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主题 : 2013年考博英语听力中影响理解的词组
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楼主  发表于: 2012-08-24   

2013年考博英语听力中影响理解的词组

1) a big time:尽兴,高兴的时刻 :/rl \woA>  
e.g. I had a big time there. the big time:第一流,最高级 e.g. Don’t worry you are in the big time now. /l.:GH36f  
2) according to:按照,根据 IP?15l w  
e.g. They were commended or criticized according to their work. according as:随……而定 EC9bCd-z  
e.g. The thermometer rises or falls according as the air is hot or cold. " V[=U13  
3) admit to:承认 =g.R?H8cj5  
e.g. I have to admit to a dislike for modern music. admit sb.(in) to:允许某人进入某地或加入某组织、行业 }-Ds%L  
e.g. They have admitted me into their club. ! qVuhad.  
4) all for:完全赞成 2/WtOQI B  
e.g. I am all for holding a meeting to discuss it. for all:尽管 7pllzy  
e.g. They could not open the box for all their forces. b]0]*<~y  
5) all in all:总的说来 DB~3(r?K  
e.g. All in all it is a success. all in:疲倦,筋疲力尽 I45 kPfu  
e.g. He was all in but he stuck it out. $&25hvK,  
6) as it is (was):照目前的情况来看 0sMNp  
e.g. As it is we shall be able to complete our task in time. as it were:可以说,姑且这样说 HbI'n,+  
e.g. He is as it were a walking dictionary. MV{\:l}y  
7) as much as:几乎,实际上 xNrPj8V<Y  
e.g. By running away he as much as admitted that he had taken the money. as much…as:与……一样多 |?cL>]t  
e.g. It is as much our responsibility as yours. F_U9;*f]  
8) as well:也,还是……为好 <<=.;`(/v  
e.g. He gave me advice and money as well. Since you have begun to do it you may as well finish it. as well as:不仅……而且,除……之外 3 as~yF 0  
e.g. With television we see a picture as well as hearing sound. Small towns as well as big cities are being rapidly industrialized. $#z-b@s=B  
9) at one time从前某个时期 e.g. At one time we met frequently. at a time:每次,一次 /IxoS  
e.g. You can borrow only two books at a time. R7o'V* d  
10) attach to:属于,归因于 YujR}=B!/  
e.g. No blame attaches to him. attach oneself to:参加,加入 &%UZ"CcA  
e.g. He attached himself to the group of climbers. 7z2Q!0Sz  
11) be a credit to:为……增光 "u.'JE;j  
e.g. I hope you will be a credit to your school. do credit to:为……增进荣誉 Iq0[Kd0.j  
e.g. This piece of work does credit to you. {e+}jZ[L  
12) bear in mind:记住 Zt"#'1  
e.g. I hope you will bear in mind all I am saying. have in mind:考虑 ]')  
e.g. Don’t give your confidence to others regarding the plan you have in mind. en_W4\7^  
13) begin with:以……为起点 3v91yMx  
e.g. He advised me to begin with something easy. to begin with:首先 O:]e4r,'  
e.g. To begin with we must consider the problem from all sides. w61*jnvi@  
14) build up:逐步建成,增强 !X5LgMw^;  
e.g. They are trying hard to build up an independent economy. He went for an ocean voyage and built up his health. build on:以……为基础,依赖 ` t>A~.f  
e.g. Let’s build on your idea. We shall build on your supporting us. 8DuD1hZq  
15) by day:在白天 }Ip1|Gj  
e.g. Most of them work by day and study by night. by the day:(指工作报酬等)按日计算 ~<Z7\yS)  
[k]3#<sS  
e.g. Will you pay me by the day or by the hour? ~c=F$M^"c  
16) can but只好……罢了 ?orLc,pU^  
e.g. We can but try to make him see how unreasonable he has been. cannot but:不得不,禁不住 K8JshF Ie  
e.g. I cannot but tell her the truth.(=I cannot help telling her the truth) zEKVyZd*{  
17) come forth:出现,发行 &X6hOc:``\  
e.g. Many new things are coming forth.. Do you know that a set of new stamps has come forth? come forward:自告奋勇,提出供讨论 They have come forward with an offer to help. The matter was deferred at last evening’s meeting but will come forward at our next session. 5K,=S  
18) compare … to比拟(指出其中的相似点) &u4;A[- R  
e.g. Man’s life is often compared to a candle. compare … with:把……和……相比(指出其不同之处) {pXqw'"1.  
e.g. He compared his camera with mine. 6IJH%qUx'  
19) consist in:包含在……中 goOw.~dZ'  
e.g. Happiness consists in good health. consist of:由……组成 YCq:]  
e.g. The apartment consisted of two rooms and a kitchen. 3=("vR`!  
20) end on:两端相碰,正对 XFv^j SF  
e.g. The two ships collided each other end on. We shouldn’t place the bicycles end on. on end:竖着,连续地,不断地 cR=o!2O  
e.g. Place the box on end. She often works for 20 hours on end. LvC X(yjZ*  
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21) familiar to:某事为某人熟知 ?1**@E0  
_K B%g_{  
e.g. There were facts not familiar to me. familiar with:熟悉或通晓某事 V}ls|B$Y  
P5W58WxT'  
e.g. He is familiar with English German and French.. Z^J 7r&\V  
@p@b6iLpO  
22) feel for sb.:同情某人,为某人难过 .vie#,la  
 7gx?LI_e  
e.g. I feel for you in your sorrow. feel for sth:(用手、脚、棍子等)摸索,寻找某物 O"#/>hmv-  
Ph)>;jU  
e.g. She felt under the pillow for her watch T!i $nI&  
mNsd&Rk'  
23) for a moment:片刻,一会儿 ,20l` :  
#|T2`uYotf  
e.g. She was silent for a moment weighing in her mind the pros and cons. for the moment:此刻、暂时 Pj_*,L`mZ  
PsZ>L  
e.g. I cannot recall his name for the moment. Ir=G\/A  
#N;&^El  
24) get down:下去,下来;写下来 HBZ6Pj  
J Is i  
e.g. The bus was so jammed that I could not get down. Here’s the telephone number I got down for you. get down to:认真着手进行处理 yb>R(y  
rs,'vV-2\  
e.g. It is no good shirking the job it will have to be got down to. yMC6 Gvp  
h lSav?V_  
25) get into trouble with sb.:遭到某人的(训斥等) { `xC~B h  
)1YX+',"  
e.g. Poor Tom is always getting into trouble with the boss. get sb. into trouble:使某人陷入困境 % [~0<uO  
jeB"j  
e.g. The letter got me into trouble. 26) give sb. a hand:帮助某人或参与某人做某事 qz . l  
i52JY&N  
e.g. Give me a hand with the cleaning please. give sb. one’s hand:与某人握手 KT7R0v  
NNwGRoDco  
e.g. She gave me her hand and wished me a good trip. Cs\jPh;"  
H/Rzs$pnv  
27) go through:检查,搜查;通过,穿过 -%Rbd0gVH\  
LOr(HgyC  
e.g. They went through our luggage at the customs. It took us a whole week to go through the great forest. go through with:把……坚持到底 - P "  
TKiYEh  
e.g. We should go through with the experiment now we’ve started. sZ7~AJ  
r'lANl-v  
28) good for:有益于 h0HK~S#xBv  
)o-mM tPj  
e.g. This book is good for your English study. for good:永久地 }%<_>b\  
k+J63+obd  
e.g. The lost money was gone for good. 29) have a fancy for:爱好,喜爱 )vpYVr-  
.g?D3$|K  
e.g. She has a fancy for nice clothes. have a fancy that:猜想,认为 Do5.  
MOay^{u  
e.g. I have a fancy that he will come tonight. Oi]B%Uxy=  
ReL+V  
30) head up:领头;领导 Koj9]2<0  
SoHaGQo x  
e.g. A band headed up the parade. Mr. Jones will head up the new business. heads up:注意,小心 ZLdIEBi=  
BjA$ ^i|8  
e.g. Heads up now You can do better than that. ledr[)  
-M_>]ubG  
31) in a way:在某种程度上 z#rp8-HUDS  
 ls7P$qq  
e.g. In a way it is an important book. in the way:妨碍,挡路 I will visit you next weekend if there is nothing in the way. 1L!jI2~x}  
^4'!B +}F  
32) in black:穿黑色衣服 Zb|a\z8?  
,A)Z .OWOq  
e.g. Arabian women are always dressed in black clothes. in the black:赢利,赚钱 New production methods put the company in the black. Li$2 Gpc/  
[N}QCy  
33) in charge of:负责 X#K;(.},h  
mEkYT  
e.g. Who is in charge of this work? in the charge of:照护 };EB  
yy&L&v'  
e.g. The patients are in the charge of the nurse. rLA-q||  
i1A<0W|  
34) in hand:控制 9_e_Ne`i`?  
o~q.j_Sa  
e.g. There was a little rioting but the police soon had the situation in hand. hand in:递交,交给 L/I ] NA!U  
[!8b jc]c  
e.g. He handed in his resignation in protest against it. Y6v#0pT  
(I'{ pF)  
35) in one’s honor:向……表示敬意或感谢 ,8d&uR}x  
yLK %lP  
e.g. The day was kept as a holiday in honor of victory. on one’s honor:用人格担保 R rYNtc  
7Kb&BF|Q  
e.g. We were on our honor not to cheat on the exam. ]gm3|-EiY  
x K\i&A  
36) in possession of:占有 6d2e WS  
D%c^j9' 1  
e.g. He is in possession of this house. in the possession of:被占有 Y9vVi]4  
8Q{9AoQ3'  
e.g. The keys are in the possession of the door keeper. UvB\kIH  
}J92TV  
37) in spirit:在内心,在精神上  cz>)6#&O  
^P/OHuDL  
e.g. In spirit at least these laws were very fair. in spirits:情绪或心情(好、坏等) PxvxZJf$@  
0Js5 ' 9}H  
e.g. He is in poor spirits because of his failing in the exam. ;X0uA?  
A )CsF  
38) keep up:继续,保持 Aw4)=-LKO  
/6yVbo"  
e.g. They entered into a correspondence which was kept up for almost ten years. keep up with:与……齐步前进,跟上 DB_oRr[oj  
l[m*csDk"  
e.g. With their help he has kept up with the class. ,@ f|t&  
Us2> 5 :\  
39) look about:环视 >uQjygjj  
>TawJ"q-6R  
e.g. He looked about him with great interest. look about for:四处寻找 A=e1uBGA  
xXml Ho<D  
e.g. She was looking about for the key she had just lost. |Zp') JiS  
tI#65ox#  
40) look up:向上看 )"M;7W?R0  
b'R]DS{8  
e.g. He looked up and nodded to me. look up to:尊敬 p-rQ'e  
RF4B ]Gqd  
e.g. It must be rewarding to be looked up to by so many people. Jcs /i  
,nPnH1vb  
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41) make one’s way:开路 92b}N|u  
.uN(44^+x  
e.g. As soon as he saw us the teacher made his way through the crowd to greet us. make one’s way to:向……走去 Fy.!amXu  
"tpD ->  
e.g. In the evening we made our way to the appointed meeting place. 6vJ S"+ <  
UKB/>:R  
42) measure to:测量到某一精度 !I91kJt7  
j[t2Bp  
e.g. Measure this part to mm. measure up to:够得上,可以匹敌 l%yQ{loTh  
~yS sv  
e.g. The new techniques measure up to advanced world standard. evVxzU&  
~= otdJ  
43) more than:很,非常 6W;`}'ap  
KXWz(L!1  
e.g. He was more than upset by the accident. more…than:比……更 YXdo&'Q<qX  
Zl]@;*u  
e.g. I regarded her more highly than me. Q yQ[H  
8N<m V^|}  
44) much as:虽然 xz +;1JAL3  
aan(69=jz  
e.g. Much as I should like to go I can’t go right now. as much:同样的或同样多少的 4 .(5m\s!  
2Z`Jr/  
e.g. You have always helped me and I will always do as much for you. w2r* $Q  
8' v:26   
45. no less than:不亚于,竟达……之多 Z 2$S'}F  
`)BZk[64  
e.g. There were no less than one hundred people at the meeting. not less than:不比……差,至少 X|R"8cJ  
AD6 b  
e.g. There were not less than one hundred people at the meeting. 请大家注意区分以上两句的差别,第一句是指“竟达100人之多”,第二句则是“至少有100人”,要明白no less than是一种强调说法,它和not less than的区别在于事先假定的程度或是数量有所不同,no less than在某种意义上说来没有超过的意思,而not less than可能会超过,这种表达方式正好与no more than以及not more than相反。 D<*) ^^  
cf%2A1I2W  
46. no more than:同样不;仅仅,只有 N Zwi3  
b,(<74!#8  
e.g. This book is no more interesting than that one. It is no more than empty talk. not more than:不比……更,不如;至多 d zV2;  
R+Ug;r-[  
e.g. He is not more clever than you are. There were not more than 5 factories in our city before liberation. yv$hIU2X  
O}6 *9Xy  
47. on sale:出售的;廉价出售 =>GGeEL  
bGlr>@;-r  
e.g. Many new farm tools are on sale in this store. I got this book on sale it was very cheap. for sale:出售的,上市的 u|Ng>lU  
w3ZO CWJS  
e.g. I shall put these goods up for sale. 在作“出售的”的意思的时候,on sale和for sale还是有一些不同的,一般来说,for sale多指物主亲自或委托代理人经手出售,而on sale通常表示店里的货物是供出售的。 A3.pz6iT>  
QS-X _  
48. once again:再一次 [Z!oVSCZD%  
5tY/d=\k  
e.g. I want to try this once again. once and again:一再 >#Bu [nD%  
+zl [C  
e.g. I have told him once and again not to do that. o9OCgP`Y  
]qEg5:yY  
49. out of question:毫无疑问,必定 TA~ZN ^xI  
aT BFF  
e.g. Out of question this plan can be fulfilled ahead of time. out of the question:不可能的 `9|Uu#x  
>g{b'Xx  
e.g. What you propose is out of the question. 1buO&q!vn  
7{NH;U t  
50. refer to:提及,涉及  gq} c  
gy"<[N .?c  
e.g. I would like to refer back to the first of my three points. refer to…as:称作,叫做 JX#0<U|L  
]q&NO(:kbq  
e.g. Coal is often referred to as food for industry. 1L=)93,M  
9H+Q/Q*-a  
51. search sb.:认真搜查某人身体 6<f(Zv? I  
6LabFX@{&  
e.g. They searched him but nothing was found on him. search for sb.:搜查某地为找到某人 Fj"/jdM  
pB7^l|\]  
e.g. They searched for him everywhere but failed. D?4bp'0 3  
'@HCwEuz  
52. settle down:落下;定居 Sar1NkD#  
! w;/J^  
e.g. The dust slowly settled down. He has settled down in the countryside. settle down to:专心致力于;逐渐习惯于 6-+ wfrN2  
]<C]&03))  
e.g. He settled down to his homework. They settled down to a new job. _7dp(R  
~Bi%8G  
53. speak for itself:不言而喻 aP B4!3W  
=J'Q%qN<Zd  
e.g. One does not to be told that this fact speaks for itself. speak for oneself:发表本人的意见 M0`1o p1  
Q2F20b  
e.g. What others think I do not know I can only speak for myself. 4 =T_h`  
ImbA2Gcs  
54. submit to:屈服于 ]EG8+K6  
po.QM/b \  
e.g. He has to submit to an operation. submit…to:提交 n^*,JL 9@  
@a,=ApS"  
e.g. They must submit the case to the court r|i)  
)g }G{9M^  
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