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主题 : 2013年考博英语听力中影响理解的词组
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楼主  发表于: 2012-08-24   

2013年考博英语听力中影响理解的词组

1) a big time:尽兴,高兴的时刻 =wquFA!c  
e.g. I had a big time there. the big time:第一流,最高级 e.g. Don’t worry you are in the big time now. @:w[(K[^b/  
2) according to:按照,根据 Ihy76_OZ  
e.g. They were commended or criticized according to their work. according as:随……而定 \Z8:^ct.P  
e.g. The thermometer rises or falls according as the air is hot or cold. _1ax6MwX  
3) admit to:承认 w%?6s3   
e.g. I have to admit to a dislike for modern music. admit sb.(in) to:允许某人进入某地或加入某组织、行业 v5A8"&Jr  
e.g. They have admitted me into their club. \O=t5yS  
4) all for:完全赞成 St|B9V?eEB  
e.g. I am all for holding a meeting to discuss it. for all:尽管 Z(c2F]  
e.g. They could not open the box for all their forces. `nv82v  
5) all in all:总的说来 :O9i:Xq[QW  
e.g. All in all it is a success. all in:疲倦,筋疲力尽 94'0X  
e.g. He was all in but he stuck it out. I?X!v6  
6) as it is (was):照目前的情况来看 a&C}' e"  
e.g. As it is we shall be able to complete our task in time. as it were:可以说,姑且这样说 &Xp<%[:  
e.g. He is as it were a walking dictionary. !g7bkA  
7) as much as:几乎,实际上 &Ef_p-e-P  
e.g. By running away he as much as admitted that he had taken the money. as much…as:与……一样多 xC YL3hl  
e.g. It is as much our responsibility as yours. HOb0\X  
8) as well:也,还是……为好 7thB1cOJ  
e.g. He gave me advice and money as well. Since you have begun to do it you may as well finish it. as well as:不仅……而且,除……之外 ";*Iwd*V  
e.g. With television we see a picture as well as hearing sound. Small towns as well as big cities are being rapidly industrialized. Q|Go7MQZ@k  
9) at one time从前某个时期 e.g. At one time we met frequently. at a time:每次,一次 ?X~U[dV?  
e.g. You can borrow only two books at a time. U( (F<  
10) attach to:属于,归因于 /2fQM_ ,P  
e.g. No blame attaches to him. attach oneself to:参加,加入 %Kc2n9W  
e.g. He attached himself to the group of climbers. ~]C m   
11) be a credit to:为……增光 `>N_A!pr`  
e.g. I hope you will be a credit to your school. do credit to:为……增进荣誉 tY0C& u2  
e.g. This piece of work does credit to you. Y4,LXuQ  
12) bear in mind:记住 gFAtIx4  
e.g. I hope you will bear in mind all I am saying. have in mind:考虑 [fl^1!3{  
e.g. Don’t give your confidence to others regarding the plan you have in mind. ctT6va  
13) begin with:以……为起点 rh$q]  
e.g. He advised me to begin with something easy. to begin with:首先 ^gd[UC-"w  
e.g. To begin with we must consider the problem from all sides. ?n9?`8a#  
14) build up:逐步建成,增强 (f>~+-IL  
e.g. They are trying hard to build up an independent economy. He went for an ocean voyage and built up his health. build on:以……为基础,依赖 \%$z!]S>  
e.g. Let’s build on your idea. We shall build on your supporting us. Hribk[99  
15) by day:在白天 _'"$,~ZWY  
e.g. Most of them work by day and study by night. by the day:(指工作报酬等)按日计算 &M2SqeR62;  
#b5V/)K  
e.g. Will you pay me by the day or by the hour? #P5tTCM  
16) can but只好……罢了 >uVr;,=y  
e.g. We can but try to make him see how unreasonable he has been. cannot but:不得不,禁不住 \A=:6R%Qb  
e.g. I cannot but tell her the truth.(=I cannot help telling her the truth) -1<*mbb0  
17) come forth:出现,发行 3PgiV%]  
e.g. Many new things are coming forth.. Do you know that a set of new stamps has come forth? come forward:自告奋勇,提出供讨论 They have come forward with an offer to help. The matter was deferred at last evening’s meeting but will come forward at our next session. <P #]U"?A  
18) compare … to比拟(指出其中的相似点) k-X E|v  
e.g. Man’s life is often compared to a candle. compare … with:把……和……相比(指出其不同之处) -3T~+  
e.g. He compared his camera with mine. Qz9*o  
19) consist in:包含在……中 kZJ.G  
e.g. Happiness consists in good health. consist of:由……组成 P8=!/L2?  
e.g. The apartment consisted of two rooms and a kitchen. ~.L\f%<  
20) end on:两端相碰,正对 NB[(O#  
e.g. The two ships collided each other end on. We shouldn’t place the bicycles end on. on end:竖着,连续地,不断地 b$k|D)_|  
e.g. Place the box on end. She often works for 20 hours on end. lx"#S '^~  
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21) familiar to:某事为某人熟知 &3t[p=  
~R!M.gY[rK  
e.g. There were facts not familiar to me. familiar with:熟悉或通晓某事 q*E<~!jL  
^+'[:rE  
e.g. He is familiar with English German and French.. 2@~hELkk/E  
O"6 (k{`  
22) feel for sb.:同情某人,为某人难过 do$+ Eh  
l}jC$B`5  
e.g. I feel for you in your sorrow. feel for sth:(用手、脚、棍子等)摸索,寻找某物 bCbpJZ  
}#Gq*^w  
e.g. She felt under the pillow for her watch 4J9VdEKk  
"!F%X%/  
23) for a moment:片刻,一会儿 YQ7\99tj  
Dm+[cA"I  
e.g. She was silent for a moment weighing in her mind the pros and cons. for the moment:此刻、暂时 A6Vb'Gqv{  
k+5l  
e.g. I cannot recall his name for the moment. uK;&L?WB  
ARd*c?Om  
24) get down:下去,下来;写下来 w}WfQj  
~4V-{-=0a7  
e.g. The bus was so jammed that I could not get down. Here’s the telephone number I got down for you. get down to:认真着手进行处理 ]*]#I?&'Hx  
F(DM$5z[  
e.g. It is no good shirking the job it will have to be got down to. s/\<;g:u^  
i*jnC>  
25) get into trouble with sb.:遭到某人的(训斥等) U)6Ew4uRxV  
EL^j}P  
e.g. Poor Tom is always getting into trouble with the boss. get sb. into trouble:使某人陷入困境 044Q>Qz,  
P/,ezVb =  
e.g. The letter got me into trouble. 26) give sb. a hand:帮助某人或参与某人做某事 1deK}5'  
r*kz`cJ  
e.g. Give me a hand with the cleaning please. give sb. one’s hand:与某人握手 kIJ=]wU|v  
ZfU &X{  
e.g. She gave me her hand and wished me a good trip. MZ%S3'  
30{+gYA  
27) go through:检查,搜查;通过,穿过 {`+:!X   
7e:7RAX  
e.g. They went through our luggage at the customs. It took us a whole week to go through the great forest. go through with:把……坚持到底 Q94p*]W"  
H><! C  
e.g. We should go through with the experiment now we’ve started. EASN#VG  
fiQ/ &]|5  
28) good for:有益于 97n,^t2F\  
? MD\\gN  
e.g. This book is good for your English study. for good:永久地 q]DE \*@  
Wl{wY,u  
e.g. The lost money was gone for good. 29) have a fancy for:爱好,喜爱 GC)xQZU)s  
vqRW^>~-B  
e.g. She has a fancy for nice clothes. have a fancy that:猜想,认为 R QCKH]&!  
bX`VIFc  
e.g. I have a fancy that he will come tonight. K~ V UD(  
;mXw4_{  
30) head up:领头;领导 29k\}m7l<*  
W_ubgCB  
e.g. A band headed up the parade. Mr. Jones will head up the new business. heads up:注意,小心 Hv .C5mo  
bS*oFm@u  
e.g. Heads up now You can do better than that. X-J<gI(Y  
-\~D6OA  
31) in a way:在某种程度上 ZH=oQV)6  
nnBl:p>< k  
e.g. In a way it is an important book. in the way:妨碍,挡路 I will visit you next weekend if there is nothing in the way. l;'c6o0e  
"P {T]  
32) in black:穿黑色衣服 @Xq3>KJ_)H  
. [5{  
e.g. Arabian women are always dressed in black clothes. in the black:赢利,赚钱 New production methods put the company in the black. 1U< g  
Oa|'wh ug  
33) in charge of:负责 XhxCOpO  
f S(IN~  
e.g. Who is in charge of this work? in the charge of:照护 `+O7IyTM A  
ckTk2x PQ  
e.g. The patients are in the charge of the nurse. w( ^  
C[xY 0<^B  
34) in hand:控制 :]hNw1e  
kED1s's  
e.g. There was a little rioting but the police soon had the situation in hand. hand in:递交,交给 *lT:P-  
~DYv6-p%  
e.g. He handed in his resignation in protest against it. _sGmkJi]  
NM{/rvM  
35) in one’s honor:向……表示敬意或感谢 ;"K;D@xzh]  
vk&6L%_~a  
e.g. The day was kept as a holiday in honor of victory. on one’s honor:用人格担保 Sd |=*X  
'fIoN%  
e.g. We were on our honor not to cheat on the exam. z?DI4 O#Up  
NrK.DY4  
36) in possession of:占有 L<62-+e`  
;[-TsX:  
e.g. He is in possession of this house. in the possession of:被占有 js..k*j  
Z)^1~!w0  
e.g. The keys are in the possession of the door keeper. {TL.2  
X;&Iu{&=  
37) in spirit:在内心,在精神上 JJZu%9~[  
|8q:sr_  
e.g. In spirit at least these laws were very fair. in spirits:情绪或心情(好、坏等) H-&T)  
,` 64t'g  
e.g. He is in poor spirits because of his failing in the exam. S6CI+W  
*671MJ 9  
38) keep up:继续,保持 #PkZi(k hv  
\47djmG-  
e.g. They entered into a correspondence which was kept up for almost ten years. keep up with:与……齐步前进,跟上 N<PD Q  
@9tzk [  
e.g. With their help he has kept up with the class. z ub"Ap3  
:pfLa2f+  
39) look about:环视 X- ZZLl#  
\$4 [qG=  
e.g. He looked about him with great interest. look about for:四处寻找 M$ 48}q+  
KdBpfPny@  
e.g. She was looking about for the key she had just lost. JC MUK<CG  
|A/H*J,  
40) look up:向上看 |h?2~D!+d  
E<jW; trt_  
e.g. He looked up and nodded to me. look up to:尊敬 iF9d?9TWl  
:r>^^tGT!  
e.g. It must be rewarding to be looked up to by so many people. <5? pa3  
UE{$hLI?g  
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41) make one’s way:开路 #]x3(}3W  
ujRXAN@mC  
e.g. As soon as he saw us the teacher made his way through the crowd to greet us. make one’s way to:向……走去 {BmqUoZrC  
: oXSh;\  
e.g. In the evening we made our way to the appointed meeting place. ejlns ~  
\4L ur  
42) measure to:测量到某一精度 u MEM7$o  
]:Gy]qkO  
e.g. Measure this part to mm. measure up to:够得上,可以匹敌 B=!!R]dxA  
:YI5O/gsk?  
e.g. The new techniques measure up to advanced world standard. "_q~S$i^  
x%l(0K  
43) more than:很,非常 H-PVV&r   
x ;|HT  
e.g. He was more than upset by the accident. more…than:比……更 ^e8xg=8(  
#4JMb#q0E  
e.g. I regarded her more highly than me. s/tLY/U/  
y>EW,%leC  
44) much as:虽然 [kg?q5F)  
8Yh'/,o=L#  
e.g. Much as I should like to go I can’t go right now. as much:同样的或同样多少的 9wYm(7M6  
pi?/]}:  
e.g. You have always helped me and I will always do as much for you. = LNU%0m  
H?=W]<!W{y  
45. no less than:不亚于,竟达……之多 ,Z~`aHhr  
tnJ7m8JmC  
e.g. There were no less than one hundred people at the meeting. not less than:不比……差,至少 f)*?Ji|5F  
 Zi~.  
e.g. There were not less than one hundred people at the meeting. 请大家注意区分以上两句的差别,第一句是指“竟达100人之多”,第二句则是“至少有100人”,要明白no less than是一种强调说法,它和not less than的区别在于事先假定的程度或是数量有所不同,no less than在某种意义上说来没有超过的意思,而not less than可能会超过,这种表达方式正好与no more than以及not more than相反。  ;j26(dH  
V *@q< rQ  
46. no more than:同样不;仅仅,只有 G<?RH"RZr  
@rYZ0`E9  
e.g. This book is no more interesting than that one. It is no more than empty talk. not more than:不比……更,不如;至多 a fa\6]m  
9 Zos;  
e.g. He is not more clever than you are. There were not more than 5 factories in our city before liberation. BQ6$T&  
-dM~3'  
47. on sale:出售的;廉价出售 aH"d~Y^  
R|RGoGE6g  
e.g. Many new farm tools are on sale in this store. I got this book on sale it was very cheap. for sale:出售的,上市的 0kUhz\"R:q  
&MX&5@ Vu  
e.g. I shall put these goods up for sale. 在作“出售的”的意思的时候,on sale和for sale还是有一些不同的,一般来说,for sale多指物主亲自或委托代理人经手出售,而on sale通常表示店里的货物是供出售的。 j0L%jz  
1O Ft}>1  
48. once again:再一次 D\G 8p;  
;rf{T[i  
e.g. I want to try this once again. once and again:一再 <IZr..|O  
&5HI   
e.g. I have told him once and again not to do that. W _[9  
y0 vo-Q  
49. out of question:毫无疑问,必定 @u+LF]MY  
rv{Wti[  
e.g. Out of question this plan can be fulfilled ahead of time. out of the question:不可能的 {v!w2p@  
."Pn[$'.  
e.g. What you propose is out of the question. =n.&N   
V~Guw[RA  
50. refer to:提及,涉及 fm#7}Y  
aAcQmq TT  
e.g. I would like to refer back to the first of my three points. refer to…as:称作,叫做 Nl4uQ_"  
L]YJ#5  
e.g. Coal is often referred to as food for industry. kJ* N`=  
UnDX .W*2  
51. search sb.:认真搜查某人身体 J^WX^".E  
Yi-,Pb?   
e.g. They searched him but nothing was found on him. search for sb.:搜查某地为找到某人 ']!wc8m1"  
2*W|s7cc  
e.g. They searched for him everywhere but failed. $U&p&pgH=W  
;<MHl[jJD  
52. settle down:落下;定居 A{3nz DLI  
<UIE-#  
e.g. The dust slowly settled down. He has settled down in the countryside. settle down to:专心致力于;逐渐习惯于 [pt U}  
e6y!,My<  
e.g. He settled down to his homework. They settled down to a new job. -lfbn =3  
Dz$dJF1 8  
53. speak for itself:不言而喻 &[ |Z2}  
: t D`e<  
e.g. One does not to be told that this fact speaks for itself. speak for oneself:发表本人的意见 *I9O63  
2`V0k.$?p  
e.g. What others think I do not know I can only speak for myself. Z0 c|;  
j\@&poJ(,  
54. submit to:屈服于 n&Q0V.  
nbv}Q-C  
e.g. He has to submit to an operation. submit…to:提交 [.;I}  
QNZ#SG8  
e.g. They must submit the case to the court Eh *u6K)Z  
iML?`%/vN  
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