#q('1"}  
KuZZKh  
27) go through:检查,搜查;通过,穿过 jhH&}d9  
PpezWo)9  
e.g. They went through our luggage at the customs. It took us a whole week to go through the great forest. go through with:把……坚持到底 V-k x=M"k  
7[ZoUWx  
e.g. We should go through with the experiment now we’ve started. @Io@1[kj  
\HQw$E/ p  
28) good for:有益于 iaHL&)[YK  
ToM1#]4  
e.g. This book is good for your English study. for good:永久地 REWW(.3o  
`wKd##v'@  
e.g. The lost money was gone for good. 29) have a fancy for:爱好,喜爱 }h1y^fuGi  
NK6 ~qWsu  
e.g. She has a fancy for nice clothes. have a fancy that:猜想,认为 </!GU*  
m\G45%m  
e.g. I have a fancy that he will come tonight. jwmPy)X|s\  
){*9$486  
30) head up:领头;领导 Q'rgh+6  
QXEz  
e.g. A band headed up the parade. Mr. Jones will head up the new business. heads up:注意,小心 #=N6[:,  
kQD~v+u {`  
e.g. Heads up now You can do better than that. IO7cRg'-F  
*#83U?  
31) in a way:在某种程度上 zMh`Uqid  
|_OoD9,M  
e.g. In a way it is an important book. in the way:妨碍,挡路 I will visit you next weekend if there is nothing in the way. T%4yPmY  
|k#EYf#Y  
32) in black:穿黑色衣服 {t|Q9&  
49= K]X  
e.g. Arabian women are always dressed in black clothes. in the black:赢利,赚钱 New production methods put the company in the black. 'EC0|IT)c  
w5=<}1`St  
33) in charge of:负责 e5(c,,/  
rJ(AO'=  
e.g. Who is in charge of this work? in the charge of:照护 0{/'[o7  
NjKC{L5S:  
e.g. The patients are in the charge of the nurse. ;H9 W:_ahE  
#'. '|z  
34) in hand:控制 2V*;=cv~z  
%4})_h?j  
e.g. There was a little rioting but the police soon had the situation in hand. hand in:递交,交给 F~/~_9RJ  
yji>vJHu  
e.g. He handed in his resignation in protest against it. *ZIX76y<!A  
:s1.TQ;Y(  
35) in one’s honor:向……表示敬意或感谢 WBR# Ux  
5=  V29  
e.g. The day was kept as a holiday in honor of victory. on one’s honor:用人格担保 yq!peFu  
(:R5"|]@<x  
e.g. We were on our honor not to cheat on the exam. {\X$vaF  
@2`nBtk  
36) in possession of:占有 `|mV~F|  
qcge#S>  
e.g. He is in possession of this house. in the possession of:被占有 ru|*xNXKgC  
, eSpt#M  
e.g. The keys are in the possession of the door keeper. &da:{  
u95D0S  
37) in spirit:在内心,在精神上 olKM0K  
TaF;P GjVw  
e.g. In spirit at least these laws were very fair. in spirits:情绪或心情(好、坏等) ,$U~<Zd  
W$W w/mcl+  
e.g. He is in poor spirits because of his failing in the exam. 6PC?*^v  
Eo6qC?5<  
38) keep up:继续,保持 xNa66A-8  
B ]sVlbt  
e.g. They entered into a correspondence which was kept up for almost ten years. keep up with:与……齐步前进,跟上 8L]Cc!~  
'8FHn~F  
e.g. With their help he has kept up with the class. tY:,9eh7B  
P@% L.y B  
39) look about:环视 I!Mkss xc  
s#8T46?  
e.g. He looked about him with great interest. look about for:四处寻找 F`,Hf Cb\  
`b%^_@Fb  
e.g. She was looking about for the key she had just lost. +;=>&XR0m  
Wtp=1  
40) look up:向上看 qE VpkvEq  
B?Rkz  
e.g. He looked up and nodded to me. look up to:尊敬 nc1?c1s,f  
e E(+  
e.g. It must be rewarding to be looked up to by so many people. RD;A  
Ndyo)11z  
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41) make one’s way:开路 > %slzr  
; 7QG]JX  
e.g. As soon as he saw us the teacher made his way through the crowd to greet us. make one’s way to:向……走去 zAev@+.ld  
H+@?K6{h  
e.g. In the evening we made our way to the appointed meeting place. B}K<L\S  
kV8qpw}K  
42) measure to:测量到某一精度 $vn)(zn+  
t**d{P+  
e.g. Measure this part to mm. measure up to:够得上,可以匹敌 %*Vr}@BA)  
+Fh,!`  
e.g. The new techniques measure up to advanced world standard. !1A< jL  
8Z)wot  
43) more than:很,非常 g_?Q3  
:"b:uQ  
e.g. He was more than upset by the accident. more…than:比……更 A"R(?rQi=  
7{9M ^.}  
e.g. I regarded her more highly than me. @=Dc(5`[  
W1ndb:  
44) much as:虽然 +rhBC V  
0F%?< : &  
e.g. Much as I should like to go I can’t go right now. as much:同样的或同样多少的 T[c-E*{hR  
Y^;izM}  
e.g. You have always helped me and I will always do as much for you. h-SKw=n  
]v? jfy  
45. no less than:不亚于,竟达……之多 #7}YSfm^6  
<Z\{ijfvD  
e.g. There were no less than one hundred people at the meeting. not less than:不比……差,至少 ]\k & l ['  
"=JE12=u  
e.g. There were not less than one hundred people at the meeting. 请大家注意区分以上两句的差别,第一句是指“竟达100人之多”,第二句则是“至少有100人”,要明白no less than是一种强调说法,它和not less than的区别在于事先假定的程度或是数量有所不同,no less than在某种意义上说来没有超过的意思,而not less than可能会超过,这种表达方式正好与no more than以及not more than相反。 mAJ'>^`^  
9`? M-U  
46. no more than:同样不;仅仅,只有 8U4In[4  
nV`W0r(f'  
e.g. This book is no more interesting than that one. It is no more than empty talk. not more than:不比……更,不如;至多 ]1W]  
!,]c}Y{i  
e.g. He is not more clever than you are. There were not more than 5 factories in our city before liberation. #hMkajG  
+Yc@<$4  
47. on sale:出售的;廉价出售 BMV\@Sg  
SZ7; } r8  
e.g. Many new farm tools are on sale in this store. I got this book on sale it was very cheap. for sale:出售的,上市的 Pf?15POg&B  
W"CG&.  
e.g. I shall put these goods up for sale. 在作“出售的”的意思的时候,on sale和for sale还是有一些不同的,一般来说,for sale多指物主亲自或委托代理人经手出售,而on sale通常表示店里的货物是供出售的。 dO,; k +  
tDfHO1pS  
48. once again:再一次 -w5sXnS  
D,(:))DmR  
e.g. I want to try this once again. once and again:一再 8F's9c,  
Nw-U*y  
e.g. I have told him once and again not to do that. w|*D{`O  
Mm9*$g!R  
49. out of question:毫无疑问,必定 % I2JS  
"ctZ"*  
e.g. Out of question this plan can be fulfilled ahead of time. out of the question:不可能的 P97i<pB Y_  
V)ag ss w?  
e.g. What you propose is out of the question. |oe  
[ q[2\F?CE  
50. refer to:提及,涉及 _5$L`&  
3*(><<ZC  
e.g. I would like to refer back to the first of my three points. refer to…as:称作,叫做 "QD>:G;u  
Z5EII[=$o  
e.g. Coal is often referred to as food for industry. R|wS*xd,  
[qk c6sqo  
51. search sb.:认真搜查某人身体 h|lH`m^  
\$F#bIjC  
e.g. They searched him but nothing was found on him. search for sb.:搜查某地为找到某人 -C!m#"PDW  
P.1Z@HC  
e.g. They searched for him everywhere but failed. %[azMlp<  
k5+ Fxf  
52. settle down:落下;定居 $'<$:;4b3  
bMv[.Z@v(  
e.g. The dust slowly settled down. He has settled down in the countryside. settle down to:专心致力于;逐渐习惯于 zvdIwV&oT  
Z$6B}cz<  
e.g. He settled down to his homework. They settled down to a new job. Z J1@z.  
Ol|fdQ  
53. speak for itself:不言而喻 v!3Oq.ot  
`G:hC 5B  
e.g. One does not to be told that this fact speaks for itself. speak for oneself:发表本人的意见 %Q;:nVt  
F"3'~ 6  
e.g. What others think I do not know I can only speak for myself. W2M[w_~QE  
%e|UA-(  
54. submit to:屈服于 L%-ENk  
^BW8zu@=O  
e.g. He has to submit to an operation. submit…to:提交 X\*H7;k,  
Ea0EG>Y  
e.g. They must submit the case to the court lEb H4 g  
|t;Ktl  
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